Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev
Михаил Горбачёв
Михаил Горбачёв.jpg
President of the Soviet Union
In office
15 March 1990 – 25 December 1991
Vice PresidentGennady Yanayev
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
In office
25 May 1989 – 15 March 1990
DeputyAnatoly Lukyanov
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAnatoly Lukyanov (Executive roles transferred to President)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
In office
1 October 1988 – 25 May 1989
Preceded byAndrei Gromyko
Succeeded byOffice abolished
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
11 March 1985 – 24 August 1991
DeputyYegor Ligachev
Vladimir Ivashko (1990-1991)
Preceded byKonstantin Chernenko
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born (1931-03-02) 2 March 1931 (age 88)
Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
NationalityRussian
Political partyIndependent Democratic Party (2008–present)
Union of Social Democrats (2007–present)
Other political
affiliations
Social Democratic Party (2001–2004)
Communist Party (1950–1991)
Spouse(s)Raisa Gorbachova (m. 1953–1999)
Alma materMoscow State University
ProfessionLawyer
SignatureThe Gorbachev Foundation

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev [1] (sometimes spelled Gorbachov) (born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet politician. He was the last leader of the Soviet Union.

He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (head of state) (1988-91) and the first (and last) president of the Soviet Union (1990-dissolved 1991). Gorbachev is known for forming a friendship with President of the United States Ronald Reagan. Both of them would help end the Cold War.

Early life

Gorbachev was born in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Michail Gorbatschow
azərbaycanca: Mixail Qorbaçov
Bân-lâm-gú: Mikhail Gorbachyov
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Міхаіл Гарбачоў
Bikol Central: Mikhail Gorbachev
български: Михаил Горбачов
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mikhail Gorbachev
Bahasa Indonesia: Mikhail Gorbachev
لۊری شومالی: میخائیل گوٙرباچوف
Lingua Franca Nova: Mihail Gorbatxov
македонски: Михаил Горбачов
Bahasa Melayu: Mikhail Gorbachev
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mikhail Gorbachev
Nederlands: Michail Gorbatsjov
norsk nynorsk: Mikhail Gorbatsjov
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mixail Gorbachyov
português: Mikhail Gorbatchov
српски / srpski: Михаил Горбачов
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mihail Gorbačov
татарча/tatarça: Михаил Горбачёв
粵語: 戈巴卓夫