Muscle

Muscle big to smaller

Muscle is a tissue in animal bodies. Their main purpose is to help us to move our body parts. They are one of the major systems of human and animal bodies.


Types of muscles

There are three kinds of muscles:

  • Skeletal muscle, the muscle attached to bones. They pull on bones to make movements.
  • Smooth muscle, for example, the muscle in blood vessels and the bladder
  • Cardiac muscle, the muscle of the heart

Muscle action can be classified as being either voluntary or involuntary.

The skeletal muscles move the limbs (arms and legs). They move the jaw up and down so that food can be chewed. Skeletal muscles are the only voluntary muscles. This means they are the only muscle that you can choose to move.

The cardiac muscle is the muscle in the heart. When this muscle contracts (makes itself smaller) it pushes blood through the circulatory system. The cardiac muscle is not voluntary. Animals do not choose for their heart to contract.

The smooth muscles are the other muscles in the body that are involuntary. Smooth muscles are in many places. They are in:

  • The gastrointestinal system – this includes the stomach and intestines. This is how food moves through us and we take energy from it.
  • Blood vessels – smooth muscles make blood vessels smaller or bigger. This controls blood pressure.
  • Hairs – smooth muscle in hair follicles makes your hair stand up when you are scared or get cold.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Spier
Alemannisch: Muskel
አማርኛ: ጡንቻ
العربية: عضلة
aragonés: Musclo
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܥܘܩܒܪܬܐ
asturianu: Músculu
авар: Ччорбал
azərbaycanca: Əzələlər
Bân-lâm-gú: Kin-bah
башҡортса: Мускулдар
беларуская: Мускулы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Цягліцы
български: Мускул
bosanski: Mišić
brezhoneg: Kigenn
буряад: Балсан
català: Múscul
čeština: Sval
Cymraeg: Cyhyr
dansk: Muskel
eesti: Lihas
Ελληνικά: Μυς
English: Muscle
español: Músculo
Esperanto: Muskolo
euskara: Gihar
فارسی: ماهیچه
français: Muscle
Frysk: Spier
Gaeilge: Matán
galego: Músculo
한국어: 근육
Հայերեն: Մկաններ
हिन्दी: पेशी
hrvatski: Mišić
Ido: Muskulo
Ilokano: Piskel
Bahasa Indonesia: Otot
interlingua: Musculo
íslenska: Vöðvi
italiano: Muscolo
עברית: שריר
Basa Jawa: Otot
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸ್ನಾಯು
ქართული: კუნთი
қазақша: Бұлшық ет
Kiswahili: Musuli
Kreyòl ayisyen: Misk
Kurdî: Masûlke
Кыргызча: Булчуңдар
лакку: Биши
Latina: Musculus
latviešu: Muskuļi
Lëtzebuergesch: Muskel
lietuvių: Raumuo
Limburgs: Spier
lingála: Montungá
magyar: Izom
македонски: Мускул
മലയാളം: പേശി
मराठी: स्नायू
Bahasa Melayu: Otot
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gṳ̆ng-nṳ̆k
монгол: Булчин
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကြွက်သား
Nederlands: Spier (anatomie)
日本語: 筋肉
norsk: Muskel
norsk nynorsk: Muskel
occitan: Muscle
олык марий: Чогашыл
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Muskullar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੱਠਾ
Pangasinan: Laman
polski: Mięsień
português: Músculo
Runa Simi: Sinchi aycha
русиньскый: Мяз
русский: Мышцы
саха тыла: Былчыҥ
Scots: Muscle
سنڌي: مشڪون
slovenčina: Sval
slovenščina: Mišica
Soomaaliga: Muruq
کوردی: ماسوولکە
српски / srpski: Мишићно ткиво
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mišići
Basa Sunda: Otot
suomi: Lihas
svenska: Muskel
Tagalog: Masel
தமிழ்: தசை
татарча/tatarça: Мускуллар
తెలుగు: కండరము
Türkçe: Kas
українська: М'язи
اردو: عضلات
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مۇسكۇل
Vahcuengh: Noh
Tiếng Việt: Cơ (sinh học)
Võro: Muskli
walon: Musse
Winaray: Masol
ייִדיש: מוסקל
粵語: 肌肉
Zazaki: Bazi
žemaitėška: Moskols
中文: 肌肉