Neon

Neon,  10Ne
Neon discharge tube.jpg
General properties
Appearancecolorless gas exhibiting an orange-red glow when placed in an electric field
Standard atomic weight (Ar, standard)20.1797(6)[1]
Neon in the periodic table
HydrogenHelium
LithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorineNeon
SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon
PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromineKrypton
RubidiumStrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodineXenon
CaesiumBariumLanthanumCeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercury (element)ThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatineRadon
FranciumRadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessineOganesson
He

Ne

Ar
fluorineneonsodium
Atomic number (Z)10
Groupgroup 18 (noble gases)
Periodperiod 2
Blockp-block
Element category  noble gas
Electron configuration[He] 2s2 2p6
Electrons per shell
2, 8
Physical properties
Phase at STPgas
Melting point24.56 K ​(−248.59 °C, ​−415.46 °F)
Boiling point27.104 K ​(−246.046 °C, ​−410.883 °F)
Density (at STP)0.9002 g/L
when liquid (at b.p.)1.207 g/cm3[2]
Triple point24.556 K, ​43.37 kPa[3][4]
Critical point44.4918 K, 2.7686 MPa[4]
Heat of fusion0.335 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization1.71 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity20.79[5] J/(mol·K)
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)121315182127
Atomic properties
Oxidation states0
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 2080.7 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 3952.3 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 6122 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Covalent radius58 pm
Van der Waals radius154 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of neon
Other properties
Crystal structure ​face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for neon
Speed of sound435 m/s (gas, at 0 °C)
Thermal conductivity49.1×10−3 W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[6]
Magnetic susceptibility−6.74·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[7]
Bulk modulus654 GPa
CAS Number7440-01-9
History
PredictionWilliam Ramsay (1897)
Discovery and first isolationWilliam Ramsay & Morris Travers[8][9] (1898)
Main isotopes of neon
Iso­topeAbun­danceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modePro­duct
20Ne90.48%stable
21Ne0.27%stable
22Ne9.25%stable
| references
Neon

Neon is a noble gas. It is chemical element 10 on the periodic table. Its symbol is Ne.

The word "neon" comes from the Greek word meaning "new". It was discovered by William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers in 1898.

Neon does not react with other elements, so it is found by itself. There is not much neon in the air, and it is clear, so we do not see it.

Neon gas is used in gas discharge lamps. When electricity goes through the neon, it lights up red. Due to this quality, it is used in signs. Similar signs use other gases to make other colors, but they are also often called "neon signs".

Neon is also a term referring to a type of color that is very bright, such as lime green.

No true chemical compounds including the neutral compounds of neon are known. Where there is the helium compound HHeF, which might be stable, the analogous compound with Neon is not.[10]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Neon
አማርኛ: ኒዮን
العربية: نيون
aragonés: Neón
armãneashti: Neon
অসমীয়া: নিয়ন
asturianu: Neón
Avañe'ẽ: Tatatendy
azərbaycanca: Neon
تۆرکجه: نئون
বাংলা: নিয়ন
Bân-lâm-gú: Ne-óng
беларуская: Неон
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нэон
भोजपुरी: नियॉन
български: Неон
བོད་ཡིག: གསར་རླུང་།
bosanski: Neon
brezhoneg: Neon
català: Neó
Чӑвашла: Неон
Cebuano: Neon
čeština: Neon
corsu: Neone
Cymraeg: Neon
dansk: Neon
Deutsch: Neon
Diné bizaad: Níłchʼi łitsxooí
eesti: Neoon
Ελληνικά: Νέον
English: Neon
эрзянь: Неон
español: Neón
Esperanto: Neono
euskara: Neon
فارسی: نئون
Fiji Hindi: Neon
føroyskt: Neon
français: Néon
Frysk: Neön
furlan: Neon
Gaeilge: Neon
Gaelg: Neoin
Gàidhlig: Neon
galego: Neon
贛語:
ગુજરાતી: નિયોન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nái
хальмг: Неон
한국어: 네온
Hawaiʻi: Eaʻula
հայերեն: Նեոն
हिन्दी: नियोन
hrvatski: Neon
Ido: Neono
Ilokano: Neon
Bahasa Indonesia: Neon
interlingua: Neon
íslenska: Neon
italiano: Neon
עברית: ניאון
Basa Jawa: Néon
Kabɩyɛ: Nɛyɔɔ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನಿಯಾನ್
ქართული: ნეონი
қазақша: Неон
Kiswahili: Neoni
коми: Неон
Kreyòl ayisyen: Neyon
kurdî: Neon
Кыргызча: Неон
кырык мары: Неон
Latina: Neon
latviešu: Neons
Lëtzebuergesch: Neon
lietuvių: Neonas
Ligure: Neon
Limburgs: Neon
lingála: Neoni
Livvinkarjala: Neon
la .lojban.: ninynavni
lumbaart: Neon
magyar: Neon
македонски: Неон
മലയാളം: നിയോൺ
Māori: Haukura
मराठी: नियॉन
Bahasa Melayu: Neon
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Neon
монгол: Неон
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နီယွန်
Nederlands: Neon (element)
नेपाली: नियोन
नेपाल भाषा: नियोन
日本語: ネオン
Nordfriisk: Neon
norsk: Neon
norsk nynorsk: Neon
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନିଅନ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Neon
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨੀਔਨ
पालि: नियोन
پنجابی: نیون
Papiamentu: Neon
ភាសាខ្មែរ: នេអុង
Piemontèis: Néon
Plattdüütsch: Neon
português: Néon
română: Neon
Runa Simi: Niyun
русиньскый: Неон
русский: Неон
संस्कृतम्: नियोन
Scots: Neon
Seeltersk: Neon
shqip: Neoni
sicilianu: Neon
සිංහල: නියෝන්
slovenčina: Neón
slovenščina: Neon
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Нєонъ
Soomaaliga: Niyoon
کوردی: نیۆن
српски / srpski: Неон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Neon
Basa Sunda: Néon
suomi: Neon
svenska: Neon
Tagalog: Neon
தமிழ்: நியான்
татарча/tatarça: Неон
తెలుగు: నియాన్
ไทย: นีออน
тоҷикӣ: Неон
Türkçe: Neon
українська: Неон
اردو: نیون
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نىئون گازى
vepsän kel’: Neon
Tiếng Việt: Neon
Volapük: Neonin
文言:
Winaray: Neon
吴语:
ייִדיש: נעאן
Yorùbá: Nẹ́ọ̀nù
粵語:
žemaitėška: Neuons
中文: