Pan-Arabism

League of Arab States

Pan Arabism is a political movement and belief system that promotes the idea that all Arabs should unite to form one country or state. The idea of Pan Arabism was first created during the late 1800s and early 1900s.[1] Pan Arabism’s popularity grew throughout the early 1900s, and in the 1950s Middle Eastern leaders, including Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser, became major supporters of the Pan-Arab movement.  Pan Arabists generally believe that all countries with Arab populations should come together or unify and that Western powers, like the United States or Great Britain, should not have any political power or influence in North Africa or the Arabian Peninsula.[2]

Origin & Development

During the late 1800s, the Ottoman Empire controlled most of the Middle East. The Middle East, at the time, was very diverse. Many different ethnic and cultural groups of people lived in the region. By 1900, the Ottoman Empire was in decline and many of the different groups of people living in the Empire wanted to form independent governments managed by people living within their own communities. [3]

One group that began to form their own ideas about a self-governed or self determined community were Arabs. Many educated Arab students and professors working at universities, like Al-Azhar University, began to publish magazines and form clubs promoting the idea of a unified Arab community or nation. [4] These ideas became very popular across Arab regions of the former Ottoman Empire. By 1913, Arab organizations from all around the Middle East met to form the first Arab Congress in Paris, France. At the Congress, Arabs from around the Ottoman Empire discussed the possibility of freeing themselves from the Ottoman Empire and establishing Arab-governed countries. [5]

The Ottoman Empire responded to the Arab Congress by punishing Arab nationalists. In some territories of the Ottoman Empire, Arab nationalists were put in jail and even killed for their activities. [6]

During World War One, many Arab groups support the Allied powers’ military campaign against the Ottoman Empire. At the end of World War I, the Ottoman Empire collapsed, and the Allied Powers met together to decide what would happen to the territory formerly under Ottoman control. Despite supporting the Allies during the war, many Arab countries were not granted their freedom by the Allies. Still eager to gain Independence, Arabs living in occupied countries began to form ideas about what a free Arab state would look like. These ideas would eventually become the backbone of Pan Arabism. [7]

Other Languages
العربية: وحدة عربية
aragonés: Panarabismo
български: Панарабизъм
català: Panarabisme
čeština: Panarabismus
Deutsch: Panarabismus
eesti: Panarabism
Ελληνικά: Παναραβισμός
English: Pan-Arabism
español: Panarabismo
Esperanto: Tutarabismo
euskara: Panarabismo
français: Panarabisme
한국어: 범아랍주의
hrvatski: Panarabizam
italiano: Panarabismo
ქართული: პანარაბიზმი
қазақша: Панарабизм
latviešu: Panarābisms
مصرى: العروبه
Nederlands: Panarabisme
occitan: Panarabisme
polski: Panarabizm
português: Pan-arabismo
русский: Панарабизм
slovenčina: Panarabské hnutie
српски / srpski: Панарабизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Panarabizam
svenska: Panarabism
Türkçe: Pan Arabizm
українська: Панарабізм