Norway

Kingdom of Norway
Kongeriket Norge (Bokmål)
Kongeriket Noreg (Nynorsk)
Coat of arms of Norway
Coat of arms
Motto: Royal: Alt for Norge
("Everything for Norway")
1814 Eidsvoll oath: Enig og tro til Dovre faller
("United and loyal until the mountains of Dovre crumble")
Anthem: Ja, vi elsker dette landet
("Yes, we love this country")
Royal anthemKongesangen
("The King's Song")
Norway  (dark green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Oslo
Official languagesNorwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk)
Recognised regional languagesNorthern Sami, Lule Sami, Kven and Southern Sami
Ethnic groups81% Norwegians,[1] 2% Sami,[2] 17% other[1]
DemonymNorwegian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
• King
King Harald V
Erna Solberg (H)
• President of the Storting
Olemic Thommessen (H)
• Chief Justice
Tore Schei
• Current coalition
Conservative Coalition
LegislatureStorting
Establishment
• Unification
872
• Constitution
17 May 1814
• Dissolution of union with Sweden
7 June 1905
• Restoration from German occupation
8 May 1945
Area
• Total
385,170 km2 (148,710 sq mi) (67th1)
• Water (%)
6.03
Population
• 2014 estimate
5,505,900 (116th)
• 2001 census
4,858,200
• Density
13.26/km2 (34.3/sq mi) (213th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$255.285 billion[3]
• Per capita
$52,012[3]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$414.462 billion[3]
• Per capita
$84,443[3]
Gini (2000)25.8
low · 5th
HDI (2013)Increase 0.944[4]
very high · 1st
CurrencyNorwegian krone (NOK)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code47
ISO 3166 codeNO
Internet TLD.no2
  1. Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen. (Without these two areas, the area of Norway is 323,802 km2, placing it 67th in the world.[5])
  2. Two more TLDs have been assigned, but to date not used: .sj for Svalbard and Jan Mayen; .bv for Bouvet Island.
  3. This percentage is for the mainland and also includes glaciers[6]

Norway is a country in the north of Europe. It is the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula. The mainland of Norway is surrounded by a coast on the west side and borders Russia, Finland, and Sweden to the east. The coast touches the Oslofjord, Skagerrak, and the North Sea.

The Monarchy of Norway has been independent since 1814. Its head of state is a king - Harald the 5th (as of 2017). The national day is May 17, which celebrates Norway's constitution of 1814. The parliament is called Stortinget and its members are elected by the people every 4 years.

About 5 million people live in Norway. The capital is the city of Oslo.

Norwegian is the national language. There are two official written versions of Norwegian called Bokmål and Nynorsk.

The Northern Sami language is spoken by around 90% of those who speak one of Norway's 3 Sami languages.[8] Northern Sami is also an official language in a number of municipalities.

History

The battle of Hafrsfjord (872 A.D.) resulted in small kingdoms becoming one larger kingdom, ruled by Harald Fairhair. After the king's death, again there were smaller kingdoms, inside Norway.[9]

Stockfish (or fish that has been freeze- dried, outside in cold weather) has been traded and exported; this happened as early as either the 9th century,[10] 10th century, or 11th century until 1066.[11] Other sources say that the exporting was happening as early as the 12th century; stockfish is one of the country's oldest [type of] things to be sold for export.[11]

In 1349 half of the Norwegian people died, getting sick from the bubonic plague (or Black Death).

When a Norwegian king died in 1387, there was no Norwegian king until the 20th century.

In 1397, Denmark, Norway and Sweden began the Kalmar Union.

The first [known] map, where Norway is drawn, was made in 1482.[12][13]

Sweden left the Kalmar Union in 1523. From 1536/1537, Denmark and Norway formed a personal union that by 1660 became the state called Denmark–Norway; Norway was the weaker part of the union with Denmark. That union lasted until 1814,[14][15] when the Treaty of Kiel said that Norway be ceded (or given) to Sweden; Denmark did not cede the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland

The Norwegian constitution was written in 1814 and signed on 17th May that year. However, Denmark, on the losing side of the Napoleon wars, lost Norway to Sweden, on the winning side.

A Swedish–Norwegian War (en) started on 26 July 1814. It ended on 14 August, because of an agreement, called the Convention of Moss.

The union with Sweden: It started on 14 August 1814, when the Convention of Moss (en) was signed;[16] the union went on for 90 years.

