Portugal
English: Portugal

Portuguese Republic

República Portuguesa
Coat of arms
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese Anthem"
Portugal  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Lisbon
Official languagesPortuguese
Recognised regional languagesMirandese1
Ethnic groups
(2007)
96.87% Portuguese and 3.13% other ethnicities (Cape Verdeans, Brazilians, Ukrainians, Goans, Angolans, etc.)
Demonym(s)Portuguese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (PSD)
António Costa (PS)
• Assembly President
Ferro Rodrigues (PS)
Formation 
Conventional date for Independence is 1139
• Founding
868
• Re-founding
1095
•  sovereignty
24 June 1128
• Kingdom
25 July 1139
• Recognized
5 October 1143
• Papal Recognition
23 May 1179
• Restoration of independence
1 December 1640
• Restoration of independence recognized
13 February 1668
• Republic
5 October 1910
• Democracy
25 April 1974
Area
• Total
92,090 km2 (35,560 sq mi) (110th)
• Water (%)
0.5
Population
• 2011 estimate
10,647,763[1] (77th)
• 2011 census
10,555,853[2]
• Density
115/km2 (297.8/sq mi) (96th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$247.037 billion[3] (48th)
• Per capita
$23,222[3] (39th)
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$229.336 billion[3] (37th)
• Per capita
$21,558[3] (32nd)
Gini (2009)33.7[4]
medium
HDI (2011)Increase 0.809[5]
very high · 41st
CurrencyEuro ()2 (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (WEST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy, yyyy-mm-dd, yyyy/mm/dd
Driving sideright
Calling code351
ISO 3166 codePT
Internet TLD.pt
  1. Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro), since then awarding an official right-of-use Mirandese to the linguistic minority it is concerned.[6] The Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
  2. Before 1999: Portuguese escudo.

Portugal is a country in Southern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe and part of the Mediterranean. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. It has been a member of the European Union since 1986. It was under a dictatorship between 1926 and 1974. It has since prospered but was hit hard by the 2007-2008 recession.

It has a football team and won the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 meaning it hosts the event for the first time ever in 2018.

It once had an empire and was a powerful maritime nation from 1500s–1800s, the 10th-largest empire with a maximum land area of 10.4 million km² which included Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, East Timoa, São Tomé and Príncipe, Portuguese Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and even Macau in China (until 2002).

Three groups of islands in the Atlantic Ocean are also part of Portugal: the Azores (Açores), Madeira and the Savage Isles (Ilhas Selvagens). The Savage Isles are a small group of uninhabited islands, administered by Madeira.Portugal claims that Olivença is also part of its territory, but it is controlled by Spain.

It's a popular holiday destination but, is sometimes overlooked in favour of larger countries like France, Spain and Italy. The Algarve region in the south and capital Lisbon are the most popular.

History

Portugal became its own kingdom in 1139 but was not officially recognized until 1143. Portugal has had links with England since the 1100s via a treaty. The border with Spain has been almost the same since the 13th century. Fishing and trade with other countries are important here.

Portugal was important in world exploration for two reasons. Henry the Navigator, a prince from Portugal, was very interested in exploration. Inventions in navigation led to a bigger knowledge of geography.

This world exploration began the Portuguese Empire. Portugal was a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries. It tried to colonize Canada in the 16th century. However, it lost a lot of money soon after this. Portugal and Spain were in the Iberian Union from 1580 to 1640. The city of Lisbon was destroyed in an earthquake in 1755. The country was occupied during the Napoleonic Wars. It lost its largest colony, Brazil, in 1822.

In 1910, Portugal became a Republic, and in 1926, a military group took control of the country from the Portuguese 1st Republic. This began a time of rule by fascist governments. During World War II they were neutral but friendly to Britain. In 1974 a peaceful left-wing army coup, called the Carnation Revolution, happened. The coup changed how the country was run.

The next year, Portugal allowed its colonies in Africa to be on their own: Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde and São Tomé and Príncipe.

