Old English

Old English
Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc
Region England (except the extreme southwest and northwest), southern and eastern Scotland, and the eastern fringes of modern Wales.
Era mostly developed into Middle English by the 13th century
Language family
Indo-European
  • Germanic
    • West Germanic
      • Ingvaeonic?
        • Anglo-Frisian
          • Old English
Dialects
Kentish
Mercian
Northumbrian
West Saxon
Writing system Runic, later Latin ( Old English alphabet).
Language codes
ISO 639-2 ang
ISO 639-3 ang

The Old English language, often called Anglo-Saxon, was spoken in England from 450 AD to 1100 AD. It was spoken by the Anglo-Saxons who came to England from what is now Germany and Denmark.

Old English is very different from Modern English; it has many more Germanic words. It was rarely written down, and when written it was in runes. This is an alphabet completely different from the Latin alphabet used for English today. Old English grammar is difficult, and close to Old German. Latin was used by churchmen like the venerable Bede. Old English gradually turned into Middle English after the Norman Conquest of 1066.

Beowulf is written in Old English in an alphabetic script.


Old English comparison
language wordlist
English apple path eat tide make child give day
Old English æppel pæþ etan tid macian cild giefan dæg
German Apfel Pfad essen Zeit machen  Kind geben Tag
Other Languages
Ænglisc: Ænglisc spræc
asturianu: Inglés antiguu
Bân-lâm-gú: Kó͘ Eng-gí
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Стараангельская мова
brezhoneg: Hensaozneg
català: Anglès antic
čeština: Staroangličtina
Deutsch: Altenglisch
English: Old English
français: Vieil anglais
Frysk: Aldingelsk
한국어: 고대 영어
Հայերեն: Հին անգլերեն
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Inggris Kuno
íslenska: Fornenska
latviešu: Senangļu valoda
Limburgs: Aajdingels
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Inggeris Kuno
Nederlands: Oudengels
日本語: 古英語
norsk nynorsk: Gammalengelsk
occitan: Anglosaxon
Plattdüütsch: Angelsassische Sprake
português: Inglês antigo
slovenčina: Anglosaština
slovenščina: Stara angleščina
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Staroengleski jezik
svenska: Fornengelska
Türkçe: Eski İngilizce
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Anh cổ
West-Vlams: Oudiengels
粵語: 古英文
中文: 古英语