Monarch

A monarch is a person who rules because one of their relatives ruled. A male monarch can be a king or emperor. A female monarch can be called a queen or empress.

This is monarchy, a system of ruling in which ruling starts by a member of a family, and continues in that family as a dynasty.Monarchs were very common in history. Many countries used to have a monarch, but no longer have them. Some countries that still have monarchs have other leaders that actually have the power.

Monarchs tended to have monarchs of lower honour below them, e.g. a Empire could include several kingdoms, and a kingdom would have several duchies or principalities, nations would rarely include all titles, usually going from duchy to kingdom instead of duchy to principality to kingdom. Prince/Princess means 'Ruler of a Principality' and 'son of king/queen'. Some other languages have separate words for them.

TitleMaleFemale
EmpireEmperorEmpress
KingdomKingQueen
Grand PrincipalityGrand PrinceGrand Princess
PrincipalityPrincePrincess
ArchduchyArch DukeArch Duchess
Grand DuchyGrand DukeGrand Duchess
DuchyDukeDuchess
MarquisateMarquessMarchioness
CountyCountCountess
ViscountyViscountViscountess
BaronyBaronBaroness
Other Languages
አማርኛ: ንጉሥ
العربية: عاهل
aragonés: Monarca
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܠܟܐ
asturianu: Monarca
azərbaycanca: Monarx
Bân-lâm-gú: Kun-chú
беларуская: Манарх
български: Монарх
bosanski: Monarh (titula)
буряад: Ван
català: Monarca
čeština: Panovník
dansk: Monark
eesti: Monarh
Ελληνικά: Μονάρχης
English: Monarch
español: Monarca
Esperanto: Monarko
euskara: Monarka
فارسی: پادشاه
français: Monarque
Gaeilge:
galego: Monarca
한국어: 군주
Հայերեն: Միապետ
हिन्दी: राजा
Ido: Monarko
Bahasa Indonesia: Penguasa monarki
italiano: Monarca
עברית: מונרך
къарачай-малкъар: Монарх
ქართული: მეფე
latviešu: Monarhs
lietuvių: Monarchas
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gŭng-ciō (nguòng-siū)
монгол: Ван
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘုရင်
नेपाल भाषा: जुजु
日本語: 君主
norsk: Monark
occitan: Monarca
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰਾਜਾ
polski: Monarcha
português: Monarca
română: Monarh
русский: Монарх
Scots: Monarch
slovenčina: Panovník
slovenščina: Monarh
کوردی: شا
српски / srpski: Monarh
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Monarh
suomi: Monarkki
svenska: Monark
தமிழ்: அரசன்
Türkçe: Hükümdar
українська: Монарх
vèneto: Monarca
Tiếng Việt: Vua
文言:
ייִדיש: מאנארך
粵語: 君主
中文: 君主