Paris

Paris
Seine and Eiffel Tower from Tour Saint Jacques 2013-08.JPG
Arc Triomphe (square).jpgNotre Dame dalla Senna.jpg
Louvre Museum Wikimedia Commons.jpg
Clockwise from top: skyline of Paris on the Seine with the Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame de Paris, the Louvre and its large pyramid, and the Arc de Triomphe
Flag of Paris
Flag
Coat of arms of Paris
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Fluctuat nec mergitur
"Tossed but never sunk"
Paris is located in France
Paris
Paris
Location within Île-de-France region
Paris is located in Île-de-France (region)
Paris
Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567; 2.3508UTC+2 (CEST)
www.paris.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Paris (nicknamed the "City of light") is the capital city of France, and the largest city in France. The area is 105 km2, and around 2.15 million people live there. If suburbs are counted, the population of the Paris area rises to 12 million people.

The Seine river runs through the oldest part of Paris, and divides it into two parts, known as the Left Bank and the Right Bank. It is surrounded by many forests.

Paris is also the center of French economy, politics, traffic and culture. Paris has many art museums and historical buildings. As a traffic center, Paris has a very good underground subway system (called the Metro). It also has two airports. The Metro was built in 1900, and its total length is more than 200 km.

The city has a multi-cultural style, because 20% of the people there are from outside France. There are many different restaurants with all kinds of food. Paris also has some types of pollution like air pollution and light pollution.

History

Julius Caesar conquered the Celtic "Parisii" tribe in 51 BC. The Romans called the place Lutetia of the Parisii, or "Lutetia Parisiorum".[4][5][6] The place got a shorter name, "Paris", in 212 AD.[7]

As the Roman Empire began to fall apart in the West, the Germanic tribe called the Franks moved in, taking it in 464. In 506, their king Clovis I made it his capital. Charlemagne moved his capital to Aachen in Germany, but Paris continued as an important town and was attacked by the Vikings twice. When Hugh Capet became king of France in 987, he again made Paris his capital. For a long time, the kings only controlled Paris and the surrounding area, as much of the rest of France was in the hands of barons or English. During the Hundred Years' War, the English controlled Paris from 1420 to 1437.

During the Protestant Reformation, a huge massacre of French Protestants started there in 1572, called the Saint Bartholomew Day Massacre. Paris saw many other troubles over the years of the "Ancien Régime" (Old Kingdom), then in 1789, the French Revolution began in Paris, leading to more massacres.

Paris was the Capital of the French Empire which, as well as France, covered Spain, Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy, most of Germany and some of Austria, Croatia, Slovenia and Poland. The Empire ruled by Napoleon was from 1804-1814/1815. The Russian army seized Paris from Napoleon in 1814, and the Prussian army captured it in 1871. The next time it was captured was by the Nazi Germans in 1940. The Allies freed the city in 1944 and it has not since been captured.

