Netherlands
English: Netherlands

Netherlands

Nederland  (Dutch)
Coat of arms
Motto: "Je maintiendrai"  (French)[a]
"Ik zal handhaven"  (Dutch)
"I will uphold"
Anthem: "Wilhelmus"  (Dutch)
"'William"
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[c]
52°22′N 4°53′E / 52°22′N 4°53′E / 52.367; 4.883
Government's seatThe Hague[c]
Official languagesDutch[1]
Official regional languages
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2017[4])
  • 77.39% Dutch
  • 9.88% Europeans
  • 2.34% Turks
  • 2.29% Moroccans
  • 2.13% Indo
  • 2.05% Surinamese
  • 0.90% Caribbeans
  • 0.23% Americans
Religion
(2015[5])
Demonym(s)Dutch
Sovereign state Kingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Willem-Alexander
Mark Rutte (VVD)
• Deputy Prime Ministers
Hugo de Jonge (CDA)
Kajsa Ollongren (D66)
Carola Schouten (CU)
• Vice President of the Council of State
Piet Hein Donner
LegislatureStates General
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from Spanish Empire
• Proclaimed
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
• Kingdom established
16 March 1815
• Constituent country
15 December 1954
• Incorporation of the Caribbean Netherlands
10 October 2010
Area
• Total
41,543 km2 (16,040 sq mi) (131st)
• Water (%)
18.41
Population
• 2017 estimate
17,170,000 Increase[6] (66th)
• Density
417.9/km2 (1,082.4/sq mi) (30th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$907.619 billion[7] (28th)
• Per capita
$53,139 (13th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$762.694 billion[7] (17th)
• Per capita
$44,654 (13th)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 28.2[8]
low · 15th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.924[9]
very high · 7th
Currency
Time zoneUTC-4 (CET (UTC+1)[f]
AST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC-4 (CEST (UTC+2)
AST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD
Map of the Netherlands

The Netherlands is a country that is part of (a constituent country) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Most of it is in Western Europe, but there are also some parts in the Caribbean. More than 17 million people live there. To the north and west of the European part of the Netherlands is the North Sea, and to the east is Germany and to the south is Belgium. The Netherlands is one of the countries that started the European Union. People who live in the Netherlands are called "Dutch". The language of the Netherlands is also called Dutch. The official capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam. However, the government is located in The Hague.

Name

"The Netherlands" means "the low lands". The land only rises, on average, 1 meter above the sea level. One third of the land is below sea level. The Netherlands is also - incorrectly - referred to as Holland. Holland was a very rich area (two provinces) in the western part of the Netherlands, thus causing people to be mistaken. Some people who do not live in the western part of the Netherlands do not like it when people call the country Holland. The name "Holland" originates from the old Dutch words "Holt land" which means "wood lands".

