Natural person

In jurisprudence, a natural person is a real human being in contrast to an artificial person, meaning an organization that the law treats for some purposes as if it were a person distinct from its members or owner.

For example, the right to vote is given to natural persons only. That is the case for most of the human rights. Therefore obviously a corporation cannot hold public office, but it can file a lawsuit.

Although science fiction has long fantasized about the possibility of sentient robots (e.g. androids) living among humans (such as Robin Williams Bicentennial Man), no court has yet dealt with the question of whether such a being would be considered a natural person.

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asturianu: Persona física
azərbaycanca: Fiziki şəxs
Bân-lâm-gú: Chū-jiân-jîn
беларуская: Фізічная асоба
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фізычная асоба
български: Физическо лице
čeština: Fyzická osoba
Ελληνικά: Φυσικό πρόσωπο
español: Persona física
Esperanto: Natura persono
فارسی: شخص حقیقی
hrvatski: Fizička osoba
italiano: Persona fisica
қазақша: Жеке тұлға
latviešu: Fiziska persona
lietuvių: Fizinis asmuo
Nederlands: Natuurlijk persoon
日本語: 自然人
norsk nynorsk: Fysisk person
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Jismoniy shaxs
Papiamentu: Persona natural
português: Pessoa (direito)
slovenčina: Fyzická osoba
slovenščina: Fizična oseba
српски / srpski: Физичко лице
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fizičko lice
svenska: Fysisk person
українська: Фізична особа
Tiếng Việt: Thể nhân
中文: 自然人