The results of the election in 1882, led to parlamentarism becoming part of Norway's political system; the votes of the "swamp men" decided the outcome of the election; they included teachers, artists and craftsmen who were not poor but also did not own land; ownership of land or a contract to use land was necessary to get voting rights; the "swamp men" had bough cheap land which was nearly useless, except for getting a right to vote.[17]

The right to vote in [ national and local ] elections, was given to the public (or the general public) in 1898.[18]

The end of the Union of Sweden and Norway, was on 7 June 1905, when Norway got its independence.

In 1905 Prince Carl of Denmark was elected King of Norway. His name as a king, was King Haakon VII.

In World War I, Norway was neutral and served as a trading nation.

Norway tried to stay neutral in World War II, but was occupied by German forces from 9 April 1940 to 8 May 1945.

Norway became a member of NATO.

Oil was found in Norway's part of the North Sea, during the 1960s; the oil was found under the sea floor.

Royal family since 1905

King Haakon VII was already married, before he came to Norway (in 1905). His wife, Princess Maud, became Queen Maud. Their son, Prince Alexander of Denmark, became Crown Prince Olav and followed after his father as King Olav V in 1957. Olav and his wife, Crown Princess Märtha, had three children; Princess Ragnhild, Princess Astrid and Prince Harald (later Crown Prince Harald and in 1991 he followed his father as King Harald V).

King Harald is the first king born in Norway in over 600 years. He has two children; Princess Märtha Louise and Crown Prince Haakon Magnus.

