Politics

Politics is the way that people living in groups make decisions. Politics is about making agreements between people so that they can live together in groups such as tribes, cities, or countries. In large groups, such as countries, some people may spend a lot of their time making such agreements. These people are called politicians. Politicians, and sometimes other people, may get together to form a government. The study of politics in universities is called political science, political studies, or public administration.

In everyday life, the term "politics" refers to the way that countries are governed, and to the ways that governments make rules and laws. Politics can also be seen in other groups, such as in companies, clubs, schools, and churches.

Governments

The government tries to lead the whole group. Governments do things such as:

  • Decide which people get which pieces of land
  • Decide which people can tell other people what to do
  • Decide whether to go to war with another country
  • Create money
  • Build things for the use of the whole group, such as roads, hospitals, libraries, and docks.
  • Educate people, either for their own good, or to teach them what the government wants them to know
  • Take care of the very young, the sick, or the very old
  • Manage the welfare of the country and manages the money available for spending on services (Hospitals, Schools, etc.)

One of the ways the government leads the group is by making laws and rules which tell everybody what they can and can not do. The government makes these laws so that society will be safe and well-ordered. The law that "you must not drink alcohol while driving a car" stops people from drunk driving, which could kill people. The law "you must wear a helmet on a motorcycle" makes sure that people protect themselves.

The government can also control people and what happens in a country in other ways besides making laws.

  • For example, how the government spends its money makes a big difference in what people will do or what will happen to people. If the government spends a lot of money on hospitals and nurses, the people will probably become healthier.
  • Also, if people like their government, or think that their government is wise, they may do something just because their government says it is a good thing to do. Governments often make posters or television advertisements that encourage people to stop smoking cigarettes or eat more fruits and vegetables.

Politics is often compared to ethics (ideas about right and wrong). Ethics is a more abstract study of right and wrong. Ethics is usually more concerned with principle than law or politics or diplomacy, so many people think ethics is not practical. But without some agreement on ethics, there is probably no way to even have a debate, laws or an election. There is always some agreement on ethics and personal conduct in a political system.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Politiek
Alemannisch: Politik
አማርኛ: ፖለቲካ
العربية: سياسة
aragonés: Politica
armãneashti: Politicâ
asturianu: Política
Avañe'ẽ: Jokuaikuaa
azərbaycanca: Siyasət
تۆرکجه: سیاست
bamanankan: Politiki
বাংলা: রাজনীতি
Bân-lâm-gú: Chèng-tī
башҡортса: Сәйәсәт
беларуская: Палітыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Палітыка
भोजपुरी: राजनीति
български: Политика
Boarisch: Politik
བོད་ཡིག: ཆབ་སྲིད་
bosanski: Politika
brezhoneg: Politikerezh
català: Política
Cebuano: Politika
čeština: Politika
Chamoru: Politika
corsu: Pulitica
dansk: Politik
Deutsch: Politik
eesti: Poliitika
Ελληνικά: Πολιτική
English: Politics
español: Política
Esperanto: Politiko
estremeñu: Política
euskara: Politika
فارسی: سیاست
Fiji Hindi: Rajniti
føroyskt: Politikkur
français: Politique
Frysk: Polityk
furlan: Politiche
Gaeilge: Polaitíocht
Gàidhlig: Poilitigs
galego: Política
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chṳn-chhṳ
한국어: 정치
Hausa: Siyasa
Hawaiʻi: Kālaiʻāina
हिन्दी: राजनीति
hrvatski: Politika
Ilokano: Politika
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: রাজনীতি
Bahasa Indonesia: Politik
interlingua: Politica
Interlingue: Politica
íslenska: Stjórnmál
italiano: Politica
עברית: פוליטיקה
Basa Jawa: Pulitik
kalaallisut: Politikki
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರಾಜನೀತಿ
къарачай-малкъар: Политика
ქართული: პოლიტიკა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: سِیاسَت
қазақша: Саясат
Kiswahili: Siasa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Politik (non)
Кыргызча: Саясат
Ladino: Politika
Latina: Civilitas
latviešu: Politika
Lëtzebuergesch: Politik
lietuvių: Politika
Ligure: Politica
Limburgs: Polletiek
lingála: Politíki
Livvinkarjala: Politiekku
la .lojban.: plajva
lumbaart: Pulitica
magyar: Politika
मैथिली: राजनीति
македонски: Политика
Malagasy: Politika
മലയാളം: രാഷ്ട്രീയം
मराठी: राजकारण
მარგალური: პოლიტიკა
مصرى: سياسه
مازِرونی: سیاست
Bahasa Melayu: Politik
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Céng-dê
Mirandés: Política
монгол: Улс төр
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နိုင်ငံရေး
Nederlands: Politiek
Nedersaksies: Politiek
नेपाली: राजनीति
नेपाल भाषा: राजनीति
日本語: 政治
Nordfriisk: Politiik
norsk: Politikk
norsk nynorsk: Politikk
Nouormand: Politique
occitan: Politica
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Siyosat
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿਆਸਤ
پنجابی: سیاست
Papiamentu: Polítika
پښتو: واگ
Patois: Palitix
ភាសាខ្មែរ: នយោបាយ
Picard: Politike
Piemontèis: Polìtica
Tok Pisin: Politikis
Plattdüütsch: Politik
polski: Polityka
português: Política
română: Politică
rumantsch: Politica
Runa Simi: Llaqta pusay
русиньскый: Політіка
русский: Политика
саха тыла: Бэлиитикэ
संस्कृतम्: राजनीतिः
sardu: Polìtiga
Scots: Politics
Seeltersk: Politik
shqip: Politika
sicilianu: Pulìtica
slovenčina: Politika
slovenščina: Politika
Soomaaliga: Siyaasad
کوردی: سیاسەت
српски / srpski: Политика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Politika
Basa Sunda: Pulitik
suomi: Politiikka
svenska: Politik
Tagalog: Politika
தமிழ்: அரசியல்
Taqbaylit: Tasertit
татарча/tatarça: Сәясәт
తెలుగు: రాజకీయాలు
тоҷикӣ: Сиёсат
Türkçe: Siyaset
тыва дыл: Политика
українська: Політика
اردو: سیاست
vèneto: Pułìtega
Tiếng Việt: Chính trị
Volapük: Bolit
Võro: Poliitiga
walon: Politike
Winaray: Politika
Wolof: Politig
吴语: 政治
Xitsonga: Politiki
ייִדיש: פאליטיק
Yorùbá: Ìṣèlú
粵語: 政治
Zazaki: Politika
Zeêuws: Politiek
žemaitėška: Puolitėka
中文: 政治
ГӀалгӀай: Политика
Lingua Franca Nova: Politica