East Timor in Asia declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975, and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later.

Portugal went into the European Union in 1986. Another Asian colony, Macau, became part of China

The main language of Portugal is Portuguese.

Some famous Portuguese people are D. Afonso Henriques, Henry the Navigator, Bartolomeu Dias, Vasco da Gama, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Ferdinand Magellan, Luís de Camões, Fernando Pessoa, Amália Rodrigues, Álvaro Siza Vieira, Eduardo Souto de Moura.

Luís de Camões wrote the national poem of Portugal. It is called Os Lusíadas and was written in 1572.[7]

Other Languages
Acèh: Portugéh
Адыгэбзэ: Португалэ
адыгабзэ: Португалие
Afrikaans: Portugal
Alemannisch: Portugal
አማርኛ: ፖርቱጋል
Ænglisc: Portugal
Аҧсшәа: Португалиа
العربية: البرتغال
aragonés: Portugal
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܘܪܛܘܓܠ
arpetan: Portugal
asturianu: Portugal
Avañe'ẽ: Poytuga
Aymar aru: Purtuwal
azərbaycanca: Portuqaliya
تۆرکجه: پورتوقال
বাংলা: পর্তুগাল
Bân-lâm-gú: Phû-tô-gâ
башҡортса: Португалия
беларуская: Партугалія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Партугалія
भोजपुरी: पुर्तगाल
Bikol Central: Portugal
Bislama: Portugal
български: Португалия
Boarisch: Portugal
བོད་ཡིག: པོ་ཅུ་གྷལ།
bosanski: Portugal
brezhoneg: Portugal
буряад: Португал
català: Portugal
Чӑвашла: Португали
Cebuano: Portugal
čeština: Portugalsko
Chamoru: Portugal
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Portugal
chiShona: Portugal
chiTumbuka: Portugal
corsu: Portugallu
Cymraeg: Portiwgal
dansk: Portugal
davvisámegiella: Portugal
Deutsch: Portugal
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޕޯޗުގަލް
dolnoserbski: Portugalska
डोटेली: पोर्चुगल
eesti: Portugal
Ελληνικά: Πορτογαλία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Purtugàl
English: Portugal
español: Portugal
Esperanto: Portugalio
estremeñu: Portugal
euskara: Portugal
eʋegbe: Portugal
فارسی: پرتغال
Fiji Hindi: Portugal
føroyskt: Portugal
français: Portugal
Frysk: Portegal
Fulfulde: Portokeesi
furlan: Portugal
Gagauz: Portugaliya
Gàidhlig: A' Phortagail
galego: Portugal
ГӀалгӀай: Португали
ગુજરાતી: પોર્ટુગલ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: पोर्तुगाल
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Phù-thò-ngà
한국어: 포르투갈
Hausa: Portugal
Hawaiʻi: Potugala
հայերեն: Պորտուգալիա
Արեւմտահայերէն: Փորթուկալ
हिन्दी: पुर्तगाल
hornjoserbsce: Portugalska
hrvatski: Portugal
Igbo: Portugal
Ilokano: Portugal
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: পর্তুগাল
Bahasa Indonesia: Portugal
interlingua: Portugal
Interlingue: Portugal
isiZulu: IPhothugali
íslenska: Portúgal
italiano: Portogallo
עברית: פורטוגל
Jawa: Portugal
Kabɩyɛ: Pɔritigaalɩ
kalaallisut: Portugal
Kapampangan: Portugal
къарачай-малкъар: Португалия
ქართული: პორტუგალია
kaszëbsczi: Pòrtugalskô
қазақша: Португалия
kernowek: Portyngal
Kinyarwanda: Porutigali
Kirundi: Portugal
Kiswahili: Ureno
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pòtigal
kurdî: Portûgal
Кыргызча: Португалия
Ladino: Portugal
лакку: Португал
