Max Ferdinand Perutz
CBE (19 May 1914 – 6 February 2002) was an
He shared the 1962
Nobel Prize in Chemistry with
John Kendrew, for their studies of the structures of
haemoglobin and globular proteins. The method used was mainly
He went on to win the Royal Medal of the
Royal Society in 1971 and the Copley Medal in 1979. At Cambridge he founded and chaired (1962–79) The Medical Research Council
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, fourteen of whose scientists have won Nobel Prizes. Perutz's contributions to molecular biology in Cambridge are documented in The History of the University of Cambridge: Volume 4 (1870 to 1990) published by the Cambridge University Press in 1992.
Perutz was born in
Austria. His family was
Jewish. He had worked in Cambridge (
Peterhouse College) since 1936, and moved to Britain permanently after the
Nazi takeover of Austria. He did his
war work in
Canada, and returned to Cambridge after the war. Max did some of his most important work after winning the Nobel award, and is still held in the highest esteem.