Pope John Paul II

Saint John Paul II
Native nameIoannes Paulus Secundus
Papacy began16 October 1978
Papacy ended2 April 2005
PredecessorPope John Paul I
SuccessorPope Benedict XVI
Personal details
Birth nameKarol Józef Wojtyła
Born(1920-05-18)18 May 1920
Wadowice, Poland
Died2 April 2005(2005-04-02) (aged 84)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
NationalityPolish with Vatican citizenship
MottoTotus Tuus (Totally Yours - in Latin)
Sainthood
Beatified1 May 2011
St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Pope Benedict XVI
Canonized27 April 2014
St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Pope Francis
Other Popes named John Paul

Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus PP. II; Polish: Jan Paweł II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), sometimes called Saint John Paul or John Paul the Great, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (Polish: [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛf vɔjˈtɨwa]; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005), was the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church from 16 October 1978 to his death in 2 April 2005. He was the second longest-serving pope in history. As a Pole, he was the first non-Italian pope in 455 years.[1] The last non-Italian pope was Pope Adrian VI, who died in 1523.

He is the first ever pope to visit the White House,[2] and a mosque.[3] He traveled more than any other pope before him, visiting many of the countries of the world. He is also famous for starting the annual World Youth Day. After he was beatified, his title was changed to Blessed John Paul II. John Paul II was canonized by Pope Francis on April 27, 2014 which means that the Polish Pope is now known as Saint John Paul II.[4]

Early life

Karol Józef Wojtyła was born on 18 May 1920 in Wadowice, Poland. His parents were Karol Wojtyła and Emilia Kaczorowska. He was the youngest of three children.[5] He was nine years old when his mother died in 1929. His father supported him so that he could study. His brother was a doctor. He died when Wojtyła was twelve. He lost everyone in his family - a sister, brother, mother, and father - before he became a priest. He played sports. He liked football (soccer)[6] as a goalkeeper.[7]

Wojtyła went to Marcin Wadowita high school in Wadowice. In 1938, he studied drama at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków.[5] He worked as a volunteer librarian. He was an athlete, actor, and playwright. He did two months military training in the Academic Legion. This training was compulsory. He would not hold or fire a weapon.[8]

When he was young, he met many Jewish people. They lived in that area. In 1939, Nazi forces closed the Jagiellonian University. All men, except for the disabled, had to have a job. From 1940 to 1944, Wojtyła worked in a restaurant. He also worked in a limestone quarry, and then as a salesman for a chemical factory. He did not want to be sent to Germany. If he was sent, he would be made to join the German army.[5] His father died of a heart attack in February 1941.

On 29 February 1944, Wojtyła was knocked down by a German truck (lorry). He thought he would be badly treated. The German officers sent him to a hospital. He spent two weeks there with head and shoulder injuries. It was at this time that he decided that he must become a priest. When he left hospital, the young Polish men were being sent to Germany for training. He escaped to the house of the Archbishop. He hid there till after the war. On the night of 17 January 1945, the Germans left the city. The priests and teacher and students went back to the seminary. There was a big clean-up to be done. Wojtyła offered to clean out the lavatories.[9]

That month, Wojtyła found a fourteen-year-old Jewish refugee named Edith Zierer. She was trying to reach her parents. She had collapsed from hunger.[10] He gave her food and helped her go to the railway station. She did not hear of him again until the day came when he was elected Pope.[11][12][13]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Johannes Paul II.
aragonés: Chuan-Pavlo II
armãneashti: Papa Ioannis Pavlu II
Avañe'ẽ: Huã Páulo II
Aymar aru: Juan Pawlu II
azərbaycanca: II İohann Pavel
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ян Павал II
Bikol Central: Papa Juan Pablo II
български: Йоан Павел II
brezhoneg: Yann-Baol II
català: Joan Pau II
Cebuano: Juan Pablo II
čeština: Jan Pavel II.
dolnoserbski: Jan Pawoł II.
español: Juan Pablo II
فارسی: ژان پل دوم
français: Jean-Paul II
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Pope John Paul II
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Ioannes Paulus 2-sṳ
hornjoserbsce: Jan Pawoł II.
hrvatski: Ivan Pavao II.
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Yohanes Paulus II
Interlingue: Ioannes Paulus II
Kabɩyɛ: Jean-Paul 2
Kapampangan: Papa Juan Pablo II
ქართული: იოანე პავლე II
kaszëbsczi: Jan Paweł II
Lëtzebuergesch: Jean-Paul II. (Poopst)
lietuvių: Jonas Paulius II
lumbaart: Giovann Paol II
македонски: Јован Павле II
Malagasy: Joany Paoly II
مازِرونی: پاپ ژان پل دوم
Bahasa Melayu: Paus Ioannes Paulus II
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Ioannes Paulus 2-sié
norsk nynorsk: Pave Johannes Paul II
Nouormand: Jean-Paoul II
occitan: Joan Pau II
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ioann Pavel II
Piemontèis: Gioann Pàul II
Plattdüütsch: Johannes Paul II.
Ripoarisch: Johannes Paul II.
Runa Simi: Huwan Pawlu II
русский: Иоанн Павел II
саха тыла: Иоанн Павел II
slovenčina: Ján Pavol II.
slovenščina: Papež Janez Pavel II.
ślůnski: Jůn Paul II
српски / srpski: Папа Јован Павле II
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ivan Pavao II.
татарча/tatarça: Иоанн Павел II
українська: Іван Павло II
žemaitėška: Juons Paulios II