Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان
Islāmī Jumhūrī-ye Pākistān
State Emblem of Pakistan
State Emblem
Motto: Unity, Discipline, Faith
(Urdu: اتحاد، تنظيم، يقين مُحکم‎)
Ittehad, Tanzeem, Yaqeen-e-Muhkam
Area controlled by Pakistan in dark red; claimed and disputed but uncontrolled territory marked in light red
Area controlled by Pakistan in dark red;claimed and disputed but uncontrolled territory marked in light red
CapitalIslamabad
Largest cityKarachi
Official languagesUrdu[1] (National)
English
Recognised regional languagesBalochi, Pashto, Punjabi, Saraiki, Sindhi[2]
DemonymPakistani
GovernmentFederal Parliamentary republic
Arif Alvi (PTI)
Imran Khan (PTI)
Saqib Nisar
Sadiq Sanjarani (Independent)
Ayaz Sadiq (PML-N)
LegislatureMajlis-e-Shoora
Senate
National Assembly
Formation
28 January 1933
23 March 1940
from the United Kingdom
14 August 1947
23 March 1956
Area
• Total
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi) (33th)
• Water (%)
3.1
Population
• 2014 estimate
199,085,847[3] (6th)
• 1998 census
132,352,279[4]
• Density
214.3/km2 (555.0/sq mi) (55th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$482.913 billion[5]
• Per capita
$2,851[5]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$202.831 billion[5]
• Per capita
$1,197[5]
Gini (2005)31.2
medium
HDI (2011)Increase 0.504[6]
low · 145th
CurrencyPakistani Rupee (Rs.) (PKR)
Time zonePST (UTC+5)
• Summer (DST)
PDT (UTC+6)
Drives on theleft[7]
Calling code92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD.pk

Pakistan is a country in southern Asia. It is next to India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. It is officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south. Pakistan has the fifth largest population (207.77 million) in the world. Pakistan has a total land area of 880,940 km2 (340,130 sq mi) (including the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan). This makes Pakistan the 34th largest country in the world. Pakistan has the seventh largest army in the world. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. Before 1960, it was Karachi, which is now the country's largest city.

The name Pākistān means Land of the Pure in Persian and Urdu.

Name of Pakistan

The name Pakistan (English pronunciation: n/ (About this sound listen) or n/ (About this sound listen); Urdu: پاکستان‎  [paːkɪˈst̪aːn]) means Land of (the) Spiritually Pure in both Urdu and Persian languages. Many South-central Asian states and regions end with the element -stan, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Baluchistan, Kurdistan, and Turkistan. This -stan is formed from the Iranian root *STA "to stand, stay," and means "place (where one stays), home, country". Iranian peoples have been the principal inhabitants of the various geographical region of the Ancient Persian Empires now occupied by the states for over a thousand years. The names are compounds of - stan and the name of the peoples living there. Pakistan is a bit of an exception; its name was coined on the 28th January 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his paper Now or Never.[8] by using the suffix -istan from Baluchistan preceded by the initial letters of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh. The name is actually an acronym that stands for the "thirty million Muslim brethren who lived in Pakistan—by which we mean the Five Northern units of India viz: Punjab, (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan".[9] The letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation and forms the linguistically correct and meaningful name.[10] Most notably interestingly, a word almost identical in form, etymology, and meaning to the Iranian suffix -stan is found in Polish, which has a word stan meaning "state" (in the senses of both polity and condition). It can be found in the example of a Polish name for the "United States of America," Stany Zjednoczone Ameryki (literally "States United of America").

