Refugee

An Armenian refugee woman with her son. (Armenian Genocide)
A refugee camp in Chad, linked to the Darfur conflict

In 1951, the United Nations (UN) law called Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, said a refugee was a person who is forced to leave their country due to natural disasters or war and conflict

owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him/herself of the protection of that country.[1]

In 1967 the Conventions’ 1967 protocol and by regional conventions in Africa and Latin America to include persons who had fled war and violence in their country. A person who is seeking to be recognized as a refugee is an asylum seeker. In the United States a recognized asylum seeker is known as an asylee.[2]

A refugee is a person who has to leave his or her country. This can be because of different reasons:

  • It is no longer safe to stay, there might be a natural disaster such as flood or famine, war, or civil unrest
  • There might be persecutions going on.
  • The person is unable to sustain himself or herself economically.
  • The person might have been expelled
  • The person might have to leave for religious reasons

References

  1. "UNHCR - Refugees". unhcr.org. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
  2. "USCIS - Asylee". uscis.gov. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
Other Languages
العربية: لاجئ
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܓܘܣܢܐ
asturianu: Refuxáu
azərbaycanca: Qaçqın
বাংলা: শরণার্থী
Bân-lâm-gú: Lān-bîn
беларуская: Бежанцы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бежанцы
български: Бежанец
català: Refugiat
čeština: Uprchlík
Cymraeg: Ffoadur
dansk: Flygtning
Deutsch: Flüchtling
eesti: Pagulane
Ελληνικά: Πρόσφυγας
English: Refugee
español: Refugiado
Esperanto: Rifuĝinto
euskara: Iheslari
فارسی: پناهجو
føroyskt: Flóttafólk
français: Réfugié
Gaeilge: Dídeanaí
galego: Refuxiado
한국어: 난민
հայերեն: Փախստականներ
हिन्दी: शरणार्थी
hrvatski: Izbjeglica
Bahasa Indonesia: Pengungsi
íslenska: Flóttamaður
italiano: Rifugiato
עברית: פליט
къарачай-малкъар: Къачхынчыла
kaszëbsczi: Ùchódnik
қазақша: Босқын
Kiswahili: Mkimbizi
kurdî: Penaber
latviešu: Bēgļi
lietuvių: Pabėgėlis
Limburgs: Vlöchteling
magyar: Menekült
Nederlands: Vluchteling
नेपाली: शरणार्थी
日本語: 難民
norsk: Flyktning
norsk nynorsk: Flyktning
occitan: Refugiat
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ជនភៀសខ្លួន
polski: Uchodźca
português: Refugiado
Qaraqalpaqsha: Qashqınlar
română: Refugiat
Runa Simi: Ayqiq
русский: Беженцы
саха тыла: Куотуу дьоннор
slovenčina: Utečenec (osoba)
slovenščina: Begunec
Soomaaliga: Qaxooti
српски / srpski: Избеглица
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Izbjeglice
suomi: Pakolainen
svenska: Flykting
தமிழ்: ஏதிலி
Türkçe: Mülteci
українська: Біженці
Tiếng Việt: Tị nạn
中文: 难民