Other Languages
Acèh: Paris
Адыгэбзэ: Париж
адыгабзэ: Париж
Afrikaans: Parys
Akan: Paris
Alemannisch: Paris
አማርኛ: ፓሪስ
Ænglisc: Paris
العربية: باريس
aragonés: París
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܐܪܝܣ
armãneashti: Parij
arpetan: Paris
asturianu: París
Avañe'ẽ: Parĩ
авар: Париж
Aymar aru: Paris
azərbaycanca: Paris
تۆرکجه: پاریس
bamanankan: Paris
বাংলা: প্যারিস
Bân-lâm-gú: Pa-lí
башҡортса: Париж
беларуская: Парыж
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Парыж
भोजपुरी: पैरिस
Bikol Central: Paris
Bislama: Paris
български: Париж
Boarisch: Paris
བོད་ཡིག: ཕ་རི།
bosanski: Pariz
brezhoneg: Pariz
буряад: Парис
català: París
Чӑвашла: Парис
Cebuano: Paris
čeština: Paříž
Chamoru: Paris
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Paris
Chi-Chewa: Paris
chiShona: Paris
corsu: Parighji
Cymraeg: Paris
dansk: Paris
davvisámegiella: Paris
Deitsch: Paris
Deutsch: Paris
dolnoserbski: Paris
डोटेली: पेरिस
eesti: Pariis
Ελληνικά: Παρίσι
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Parì
English: Paris
эрзянь: Париж ош
español: París
Esperanto: Parizo
estremeñu: París
euskara: Paris
eʋegbe: Paris
فارسی: پاریس
Fiji Hindi: Paris
føroyskt: Paris
français: Paris
Frysk: Parys
Fulfulde: Pari
furlan: Parîs
Gaeilge: Páras
Gaelg: Paarys
Gagauz: Paris
Gàidhlig: Paris
galego: París
ГӀалгӀай: Париж
贛語: 巴黎
گیلکی: پاريس
ગુજરાતી: પેરિસ
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍀𐌰𐍂𐌹𐍃
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Paris
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pâ-lì
Hausa: Paris
Hawaiʻi: Palika
հայերեն: Փարիզ
हिन्दी: पेरिस
hornjoserbsce: Paris
hrvatski: Pariz
Ido: Paris
Ilokano: Paris
Bahasa Indonesia: Paris
interlingua: Paris
Interlingue: Paris
Ирон: Париж
isiZulu: IParisi
íslenska: París
italiano: Parigi
עברית: פריז
Basa Jawa: Paris
Kabɩyɛ: Paarii
kalaallisut: Paris
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪ್ಯಾರಿಸ್
Kapampangan: Paris
къарачай-малкъар: Париж
ქართული: პარიზი
kaszëbsczi: Pariz
қазақша: Париж
kernowek: Paris
Kinyarwanda: Paris
Kirundi: Paris
Kiswahili: Paris
коми: Париж
Kongo: Paris
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pari
kurdî: Parîs
Кыргызча: Париж
кырык мары: Париж
Ladino: Paris
ລາວ: ປາລີ
لۊری شومالی: شٱر پاریس
Latina: Lutetia
latviešu: Parīze
Lëtzebuergesch: Paräis
лезги: Париж
lietuvių: Paryžius
Ligure: Pariggi
Limburgs: Paries
lingála: Pari
Lingua Franca Nova: Paris
Livvinkarjala: Pariižu
la .lojban.: paris
Luganda: Paris
lumbaart: Paris
magyar: Párizs
मैथिली: पेरिस
македонски: Париз
Malagasy: Paris
മലയാളം: പാരിസ്
Malti: Pariġi
Māori: Parī
मराठी: पॅरिस
მარგალური: პარიზი
مصرى: باريس
مازِرونی: پاریس
Bahasa Melayu: Paris
Baso Minangkabau: Paris
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bă-là̤
Mirandés: Paris
монгол: Парис
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပါရီမြို့
Nāhuatl: Paris
Dorerin Naoero: Paris
Nederlands: Parijs
Nedersaksies: Paries
नेपाली: पेरिस
नेपाल भाषा: पेरिस
日本語: パリ
Napulitano: Parigge
нохчийн: Париж
Nordfriisk: Pariis
Norfuk / Pitkern: Paris
norsk: Paris
norsk nynorsk: Paris
Nouormand: Paris
Novial: Paris
occitan: París
олык марий: Париж
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ପ୍ୟାରିସ
Oromoo: Paaris
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Parij
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੈਰਿਸ
پنجابی: پیرس
Papiamentu: Paris
پښتو: پاريس
Patois: Paris
Перем Коми: Париж
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប៉ារីស
Picard: Paris
Piemontèis: Paris
Tok Pisin: Paris
Plattdüütsch: Paris
polski: Paryż
Ποντιακά: Παρίσι
português: Paris
Qaraqalpaqsha: Parij
qırımtatarca: Paris
reo tahiti: Paris
română: Paris
Romani: Paris
rumantsch: Paris
Runa Simi: Paris
русиньскый: Паріж
русский: Париж
саха тыла: Париж
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱯᱮᱨᱤᱥ
Gagana Samoa: Pale
Sängö: Paris
sardu: Parigi
Scots: Paris
Seeltersk: Paris (Stääd)
Sesotho: Paris
shqip: Parisi
sicilianu: Pariggi
සිංහල: පැරිස්
سنڌي: پيرس
slovenčina: Paríž
slovenščina: Pariz
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Парижь
ślůnski: Paryż
Soomaaliga: Baariis
کوردی: پاریس
Sranantongo: Paris
српски / srpski: Париз
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pariz
Basa Sunda: Paris
suomi: Pariisi
svenska: Paris
Tagalog: Paris
தமிழ்: பாரிஸ்
Taqbaylit: Paris (Fransa)
tarandíne: Parigge
татарча/tatarça: Париж
తెలుగు: పారిస్
tetun: París
ไทย: ปารีส
тоҷикӣ: Порис
Tsetsêhestâhese: Paris
Türkçe: Paris
Türkmençe: Pariž
Twi: Paris
тыва дыл: Париж
удмурт: Париж
українська: Париж
اردو: پیرس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: پارىژ
Vahcuengh: Bahliz
vèneto: Parixe
vepsän kel’: Pariž
Tiếng Việt: Paris
Volapük: Paris
Võro: Pariis
walon: Paris
文言: 巴黎
West-Vlams: Parys
Winaray: Paris
Wolof: Pari
吴语: 巴黎
ייִדיש: פאריז
Yorùbá: Parisi
粵語: 巴黎
Zazaki: Paris
Zeêuws: Paries
žemaitėška: Parīžios
中文: 巴黎