English: Nationalism

Liberty Leading the People (Eugène Delacroix, 1830) is a well known example of nationalist art.

Nationalism is a way of thinking that says that some groups of humans, such as ethnic groups, should be free to rule themselves.[1] Nationalists think that the best way to make this happen and avoid control or oppression by others is for each group to have their own nation. Some nationalists think this is the best way to save small and weak groups threatened by the mixing of ethnic groups[source?].

The opposite of nationalism is Internationalism and anti-nationalism.

Nationalism in left-right politics

Many early socialists were also nationalists. The earliest forms of nationalism had lots of socialist features. In this period, political thinkers who thought that ethnic groups should not be oppressed by other ethnic groups thought also that 'normal folk', the backbone of society, like workers and peasants, should not be oppressed by higher social classes like rich people. They thought that it is wrong for somebody to live in great welfare that is made of the hard work of others, or the oppression of others. All the social classes should work together and have a common goal that aims for the good of everyone. These goals can be called "national interest". National interest is ideal and not always easy to find. There are different ways to reach national interest, for example politics.

Nationalists started to support and admire normal people[source?], especially peasants, who were seen as uncorrupted, gallant, and fair, unlike high classes. For example, normal folk often had more original and local ethnic culture than high classes, whose culture was seen more rootless. National Romanticism was based much on the ideal of uncorrupt folk.

Socialism and nationalism grew together, but they have also been placed in opposition in some theories. The most known opposition between these ideologies was with the Soviet Union. The Soviet propaganda made nationalism an insult word that was linked with opposed ideologies like capitalism, liberalism, imperialism or fascism. Still, even in the Soviet Union and other communist or socialist countries, there was nationalism in great measure (even if it was not called with that name)[source?]. The most capitalist countries like United States were patriotic rather than nationalist. The Nordic countries, which were among the most pure nation-states (countries that follow nationalist principle), were not very capitalist or rightist; they were built on the social democratic idea, which is left. Only after Nordic countries became more multicultural did their politics become more rightist.

Today nationalism does not have a common stand on those fields of politics that are outside of its basic goals, like left-right politics. However nationalism can be a part of bigger political ideology or agenda that can be leftist or rightist or something outside that classification.

Nationalism is still usually connected to goals that resist strong hierarchy between social classes inside society. Nationalist people are usually more or less against the strongest forms of capitalism, which they think gives too much power to rich people and big companies.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nasionalisme
Alemannisch: Nationalismus
አማርኛ: ብሔርተኝነት
العربية: قومية
aragonés: Nacionalismo
অসমীয়া: জাতীয়তাবাদ
asturianu: Nacionalismu
azərbaycanca: Milliyətçilik
Bân-lâm-gú: Bîn-cho̍k-chú-gī
башҡортса: Милләтселек
беларуская: Нацыяналізм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нацыяналізм
български: Национализъм
bosanski: Nacionalizam
brezhoneg: Broadelouriezh
català: Nacionalisme
čeština: Nacionalismus
davvisámegiella: Nationalisma
Deutsch: Nationalismus
eesti: Rahvuslus
Ελληνικά: Εθνικισμός
English: Nationalism
español: Nacionalismo
Esperanto: Naciismo
estremeñu: Nacionalismu
euskara: Nazionalismo
Fiji Hindi: Rastryawaad
føroyskt: Nationalisma
français: Nationalisme
galego: Nacionalismo
한국어: 내셔널리즘
हिन्दी: राष्ट्रवाद
hrvatski: Nacionalizam
Ilokano: Nasionalismo
Bahasa Indonesia: Nasionalisme
italiano: Nazionalismo
עברית: לאומיות
къарачай-малкъар: Миллетчилик
қазақша: Ұлтшылдық
Kiswahili: Utaifa
Кыргызча: Улутчулдук
Ladino: Nasionalizmo
latviešu: Nacionālisms
lietuvių: Nacionalizmas
Limburgs: Nationalisme
Lingua Franca Nova: Nasionalisme
lumbaart: Naziunalism
македонски: Национализам
മലയാളം: ദേശീയത
მარგალური: ნაციონალიზმი
مازِرونی: ناسیونالیسم
Bahasa Melayu: Nasionalisme
Mirandés: Nacionalismo
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အမျိုးသားရေးဝါဒ
Nederlands: Nationalisme
नेपाल भाषा: राष्ट्रवाद
нохчийн: Национализм
norsk nynorsk: Nasjonalisme
occitan: Nacionalisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Millatchilik
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੌਮਪ੍ਰਸਤੀ
پنجابی: نیشنلزم
Patois: Nashinalizim
Piemontèis: Nassionalism
polski: Nacjonalizm
português: Nacionalismo
română: Naționalism
rumantsch: Naziunalissem
русиньскый: Націоналізм
русский: Национализм
саха тыла: Национализм
sicilianu: Nazziunalismu
slovenčina: Nacionalizmus
slovenščina: Nacionalizem
српски / srpski: Национализам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nacionalizam
svenska: Nationalism
татарча/tatarça: Милләтчелек
Türkçe: Milliyetçilik
тыва дыл: Национализм
українська: Націоналізм
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مىللەتچىلىك
vèneto: Nasionałismo
Tiếng Việt: Chủ nghĩa dân tộc
Winaray: Nasyonalismó
吴语: 民族主义
粵語: 民族主義
žemaitėška: Naciuonalėzmos
中文: 民族主義