Mexico City

Mexico City
Tenochtitlan
City
México, D. F.
Mexico, D. F.
Clockwise from top: skyline of Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, skyline of Polanco, Palacio de Bellas Artes, National Palace, Angel of Independence, and Torre Latinoamericana
Clockwise from top: skyline of Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, skyline of Polanco, Palacio de Bellas Artes, National Palace, Angel of Independence, and Torre Latinoamericana
Flag of Mexico City
Flag
Official seal of Mexico City
Seal
Motto(s): La Ciudad de los Palacios
(The City of Palaces)
México City within Mexico
México City within Mexico
Coordinates: 19°26′N 99°8′W / 19°26′N 99°8′W / 19.433; -99.133
CountryMexico
EntityFederal District
Subdivisions
Founded
    • March 13, 1325: Tenochtitlan[1]
    • August 13, 1521:
      Ciudad de México[2]
    • November 18, 1824: Distrito Federal[3]
  • Government
     • Head of GovernmentMiguel Ángel Mancera PRD
     • Senators[4]Pablo Gómez PRD
    René Arce PRD
    Federico Döring PAN
     • Deputies[5]
    Area[6][b]
     • Total1,485 km2 (573 sq mi)
     Ranked 32nd
    Elevation2,420 m (7,940 ft)
    Highest elevation[7]3,930 m (12,890 ft)
    Population (2010)
     • Total8,851,080
     • Rank2nd
     • Density6,000/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
     • Density rank1st
    Demonym(s)Capitalino (a)
    Defeño (a)
    Mexiqueño (a)
    Chilango (a)
    Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
     • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
    Postal code00–16
    Area code
    ISO 3166 codeMX-DFE
    HDIIncrease 0.8307 Very High Ranked 1st
    GDP$411.4 billion dollars[8]
    WebsiteOfficial Web Site
    ^ b. Area of the Federal District that includes non-urban areas at the south

    Mexico City is the capital and largest city in Mexico. It is also one of the most populous and polluted cities in the world. The Aztec people were here before the Spanish came and made Mexico City. It was founded in 1521 by Hernán Cortés. Today, about 8.5 million people live in the city, and about 18 million live in the Greater Mexico City urban area. The city of Mexico City ceased to exist in 1928. Since then, there is only the Federal District.

    Mexico City has 18.1 million people. It is the city with the second highest number of people in the world after Tokyo in Japan and just slightly more populated than Mumbai in India.[9]

    History

    Mexico City was first built in the 1520s after Hernán Cortés destroyed the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan. The Spaniards then emptied the basin of Lake Texcoco to keep it from flooding. By the late 1700s, Mexico City had over 100,000 people. However, there were many slums, which caused epidemics.[10] There were political problems in the mid 1800s after Mexico became independent. More than 40 people ruled in the 40 years after the country became independent. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, electric light and gas were brought to the city. But there was a big difference between the rich western part of the city and the poor eastern part of the city. By 1930, Mexico City had 1,000,000 people.[11] The city kept growing quickly. In 1968, the olympics were in Mexico City. In 1985, an earthquake hit the capital. In the past few decades, there have been problems with crime and corruption.[12]

    Other Languages
    Afrikaans: Meksikostad
    Alemannisch: Mexiko-Stadt
    Ænglisc: Mexicoburg
    العربية: مدينة مكسيكو
    aragonés: Ciudat de Mexico
    Avañe'ẽ: Táva Méhiko
    Aymar aru: Mïxiku marka
    azərbaycanca: Mexiko
    تۆرکجه: مکزیکو سیتی
    Bân-lâm-gú: México Chhī
    башҡортса: Мехико
    беларуская: Мехіка
    беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэхіка
    Bikol Central: Mexico (ciudad)
    български: Мексико (град)
    Boarisch: Mexiko Stod
    brezhoneg: Kêr-Vec'hiko
    буряад: Мехико хото
    Чӑвашла: Мехико
    Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ciudad de Mexico
    Chi-Chewa: Mexico City
    chiShona: Mexico City
    Cymraeg: Dinas Mecsico
    davvisámegiella: Meksiko gávpot
    Deutsch: Mexiko-Stadt
    eesti: México
    English: Mexico City
    эрзянь: Мехико
    Esperanto: Meksik-urbo
    estremeñu: Ciá de Méjicu
    euskara: Mexiko Hiria
    Fiji Hindi: Mexico City
    føroyskt: Meksikobýur
    français: Mexico
    Gàidhlig: Meagsago (baile)
    ГӀалгӀай: Мехико
    Gĩkũyũ: Mexico City
    客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: México Sṳ
    한국어: 멕시코시티
    հայերեն: Մեխիկո
    hornjoserbsce: Mexiko-město
    Ido: México
    Bahasa Indonesia: Kota Meksiko
    interlingua: Citate de Mexico
    Interlingue: Cité de Mexico
    Ирон: Мехико
    íslenska: Mexíkóborg
    Basa Jawa: Kutha Mèksiko
    kalaallisut: Mexico City
    ქართული: მეხიკო
    қазақша: Мехико
    kernowek: Cita Mexico
    Kiswahili: Mexico (mji)
    Kreyòl ayisyen: Meksiko
    kurdî: Meksîko
    Кыргызча: Мехико
    кырык мары: Мехико
    لۊری شومالی: مکزیکوسیتي
    Latina: Mexicopolis
    latviešu: Mehiko
    Lëtzebuergesch: Mexiko-Stad
    лезги: Мехико
    lietuvių: Meksikas
    Limburgs: Mexico-stad
    Livvinkarjala: Mehiko
    la .lojban.: mexygu'e tcadu
    македонски: Мексико (град)
    Malagasy: Mexico
    მარგალური: მეხიკო
    مازِرونی: مکزیکوسیتی
    Bahasa Melayu: Bandaraya Mexico
    Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: México Chê
    монгол: Мехико
    မြန်မာဘာသာ: မက္ကဆီကိုမြို့
    Nederlands: Mexico-Stad
    нохчийн: Мехико
    Norfuk / Pitkern: Meksikoe Citii
    norsk: Mexico by
    norsk nynorsk: Mexico by
    олык марий: Мехико
    oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mexiko shahri
    پنجابی: میکسیکو شہر
    Papiamentu: Ciudad di Mexico
    Patois: Mexiko Siti
    Picard: Méssico
    Piemontèis: Sità dël Méssich
    português: Cidade do México
    Qaraqalpaqsha: Mexiko
    rumantsch: Citad da Mexico
    Runa Simi: Mihiku llaqta
    русиньскый: Мексіко Сіті
    русский: Мехико
    саха тыла: Мехико
    Gagana Samoa: Mexico Siti
    slovenčina: Mexiko (mesto)
    slovenščina: Ciudad de México
    ślůnski: Meksyk (mjasto)
    српски / srpski: Мексико Сити
    srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ciudad de Mexico
    suomi: México
    svenska: Mexico City
    татарча/tatarça: Мехико
    тоҷикӣ: Мехико
    Türkçe: Meksiko
    Türkmençe: Mehiko
    удмурт: Мехико
    українська: Мехіко
    ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مېكسىكا شەھىرى
    vepsän kel’: Mehiko
    Tiếng Việt: Thành phố México
    Võro: México
    文言: 墨西哥城
    吴语: 墨西哥城
    粵語: 墨西哥城
    Zazaki: Meksiko City
    Zeêuws: Mexico-Stad
    žemaitėška: Meksėks
    中文: 墨西哥城