Other Languages
Acèh: Blanda
Адыгэбзэ: Нидерлэндхэр
Afrikaans: Nederland
Alemannisch: Niederlande
አማርኛ: ኔዘርላንድ
Ænglisc: Niðerland
العربية: هولندا
aragonés: Países Baixos
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܗܘܠܢܕܐ
armãneashti: Olanda
arpetan: Payis-Bâs
asturianu: Países Baxos
Avañe'ẽ: Tetãnguéra Yvýi
авар: Гьоланд
azərbaycanca: Niderland
تۆرکجه: هولند
Banjar: Walanda
Bân-lâm-gú: Hô-lân
Basa Banyumasan: Landa
башҡортса: Нидерланд
беларуская: Нідэрланды
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нідэрлянды
भोजपुरी: नीदरलैंड
Bikol Central: Nederlands
Bislama: Netherlands
български: Нидерландия
Boarisch: Holland
བོད་ཡིག: ཧོ་ལན།
bosanski: Holandija
brezhoneg: Izelvroioù
буряад: Нидерланд
Чӑвашла: Нидерландсем
čeština: Nizozemsko
Chamoru: Netherlands
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Holanda
Chi-Chewa: Netherlands
chiShona: Netherlands
chiTumbuka: Netherlands
dansk: Holland
davvisámegiella: Vuolleeatnamat
Deitsch: Holland
Deutsch: Niederlande
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނެދަލޭންޑު
dolnoserbski: Nižozemska
eesti: Holland
Ελληνικά: Ολλανδία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ulànda
English: Netherlands
español: Países Bajos
Esperanto: Nederlando
estremeñu: Paisis Baxus
euskara: Herbehereak
eʋegbe: Netherlands
فارسی: هلند
Fiji Hindi: The Netherlands
føroyskt: Niðurlond
français: Pays-Bas
Frysk: Nederlân
Fulfulde: Holannda
furlan: Paîs Bas
Gaeilge: An Ísiltír
Gagauz: Niderland
Gàidhlig: Na Tìrean Ìsle
ГӀалгӀай: Голланди
贛語: 荷蘭
Gĩkũyũ: Netharandi
ગુજરાતી: નેધરલેંડ
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌽𐌹𐌸𐍂𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: नेदरलँड्स
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hò-làn
한국어: 네덜란드
Hausa: Holand
Hawaiʻi: Hōlani
հայերեն: Նիդեռլանդներ
हिन्दी: नीदरलैण्ड
hornjoserbsce: Nižozemska
hrvatski: Nizozemska
Bahasa Hulontalo: Walanta
Ilokano: Olanda
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নেদারল্যান্ড
Bahasa Indonesia: Belanda
interlingua: Paises Basse
Interlingue: Nederland
isiXhosa: ENetherlands
isiZulu: Netherlands
italiano: Paesi Bassi
עברית: הולנד
Jawa: Walanda
Kabɩyɛ: Peyibaa
kalaallisut: Hollandi
Kapampangan: Paises Bahes
къарачай-малкъар: Нидерландла
қазақша: Нидерланд
kernowek: Iseldiryow
Kinyarwanda: Ubuholandi
Kiswahili: Uholanzi
Kongo: Pays-Bas
Kreyòl ayisyen: Peyiba
kurdî: Holenda
Кыргызча: Нидерланд
лакку: Нидирланд
latgaļu: Nīderlandeja
Latina: Nederlandia
latviešu: Nīderlande
Lëtzebuergesch: Holland
lietuvių: Nyderlandai
Ligure: Paixi Basci
Limburgs: Nederland
lingála: Holanda
Lingua Franca Nova: Nederland
Livvinkarjala: Alangomuat
la .lojban.: nederland
lumbaart: Paes Bass
magyar: Hollandia
македонски: Холандија
Malagasy: Nederlandy
Māori: Hōrana
მარგალური: ნიდერლანდეფი
مازِرونی: هلند
Bahasa Melayu: Belanda
Minangkabau: Balando
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hò̤-làng
мокшень: Недерлантт
монгол: Нидерланд
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နယ်သာလန်နိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Tlanitlalpan
Dorerin Naoero: Niterand
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Oladi
Nederlands: Nederland
Nedersaksies: Nederlaand
नेपाल भाषा: नेदरल्यान्द्स्
日本語: オランダ
Napulitano: Ulanna
нохчийн: Нидерландаш
Nordfriisk: Nederlönje
Norfuk / Pitkern: Dem Nethiland
norsk: Nederland
norsk nynorsk: Nederland
Nouormand: Pays Bas
Novial: Nederlande
олык марий: Нидерланды
Oromoo: Neezerlaandi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Niderlandlar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨੀਦਰਲੈਂਡ
Pälzisch: Niederlande
Pangasinan: Olánda
پنجابی: نیدرلینڈز
Papiamentu: Hulanda
پښتو: هالنډ
Patois: Nedalanz
Перем Коми: Недерланд
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប្រទេសហូឡង់
Picard: Bas-Païs
Piemontèis: Pais Bass
Tok Pisin: Netherlands
Plattdüütsch: Nedderlannen (Europa)
Ποντιακά: Ολλανδία
português: Países Baixos
Qaraqalpaqsha: Niderlandiya
qırımtatarca: Felemenk
Ripoarisch: Niederlande
română: Țările de Jos
romani čhib: Olanda
rumantsch: Pajais Bass
Runa Simi: Urasuyu
русиньскый: Нідерланды
русский: Нидерланды
саха тыла: Недерланд
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱮᱫᱟᱨᱞᱮᱱᱰᱥ
Gagana Samoa: Netalani
Seeltersk: Niederlounde
Sesotho: Hôlanê
Sesotho sa Leboa: Netherlands
shqip: Holanda
sicilianu: Paisi Vasci
SiSwati: IDashi
slovenčina: Holandsko
slovenščina: Nizozemska
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Нидєрландꙑ
Soomaaliga: Holland
کوردی: ھۆلەند
Sranantongo: Bakrakondre
српски / srpski: Холандија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nizozemska
Sunda: Walanda
suomi: Alankomaat
Tagalog: Netherlands
Taqbaylit: Timura n Wadda
tarandíne: Pajèsere Vasce
татарча/tatarça: Нидерланд
tetun: Olanda
тоҷикӣ: Ҳоланд
lea faka-Tonga: Holani
Tsetsêhestâhese: Netherlands
Türkçe: Hollanda
Türkmençe: Niderlandlar
удмурт: Нидерланд
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Belanda
українська: Нідерланди
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: گوللاندىيە
Vahcuengh: Hwzlanz
vèneto: Paéxi Basi
vepsän kel’: Alamad
Tiếng Việt: Hà Lan
Volapük: Nedän
Võro: Holland
walon: Bas Payis
文言: 荷蘭
West-Vlams: Holland
Winaray: Nederlandes
Wolof: Olaand
吴语: 尼德兰
Xitsonga: Netherlands
ייִדיש: האלאנד
粵語: 荷蘭
Zazaki: Hollanda
Zeêuws: Nederland
žemaitėška: Nīderlandā
中文: 荷兰