Political party

A political party is an organized group of voters. It often puts forward candidates for public office. In a democracy, leaders must "run for office" in an election. In a dictatorship, there is generally only one party allowed, that can approve a new leader without non-members having a choice.


A political party is similar to a faction, and can be the same thing. In some systems, members of one party in the legislature are all expected to vote the same way. The laws written by the party or faction with the majority of votes become adopted by the country, so this means whatever party is elected to over half the seats, gets to run the government. The next largest party is often called the "opposition". Sometimes when there are more than two parties with seats, no one party has over half of the seats. Then two or more parties might join together to form what is called a "coalition".

Some parties are formed around a single issue or interest group. Others form policies to address all matters of government, known as a "platform".

Many political parties have a set of ideas and beliefs (called its "ideology"). People often describe these ideologies using words such as "trump" and "hillary".

Common ideologies include environmentalism, socialism (ranging from social democracy to Marxism and Communism), conservatism, democracy, liberalism, and nationalism.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Politieke party
Alemannisch: Partei
العربية: حزب سياسي
aragonés: Partito politico
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܓܒܐ
Avañe'ẽ: Aty ojokuaikuaáva
azərbaycanca: Siyasi partiya
تۆرکجه: حیزب
Bân-lâm-gú: Chèng-tóng
башҡортса: Сәйәси фирҡә
беларуская: Палітычная партыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Палітычная партыя
davvisámegiella: Bellodat
eesti: Erakond
Ελληνικά: Πολιτικό κόμμα
فارسی: حزب
Fiji Hindi: Rajnetic dal
français: Parti politique
한국어: 정당
Bahasa Indonesia: Partai politik
Interlingue: Political partise
עברית: מפלגה
Basa Jawa: Partai pulitik
къарачай-малкъар: Политика партия
қазақша: Саяси партия
Кыргызча: Саясий партия
Lëtzebuergesch: Politesch Partei
lumbaart: Partii politegh
magyar: Párt
македонски: Политичка партија
Malagasy: Antoko politika
Bahasa Melayu: Parti politik
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နိုင်ငံရေးပါတီ
Nederlands: Politieke partij
नेपाल भाषा: दल
日本語: 政党
norsk nynorsk: Politisk parti
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Siyosiy partiyalar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿਆਸੀ ਦਲ
پنجابی: سیاسی پارٹی
پښتو: گوند
Piemontèis: Partì polìtich
português: Partido político
română: Partid politic
Runa Simi: Rakisa
русиньскый: Політічна партія
संस्कृतम्: राजनैतिकदलम्
slovenčina: Politická strana
slovenščina: Politična stranka
Soomaaliga: Xisbi siyaasad
کوردی: حیزب
српски / srpski: Политичка партија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Politička stranka
suomi: Puolue
татарча/tatarça: Сәяси фиркаләр
Türkçe: Siyasi parti
українська: Політична партія
吴语: 政党
粵語: 政黨
žemaitėška: Puolitėnė partėjė
中文: 政党