Other Languages
Acèh: Pakistan
Адыгэбзэ: Пакистэн
адыгабзэ: Пакистан
Afrikaans: Pakistan
Alemannisch: Pakistan
አማርኛ: ፓኪስታን
Ænglisc: Pacistan
العربية: باكستان
aragonés: Pakistán
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܐܩܣܛܐܢ
arpetan: Paquistan
অসমীয়া: পাকিস্তান
asturianu: Paquistán
Avañe'ẽ: Pakistán
azərbaycanca: Pakistan
تۆرکجه: پاکیستان
Bahasa Banjar: Pakistan
Bân-lâm-gú: Pakistan
башҡортса: Пакистан
беларуская: Пакістан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пакістан
भोजपुरी: पाकिस्तान
Bikol Central: Pakistan
български: Пакистан
Boarisch: Pakistan
བོད་ཡིག: པ་ཀི་སི་ཐན
bosanski: Pakistan
brezhoneg: Pakistan
буряад: Пакистан
català: Pakistan
Чӑвашла: Пакистан
Cebuano: Pakistan
čeština: Pákistán
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Pakistan
chiShona: Pakistan
chiTumbuka: Pakistan
Cymraeg: Pacistan
dansk: Pakistan
davvisámegiella: Pakistan
Deitsch: Pakistan
Deutsch: Pakistan
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޕާކިސްތާން
dolnoserbski: Pakistan
eesti: Pakistan
Ελληνικά: Πακιστάν
English: Pakistan
español: Pakistán
Esperanto: Pakistano
estremeñu: Paquistán
euskara: Pakistan
فارسی: پاکستان
Fiji Hindi: Pakistan
føroyskt: Pakistan
français: Pakistan
Frysk: Pakistan
Gagauz: Pakistan
Gàidhlig: Pagastàn
galego: Paquistán
贛語: 巴基斯坦
Gĩkũyũ: Pakistan
ગુજરાતી: પાકિસ્તાન
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: पाकिस्तान
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pakistan
한국어: 파키스탄
Hausa: Pakistan
Hawaiʻi: Pakitana
հայերեն: Պակիստան
हिन्दी: पाकिस्तान
hornjoserbsce: Pakistan
hrvatski: Pakistan
Ilokano: Pakistan
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: পাকিস্তান
Bahasa Indonesia: Pakistan
interlingua: Pakistan
Interlingue: Pakistan
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐸᑭᔅᑕᓐ
isiZulu: IPakistani
íslenska: Pakistan
italiano: Pakistan
עברית: פקיסטן
Basa Jawa: Pakistan
kalaallisut: Pakistan
Kapampangan: Pakistan
ქართული: პაკისტანი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: پاکِستان
kaszëbsczi: Pakistan
қазақша: Пәкістан
kernowek: Pakistan
Kinyarwanda: Pakisitani
Kiswahili: Pakistan
Kongo: Pakistan
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pakistan
kurdî: Pakistan
Кыргызча: Пакистан
Ladino: Pakistan
лезги: Пакистан
لۊری شومالی: پاکستان
Latina: Pakistania
latviešu: Pakistāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Pakistan
lietuvių: Pakistanas
Ligure: Pakistan
Limburgs: Pakistan
lingála: Pakistáni
Livvinkarjala: Pakistuanu
la .lojban.: kisygu'e
lumbaart: Pakistan
magyar: Pakisztán
मैथिली: पाकिस्तान
македонски: Пакистан
Malagasy: Pakistàna
മലയാളം: പാകിസ്താൻ
Malti: Pakistan
Māori: Pakitāne
მარგალური: პაკისტანი
مصرى: باكستان
مازِرونی: پاکستون
Bahasa Melayu: Pakistan
Baso Minangkabau: Pakistan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Pakistan
Mirandés: Paquistan
мокшень: Пакистан
монгол: Пакистан
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပါကစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Paquistan
Dorerin Naoero: Pakistan
Nederlands: Pakistan
Nedersaksies: Pakistan
नेपाली: पाकिस्तान
नेपाल भाषा: पाकिस्तान
日本語: パキスタン
Napulitano: Pakistan
нохчийн: Пакистан
Nordfriisk: Pakistaan
Norfuk / Pitkern: Pakistaan
norsk: Pakistan
norsk nynorsk: Pakistan
Novial: Pakistan
occitan: Paquistan
олык марий: Пакистан
Oromoo: Paakistaan
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pokiston
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਾਕਿਸਤਾਨ
پنجابی: پاکستان
Papiamentu: Pakistan
پښتو: پاکستان
Patois: Pakistan
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប៉ាគីស្ថាន
Picard: Pakistan
Piemontèis: Pakistan
Tok Pisin: Pakistan
Plattdüütsch: Pakistan
polski: Pakistan
português: Paquistão
Qaraqalpaqsha: Pakistan
qırımtatarca: Pakistan
română: Pakistan
Romani: Pakistan
Runa Simi: Pakistan
русиньскый: Пакістан
русский: Пакистан
саха тыла: Пакистан
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ
Gagana Samoa: Pakisitana
संस्कृतम्: पाकिस्थानम्
Scots: Pakistan
Seeltersk: Pakistan
Sesotho sa Leboa: Pakistan
shqip: Pakistani
sicilianu: Pakistan
سنڌي: پاڪستان
SiSwati: IPhakhistani
slovenčina: Pakistan
slovenščina: Pakistan
ślůnski: Pakistan
Soomaaliga: Bakistaan
کوردی: پاکستان
Sranantongo: Pakistan
српски / srpski: Пакистан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pakistan
Basa Sunda: Pakistan
suomi: Pakistan
svenska: Pakistan
Tagalog: Pakistan
Taqbaylit: Pakistan
tarandíne: Pakistan
తెలుగు: పాకిస్తాన్
tetun: Pakistaun
ትግርኛ: ፓኪስታን
тоҷикӣ: Покистон
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏆᎩᏍᏖᏂ
Türkçe: Pakistan
Türkmençe: Päkistan
удмурт: Пакистан
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Pakistan
українська: Пакистан
اردو: پاکستان
Vahcuengh: Pakistan
vèneto: Pakistan
vepsän kel’: Pakistan
Tiếng Việt: Pakistan
Volapük: Pakistän
Võro: Pakistan
walon: Pakistan
文言: 巴基斯坦
West-Vlams: Pakistan
Winaray: Pakistan
Wolof: Pakistaan
吴语: 巴基斯坦
ייִדיש: פאקיסטאן
Yorùbá: Pakístàn
粵語: 巴基斯坦
Zazaki: Pakıstan
Zeêuws: Pakistan
žemaitėška: Pakėstans
中文: 巴基斯坦
डोटेली: पाकिस्तान
ГӀалгӀай: Пакистан
Kabɩyɛ: Pakisitaanɩ
Lingua Franca Nova: Pacistan