لۊری شومالی: پورتغال
latgaļu: Portugaleja
Latina: Portugallia
latviešu: Portugāle
Lëtzebuergesch: Portugal
lietuvių: Portugalija
Ligure: Pòrtogallo
Limburgs: Portugal
lingála: Pulutugal
Lingua Franca Nova: Portugal
Livvinkarjala: Portugalii
la .lojban.: potygu'e
magyar: Portugália
मैथिली: पोर्चुगल
македонски: Португалија
Malagasy: Pôrtogaly
മലയാളം: പോർച്ചുഗൽ
Malti: Portugall
Māori: Potukara
მარგალური: პორტუგალია
مازِرونی: پرتغال
Bahasa Melayu: Portugal
Minangkabau: Portugis
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Buò-dò̤-ngà
Mirandés: Pertual
мокшень: Португалия
монгол: Португали
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပေါ်တူဂီနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Portsiugar
Nederlands: Portugal
Nedersaksies: Portugal
नेपाली: पोर्चुगल
नेपाल भाषा: पोर्चुगल
日本語: ポルトガル
Napulitano: Purtuallo
нохчийн: Португали
Nordfriisk: Portugal
Norfuk / Pitkern: Porchugal
norsk: Portugal
norsk nynorsk: Portugal
Nouormand: Portugâ
Novial: Portugal
occitan: Portugal
олык марий: Португалий
Oromoo: Poorchugaal
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Portugaliya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੁਰਤਗਾਲ
Pangasinan: Portugal
پنجابی: پرتگال
Papiamentu: Portugal
پښتو: پرتګال
Patois: Puotigal
Перем Коми: Португал
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ព័រទុយហ្គាល់
Picard: Portugal
Piemontèis: Portugal
Tok Pisin: Potugal
Plattdüütsch: Portugal
polski: Portugalia
Ποντιακά: Πορτογαλία
português: Portugal
Qaraqalpaqsha: Portugaliya
qırımtatarca: Portugaliya
reo tahiti: Pōtītī
română: Portugalia
romani čhib: Portugaliya
rumantsch: Portugal
Runa Simi: Purtugal
русиньскый: Портуґалія
русский: Португалия
саха тыла: Португалия
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ
Gagana Samoa: Potukale
संस्कृतम्: पुर्तगाल
sardu: Portugallu
Scots: Portugal
Seeltersk: Portugal
Sesotho: Portugal
Sesotho sa Leboa: Portugal
shqip: Portugalia
sicilianu: Portugallu
සිංහල: පෘතුගාලය
سنڌي: پرتگال
SiSwati: IPhuthukezi
slovenčina: Portugalsko
slovenščina: Portugalska
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Портогалїꙗ
ślůnski: Portugalijo
Soomaaliga: Burtuqaal
کوردی: پورتوگال
Sranantongo: Portugesokondre
српски / srpski: Португалија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Portugal
Sunda: Portugal
suomi: Portugali
svenska: Portugal
Tagalog: Portugal
Taqbaylit: Portugal
tarandíne: Purtugalle
татарча/tatarça: Португалия
తెలుగు: పోర్చుగల్
tetun: Portugál
тоҷикӣ: Португалия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏉᏥᎦᎳ
Tshivenda: Portugal
Türkçe: Portekiz
Türkmençe: Portugaliýa
удмурт: Португалия
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Portugis
українська: Португалія
اردو: پرتگال
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: پورتۇگالىيە
Vahcuengh: Buzdauzyaz
vèneto: Portogało
vepsän kel’: Portugalii
Tiếng Việt: Bồ Đào Nha
Volapük: Portugän
Võro: Portugal
walon: Portugal
文言: 葡萄牙
West-Vlams: Portugal
Winaray: Portugal
Wolof: Portugaal
吴语: 葡萄牙
Xitsonga: Phochugali
ייִדיש: פארטוגאל
Yorùbá: Pọ́rtúgàl
粵語: 葡萄牙
Zazaki: Portekiz
Zeêuws: Portuhal
žemaitėška: Puortogalėjė
中文: 葡萄牙