Other Languages
Acèh: Norwègia
Адыгэбзэ: Норуегиэ
адыгабзэ: Норвегие
Afrikaans: Noorweë
Akan: Norway
Alemannisch: Norwegen
አማርኛ: ኖርዌይ
Ænglisc: Norþweg
Аҧсшәа: Норвегиа
العربية: النرويج
aragonés: Noruega
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܢܘܪܒܝܓ
armãneashti: Norveghia
arpetan: Norvèg·e
asturianu: Noruega
Avañe'ẽ: Noruega
Aymar aru: Nurweka
azərbaycanca: Norveç
تۆرکجه: نوروژ
bamanankan: Norwij
বাংলা: নরওয়ে
Bahasa Banjar: Norwegia
Bân-lâm-gú: Lo̍k-ui
Basa Banyumasan: Norwegia
башҡортса: Норвегия
беларуская: Нарвегія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нарвэгія
भोजपुरी: नार्वे
Bikol Central: Norwey
Bislama: Norway
български: Норвегия
Boarisch: Norwegn
བོད་ཡིག: ནོར་ཝེ།
bosanski: Norveška
brezhoneg: Norvegia
буряад: Норвеги
català: Noruega
Чӑвашла: Норвеги
Cebuano: Noruwega
čeština: Norsko
Chamoru: Norge
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Noruega
Chi-Chewa: Norge
chiShona: Norway
chiTumbuka: Norway
corsu: Nurvegia
Cymraeg: Norwy
dansk: Norge
davvisámegiella: Norga
Deitsch: Norwegen
Deutsch: Norwegen
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނޯވޭ
dolnoserbski: Norwegska
डोटेली: नर्वे
ཇོང་ཁ: ནོ་ཝེ་
eesti: Norra
Ελληνικά: Νορβηγία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Nurvégia
English: Norway
español: Noruega
Esperanto: Norvegio
estremeñu: Noruega
euskara: Norvegia
eʋegbe: Norway
فارسی: نروژ
Fiji Hindi: Norway
føroyskt: Noreg
français: Norvège
Frysk: Noarwegen
Fulfulde: Norwees
furlan: Norvegje
Gaeilge: An Iorua
Gaelg: Norlynn
Gagauz: Norvegiya
Gàidhlig: Nirribhidh
galego: Noruega
ГӀалгӀай: Норгиче
贛語: 挪威
Gĩkũyũ: Nowĩ
ગુજરાતી: નોર્વે
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: नॉर्वे
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nò-vî
한국어: 노르웨이
Hausa: Norway
Hawaiʻi: Nolewai
հայերեն: Նորվեգիա
हिन्दी: नॉर्वे
hornjoserbsce: Norwegska
hrvatski: Norveška
Igbo: Norway
Ilokano: Norwega
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নরৱে
Bahasa Indonesia: Norwegia
interlingua: Norvegia
Interlingue: Norvegia
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓄᕐᒋ/nurgi
Iñupiak: Norge
Ирон: Норвеги
isiZulu: INoki
íslenska: Noregur
italiano: Norvegia
עברית: נורווגיה
Basa Jawa: Nurwègen
kalaallisut: Norge
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನಾರ್ವೇ
Kapampangan: Norwega
къарачай-малкъар: Норвегия
ქართული: ნორვეგია
kaszëbsczi: Norweskô
қазақша: Норвегия
kernowek: Norgagh
Kinyarwanda: Noruveje
Kirundi: Norway
Kiswahili: Norwei
Kongo: Norge
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nòvèj
kurdî: Norwêc
Кыргызча: Норвегия
кырык мары: Норвеги
Ladino: Norvejia
لۊری شومالی: نورڤئج
latgaļu: Norvegeja
Latina: Norvegia
latviešu: Norvēģija
Lëtzebuergesch: Norwegen
лезги: Норвегия
lietuvių: Norvegija
Ligure: Norveggia
Limburgs: Noorwege
lingála: Norvej
Lingua Franca Nova: Noria
Livvinkarjala: Norviegii
la .lojban.: noreg
Luganda: Noowe
lumbaart: Nurvegia
magyar: Norvégia
मैथिली: नार्वे
македонски: Норвешка
Malagasy: Norvezy
മലയാളം: നോർവെ
Malti: Norveġja
Māori: Nōwei
मराठी: नॉर्वे
მარგალური: ნორვეგია
مصرى: النرويج
مازِرونی: نروژ
Bahasa Melayu: Norway
Baso Minangkabau: Norwegia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nò̤-ŭi
Mirandés: Noruega
мокшень: Норвегие
монгол: Норвеги
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နော်ဝေနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Noruega
Dorerin Naoero: Norwei
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Norge
Nederlands: Noorwegen
Nedersaksies: Noorwegen
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: Norway
नेपाली: नर्वे
नेपाल भाषा: नर्वे
日本語: ノルウェー
Napulitano: Norvegia
нохчийн: Норвеги
Nordfriisk: Norweegen
Norfuk / Pitkern: Norwaii
norsk: Norge
norsk nynorsk: Noreg
Nouormand: Norouague
Novial: Norvegia
occitan: Norvègia
олык марий: Норвегий
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନରୱେ
Oromoo: Noorwey
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Norvegiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਾਰਵੇ
पालि: नार्वे
Pälzisch: Norwegen
پنجابی: ناروے
Papiamentu: Noruega
پښتو: ناروې
Patois: Naawie
Перем Коми: Норвег
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប្រទេសន័រវេ
Picard: Norvège
Piemontèis: Norvegia
Tok Pisin: Nowe
Plattdüütsch: Norwegen
polski: Norwegia
Ποντιακά: Νορβηγία
português: Noruega
Qaraqalpaqsha: Norvegiya
qırımtatarca: Norvegiya
reo tahiti: Noruvetia
Ripoarisch: Norweje
română: Norvegia
Romani: Norvejiya
rumantsch: Norvegia
Runa Simi: Nurwiga
русиньскый: Норьско
русский: Норвегия
саха тыла: Норвегия
Gagana Samoa: Nouei
संस्कृतम्: नार्वे
Sängö: Nörvêzi
sardu: Norvegia
Scots: Norawa
Seeltersk: Norwegen
Sesotho: Norge
Sesotho sa Leboa: Norge
Setswana: Norway
shqip: Norvegjia
sicilianu: Norveggia
සිංහල: නෝර්වේ
SiSwati: INoweyi
slovenčina: Nórsko
slovenščina: Norveška
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Норєгъ
ślůnski: Norwygijo
Soomaaliga: Norway
کوردی: نەرویژ
Sranantongo: Norvegikondre
српски / srpski: Норвешка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Norveška
Basa Sunda: Norwégia
suomi: Norja
svenska: Norge
Tagalog: Noruwega
தமிழ்: நோர்வே
Taqbaylit: Nuṛwij
tarandíne: Norveggie
татарча/tatarça: Норвегия
తెలుగు: నార్వే
tetun: Noruega
тоҷикӣ: Норвеж
lea faka-Tonga: Noaue
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏃᏪ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Norway
Tshivenda: Norge
Türkçe: Norveç
Türkmençe: Norwegiýa
Twi: Nɔwei
тыва дыл: Норвегия
удмурт: Норвегия
українська: Норвегія
اردو: ناروے
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نورۋېگىيە
Vahcuengh: Nozveih
vèneto: Norveja
vepsän kel’: Norvegii
Tiếng Việt: Na Uy
Volapük: Norgän
Võro: Norra
walon: Norvedje
文言: 挪威
West-Vlams: Nôorweegn
Winaray: Noruega
Wolof: Noorwees
吴语: 挪威
Xitsonga: Norge
ייִדיש: נארוועגיע
Yorùbá: Nọ́rwèy
粵語: 挪威
Zazaki: Norwec
Zeêuws: Noorwegen
žemaitėška: Nuorvegėjė
中文: 挪威