Religion of Ancient Egypt

Egyptian goddess Isis from temple at Philae
A stele depicting two triads (groups of three) of gods

The religion of ancient Egypt was a polytheistic religion which lasted throughout their civilization. After about three thousand years, the Egyptian people turned to Coptic Christianity and Islam. These religions were brought by influences from outside. Christianity spread across Egypt in the third and fourth centuries AD. After the Muslim conquest of Egypt in the 7th century,[1] most Egyptians were converted to Islam by the 10th century.


At the beginning, there were five different religious groups of people in Egypt. Each groups had different beliefs, and were based in different places.

Group Location Chief God
Ennead Heliopolis Atum (also called Atum-Ra)[2]
Ogdoad Hermopolis Thoth.
Chnum- Satet-
Anuket triad
Chons triad
Nefertem triad
Ptah (This is not normal because the gods were not connected before the triad was made). [2]

During the history of Egypt, the beliefs changed with the leader. When someone rose in power, their belief system rose as well. The new beliefs would combined with the beliefs that were already there. This happened even after the end of the ancient Egyptian civilization as it is known today. An example of this might be the New Kingdom. During its time, the gods Ra and Amun, became Amun-Ra. Joining to create one god is usually referred to as syncretism.[4]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Qədim Misir dini
Bahasa Indonesia: Agama Mesir Kuno
slovenščina: Egipčanska religija
татарча/tatarça: Борынгы Мисыр дине