Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize explained in a nutshell

Every year, the Nobel Prizes (Swedish: Nobelpriset) are given to people and institutions around the world. These prizes are for the study of science and for world peace. The science prizes include Literature, Science, and Medicine. The Nobel Prize was started by Alfred Nobel. His 1895 testament gave money for the Prizes. The Nobel Foundation now controls the money. The Foundation asks different committees or academies to decide who receives the prizes. For many people, a Nobel Prize is a very great honor.[1] People who receive a Nobel Prize are called "Nobel laureates".

Each prize winner gets a medal, a diploma and a sum of money.[2] In 1901, the winners of the first Nobel Prizes were given 150,782 SEK. This is same as 7,731,004 SEK in December 2007. In 2008, the winners were awarded a prize of 10,000,000 SEK.[3] The awards are presented in Stockholm, Sweden, in a ceremony on December 10. This day is the anniversary of Nobel's death.[4]

Prize categories and winners

These are the committees and institutions who decide which people receive a Nobel Prize:

The Nobel Prize in Economics was not a part of Nobel's will. It was started in 1969 by Sveriges Riksbank, the Bank of Sweden. The bank donated money to the Nobel Foundation for the Economics Prize in 1968. The Economics Studies Prize is in the memory of Alfred Nobel. It is awarded each year with the other Nobel prizes.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nobelprys
Alemannisch: Nobelpreis
العربية: جائزة نوبل
aragonés: Premio Nobel
অসমীয়া: ন'বেল বঁটা
asturianu: Premios Nobel
azərbaycanca: Nobel mükafatı
Bân-lâm-gú: Nobel Chióng
башҡортса: Нобель премияһы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нобэлеўская прэмія
Bikol Central: Nobel Prize
Boarisch: Nobelpreis
brezhoneg: Priz Nobel
català: Premi Nobel
čeština: Nobelova cena
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Premyo Nobel
Cymraeg: Gwobr Nobel
Deutsch: Nobelpreis
Ελληνικά: Βραβείο Νόμπελ
English: Nobel Prize
español: Premio Nobel
Esperanto: Nobel-premio
euskara: Nobel Sariak
Fiji Hindi: Nobel Prize
français: Prix Nobel
Frysk: Nobelpriis
furlan: Premi Nobel
Gaeilge: Duais Nobel
Gàidhlig: Duais Nobel
贛語: 諾貝爾獎
Gĩkũyũ: Kĩheo ya Nobero
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: नोबॅल पुरस्कार
한국어: 노벨상
Ilokano: Premio Nobel
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নোবেল পুরস্কার
Bahasa Indonesia: Penghargaan Nobel
interlingua: Premio Nobel
italiano: Premio Nobel
עברית: פרס נובל
Basa Jawa: Bebungah Nobel
Kabɩyɛ: Prix Nobel
къарачай-малкъар: Нобелни премиясы
kaszëbsczi: Nôdgroda Nobla
Kiswahili: Tuzo ya Nobel
Кыргызча: Нобель сыйлыгы
لۊری شومالی: جاییزأ نوبل
latviešu: Nobela prēmija
Lëtzebuergesch: Nobelpräis
lietuvių: Nobelio premija
Limburgs: Nobelpries
Lingua Franca Nova: Premio Nobel
Livvinkarjala: Nobel-palkindo
magyar: Nobel-díj
македонски: Нобелова награда
Malagasy: Loka Nobel
მარგალური: ნობელიშ პრემია
مازِرونی: نوبل جایزه
Bahasa Melayu: Hadiah Nobel
Baso Minangkabau: Adiah Nobel
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nobel Ciōng
Mirandés: Prémio Nobel
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နိုဘယ်ဆု
Nederlands: Nobelprijs
नेपाल भाषा: नोबेल सिरपा
日本語: ノーベル賞
Napulitano: Premmio Nobel
Nordfriisk: Nobelpris
norsk nynorsk: Nobelprisen
Nouormand: Pris Nobel
Novial: Nobel Premie
occitan: Prèmi Nobel
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nobel mukofoti
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨੋਬਲ ਇਨਾਮ
پنجابی: نوبل انعام
Patois: Nobel Praiz
ភាសាខ្មែរ: រង្វាន់ណូបែល
Piemontèis: Premi Nobel
Plattdüütsch: Nobelpries
português: Prémio Nobel
română: Premiul Nobel
Runa Simi: Nobel Suñay
русиньскый: Нобелівска премія
Seeltersk: Nobelpries
sicilianu: Premiu Nobel
slovenčina: Nobelova cena
slovenščina: Nobelova nagrada
српски / srpski: Нобелова награда
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nobelova nagrada
svenska: Nobelpriset
Taqbaylit: Arraz Nobel
татарча/tatarça: Nobel büläge
ತುಳು: ನೊಬೆಲ್
Türkçe: Nobel Ödülü
Türkmençe: Nobel baýragy
vèneto: Premio Nobel
Tiếng Việt: Giải Nobel
吴语: 诺贝尔奖
ייִדיש: נאבעל פריז
Yorùbá: Ẹ̀bùn Nobel
粵語: 諾貝爾獎
žemaitėška: Nuobelė premėjė
中文: 诺贝尔奖