Moat around a Japanese castle

A moat is a body of water around a castle or town to keep people out. At first, moats were simple and used only for protection. Later on, moats became more complicated and were used for show.

Moats are deep, wide ditches filled with water. They were usually built near sources of water that flowed into the moats, filling them with water. The moats were filled with water for a few reasons. It made enemies swimming across the moat easy targets. It also made it impossible for enemies to dig underneath the castle walls, which was a common method of attack. It also prevented fires from destroying the castle. [1]


The word moat comes from the French word motte, which means hill. Moats were first used in the Medieval period, from 1066 to 1154. Castles were built on the top of high hills. The area at the bottom of the hill was eventually called the moat. [1]

Other Languages
العربية: خندق مائي
asturianu: Foso
беларуская: Роў (фартыфікацыя)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Роў
български: Ров
català: Fossat
dansk: Voldgrav
Deutsch: Burggraben
eesti: Vallikraav
English: Moat
español: Foso
Esperanto: Fosaĵo
euskara: Lubanarro
فارسی: خندق
français: Douve (fossé)
galego: Foso
한국어: 해자
Ido: Fosato
Bahasa Indonesia: Parit (pertahanan)
italiano: Fossato
עברית: חפיר
latviešu: Aizsarggrāvis
македонски: Шанец
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကျုံး
Nederlands: Slotgracht
norsk: Vollgrav
polski: Fosa
português: Fosso
русский: Ров
slovenčina: Priekopa (obrana)
slovenščina: Obrambni jarek
српски / srpski: Шанац
suomi: Vallihauta
svenska: Vallgrav
தமிழ்: அகழி
Türkçe: Hendek
粵語: 護城河
中文: 護城河