Panama Canal

Map of old Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is a waterway (a canal) in the country of Panama in Central America, that connects the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Because of the way Panama twists, the entrance to the Pacific Ocean is farther east than the entrance to the Atlantic Ocean. This is the opposite of what one would expect.

The Panama Canal is 77  km (48 miles) long and cuts across the Isthmus of Panama. At each end it uses three pairs of locks for lifting and lowering ships on different water levels. This saves ships 15,000 km (10,000 miles) compared to going around South America. Each year, about 14,000 ships come through the canal. By 2002, around 800,000 ships came through.

The locks are 110 ft (33.53 m) wide by 1,050 ft (320 m) long, with a usable length of 1,000 ft (305 m). The biggest ships that can go through the Panama Canal are called Panamax. New locks opened in 2016 to allow ships more than twice as big, called New Panamax. They are 55 m (180 ft) wide bay 427 m (1,400 ft) long, and 18.3 m (60.0 ft) deep.

Ferdinand de Lesseps tried building a Panama Canal in 1880, but couldn't finish it. The project was started again in 1904 by the United States, under the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, who spent ten years and 375 million dollars building it. The Panama Canal was finally finished in 1914, but at the cost of approximately 25,000 lives.


  • other websites

Other websites

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Panamakanaal
Alemannisch: Panamakanal
العربية: قناة بنما
aragonés: Canal de Panamá
অসমীয়া: পানামা খাল
asturianu: Canal de Panamá
azərbaycanca: Panama kanalı
Bân-lâm-gú: Panama Ūn-hô
башҡортса: Панама каналы
беларуская: Панамскі канал
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Панамскі канал
भोजपुरी: पनामा नहर
български: Панамски канал
Boarisch: Panamakanal
bosanski: Panamski kanal
brezhoneg: Kanol Panamá
Cymraeg: Camlas Panama
Deutsch: Panamakanal
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޕެނަމާ ކެނަލް
Ελληνικά: Διώρυγα Παναμά
English: Panama Canal
Esperanto: Panama kanalo
Fiji Hindi: Panama Canal
føroyskt: Panamaveitin
français: Canal de Panama
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Panama Yun-hò
한국어: 파나마 운하
हिन्दी: पनामा नहर
hrvatski: Panamski kanal
Ilokano: Kanal Panama
Bahasa Indonesia: Terusan Panama
interlingua: Canal de Panama
עברית: תעלת פנמה
Basa Jawa: Terusan Panama
къарачай-малкъар: Панама илипин
ქართული: პანამის არხი
Кыргызча: Панама каналы
latviešu: Panamas kanāls
Lëtzebuergesch: Panamakanal
lietuvių: Panamos kanalas
Limburgs: Panamaknaal
lumbaart: Canal de Panama
македонски: Панамски Канал
മലയാളം: പനാമ കനാൽ
Bahasa Melayu: Terusan Panama
Baso Minangkabau: Tarusan Panama
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Panama Ông-ò̤
Nederlands: Panamakanaal
नेपाली: पानामा नहर
नेपाल भाषा: पनामा नहर
日本語: パナマ運河
norsk nynorsk: Panamakanalen
олык марий: Панама канал
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Panama kanali
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਨਾਮਾ ਨਹਿਰ
پنجابی: نہر پانامہ
Piemontèis: Canal ëd Panamà
português: Canal do Panamá
română: Canalul Panama
русиньскый: Панамскый канал
Seeltersk: Panamakanoal
slovenčina: Panamský prieplav
slovenščina: Panamski prekop
Soomaaliga: Kanaalka Banama
српски / srpski: Панамски канал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Panamski kanal
svenska: Panamakanalen
tarandíne: Canale de Panama
татарча/tatarça: Panama kanalı
Türkçe: Panama Kanalı
Türkmençe: Panama kanaly
українська: Панамський канал
vepsän kel’: Panaman kanal
Tiếng Việt: Kênh đào Panama
Yorùbá: Ìladò Panamá
Zeêuws: Panamakanaol
žemaitėška: Panamas kanals