Metonymy is a term for a figure of speech.[1] Metonymy a thing or concept is indirectly named. It is not called by its own name, but by the name of something which is closely related or implicit in the context.[2]

One of the most common metonyms is the use of the capital city of a country to mean the government of that country, which is usually in the capital city. For example, mass media uses the word "Washington" to talk about the federal government and national politics of the United States, Other examples of metonyms often use place names to mean major industries which are based there. For example, the stock markets of the US are located on Wall Street in New York City, so "Wall Street" is used as a general word for the US economy. Here is a list of some well-known metonyms:

Other Languages
العربية: كناية
azərbaycanca: Metonimiya
беларуская: Метанімія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэтанімія
български: Метонимия
català: Metonímia
čeština: Metonymie
Cymraeg: Trawsenwad
dansk: Metonymi
Deutsch: Metonymie
Ελληνικά: Μετωνυμία
English: Metonymy
español: Metonimia
Esperanto: Metonimio
euskara: Metonimia
فارسی: کنایه
français: Métonymie
galego: Metonimia
贛語: 轉喻
한국어: 환유
हिन्दी: उपलक्षण
hrvatski: Metonimija
Bahasa Indonesia: Metonimia
interlingua: Metonymia
íslenska: Nafnskipti
italiano: Metonimia
עברית: מטונימיה
қазақша: Метонимия
Кыргызча: Метонимия
Latina: Metonymia
magyar: Metonímia
македонски: Метонимија
Nederlands: Metonymie
日本語: 換喩
norsk: Metonymi
norsk nynorsk: Metonymi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Metonimiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੈਟੋਨਮੀ
polski: Metonimia
português: Metonímia
română: Metonimie
русский: Метонимия
саха тыла: Метонимия
Scots: Metonymy
shqip: Metonimia
sicilianu: Mitunìmia
slovenčina: Metonymia
slovenščina: Metonimija
српски / srpski: Метонимија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Metonimija
suomi: Metonymia
svenska: Metonymi
தமிழ்: ஆகு பெயர்
татарча/tatarça: Метонимия
українська: Метонімія
Tiếng Việt: Hoán dụ
粵語: 借喻
中文: 轉喻