Priest

Hindu priest doing a religious rite
Roman Catholic priest from the Belgian Congo.

A priest or priestess is a person who is allowed to do religious rites. Their office or position is the priesthood, a word which can also be used for such persons collectively. In most religions and cultures in history there have been priests, although they have a lot of different names, and follow different rules.

In Christianity

A priest is a member of a church that has been told to look after his (spiritual) community. He is the head of a parish.

  • Catholic priests are ordained (put in place) by the Pope (or in his absence: a bishop).
  • Orthodox priests are ordained by the Patriarch
  • Anglican priests are ordained by their bishop.
  • Most Protestant groups do not ordain priests.

To become a Catholic priest, you are required to study Theology. The Orthodox and Protestant Churches also have laymen as clergy.

Catholic priests are not allowed to marry meaning that they have to be celibate. Orthodox priests can be married, but they must not marry after they become a priest. Anglican priests can get married before or during the time they are a priest.

The Catholic Church does not allow women to become priests. However, some Anglican Churches allow women to be priests.

Higher priests are called Bishops and Archbishops in the Anglican Church. John Sentamua and Rowan Williams are the archbishops of York and Canterbury. In some denominations only men can become priests.

The Orthodox Church has a higher priest called a Patriarch. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, like the Roman Catholic Church has a Pope, Pope Tawadras.

Protestantism

Many Protestant churches have ministers or pastors instead of priests.

Other Languages
العربية: قس
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܟܗܢܐ
armãneashti: Preftu
asturianu: Sacerdote
Avañe'ẽ: Pa'i
azərbaycanca: Rahib
беларуская: Святар
Bikol Central: Padi (katongdan)
български: Свещеник
Boarisch: Priesta
བོད་ཡིག: ཆོས་དཔོན།
brezhoneg: Beleg
català: Sacerdot
Чӑвашла: Сăвапçă
čeština: Kněz
Cymraeg: Offeiriad
dansk: Præst
Deutsch: Priester
eesti: Preester
Ελληνικά: Ιερέας
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Prét
English: Priest
español: Sacerdote
Esperanto: Pastro
euskara: Apaiz
فارسی: کشیش
français: Prêtre
Frysk: Preester
Gaeilge: Sagart
Gàidhlig: Sagart
galego: Sacerdote
한국어: 사제
हिन्दी: पादरी
hrvatski: Svećenik
Bahasa Indonesia: Imam
íslenska: Prestur
italiano: Sacerdote
Basa Jawa: Imam
ქართული: მღვდელი
Kiswahili: Kuhani
kurdî: Keşe
кырык мары: Иерей
Latina: Sacerdos
latviešu: Priesteris
Lëtzebuergesch: Priister
lietuvių: Dvasininkas
Limburgs: Preester
lingála: Sángó
lumbaart: Prevet
Nāhuatl: Teopixqui
Nederlands: Priester
日本語: 司祭
Napulitano: Sacerdote
norsk: Prest
norsk nynorsk: Prest
occitan: Prèire
олык марий: Юмызо
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਾਦਰੀ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បូជាចារ្យ
polski: Kapłan
português: Sacerdote
română: Preot
Runa Simi: Kura
русиньскый: Священик
русский: Священник
саха тыла: Аҕабыыт
Scots: Priest
shqip: Prifti
slovenčina: Kňaz
slovenščina: Duhovnik
کوردی: قەشە
српски / srpski: Свештеник
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Svećenik
suomi: Pappi
svenska: Präst
Tagalog: Pari
татарча/tatarça: Рухани
Türkçe: Papaz
українська: Священик
اردو: قسیس
vèneto: Prete
Tiếng Việt: Tư tế
Winaray: Padi
吴语: 神父
粵語: 神父
Zazaki: Papaz
žemaitėška: Žīnīs
中文: 祭司