March 4 is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 302 days remaining until the end of the year.
From 1793 – 1933, March 4 was Inauguration Day for the President of the United States. Since 1937, Inauguration Day has been January 20.
Up to 1900
51 - Nero is given the title of Princeps Iuventutis (Head of the Youth).
- 1152 –
Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans.
- 1226 - The city of Hamm, in North Rhine-Westphalia, present-day Germany, is founded.
- 1275 - Chinese astronomers observe a solar eclipse.
- 1351 –
Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.
- 1386 – Wladyslaw II Jagiello (
Jogaila) is crowned King of Poland.
- 1461 – The Lancastrian King Henry VI of England is deposed by his Yorkist cousin, King Edward IV of England.
- 1493 – Christopher Columbus arrives in Portugal after the voyage that took him to the Caribbean.
- 1519 – Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico.
- 1628 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a royal charter.
- 1665 – England's King Charles II declares war on the Netherlands.
- 1675 – In England, John Flamsteed is appointed as the first Astronomer Royal.
- 1681 – Charles II grants a land charter to William Penn, to colonise what is now Pennsylvania.
- 1769 - The Orion Nebula is first observed by Charles Messier.
- 1776 - American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army fortifies Dorchester Heights with cannon, leading the British troops to abandon the
Siege of Boston.
- 1789 – In New York City, the first United States Congress meets, putting the United States Constitution into effect.
- 1790 – France is divided into 83 Departements.
- 1791 – Vermont becomes the 14th State of the US.
- 1793 – John Adams becomes the first US President to be inaugurated on March 4.
- 1794 - The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed by the United States Congress.
- 1837 - The city of Chicago is incorporated.
- 1848 -
Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy.
- 1861 – Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the United States. During his time in office, he will be faced with the American Civil War.
- 1861 – The Stars and Bars Flag of the Confederate States of America is introduced.
- 1865 – The third national flag of the Confederate States of America is introduced.
- 1882 – The United Kingdom's first electric trams run in London.
- 1877 – The ballet Swan Lake by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky has its premiere at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
- 1890 – The Forth Rail Bridge is opened in Scotland.
- 1899 – Cyclone Mahina passes to the north of
Cooktown, Queensland, Australia, with 12-metre waves travelling inland by as much as five kilometres, killing 300 people.
1901 – 2000
- 1902 - The
American Automobile Club is founded in Cleveland, Ohio.
- 1908 - The Collinwood School Fire near Cleveland, Ohio kills 174 people.
- 1913 - The United States Department of Labor is created.
- 1917 –
Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman in the House of Representatives.
- 1918 – The first case of the Spanish flu pandemic occurs.
- 1918 - The ship USS Cyclops leaves Barbados, never to be seen again. It is one of several disappearances in the so-called Bermuda Triangle.
- 1929 – Herbert Hoover becomes President of the United States. At the same time, Charles Curtis becomes the first Vice President of the United States of Native American ancestry.
- 1933 – Chancellor of Austria
Engelbert Dolfuss begins authoritarian rule by decree.
- 1933 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the last President of the United States to be inaugurated on March 4.
- 1933 –
Frances Perkins becomes the first woman in the United States Cabinet, as she becomes Secretary for Labor.
- 1936 - The Hindenburg airship makes its first test-flight over Lake Constance.
- 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom launches
Operation Claymore on the
- 1943 – World War II: The
Battle of the Bismarck Sea ends.
- 1943 - British passenger steamer City of Pretoria is sunk by a German U-boat in the North Atlantic Ocean. No-one on board survives.
- 1945 –
Lapland War: Finland declares war on Germany.
- 1960 – The French freighter La Coubre explodes in Havanna, Cuba.
- 1962 - A Caledonia Airways Douglas DC-7 crashes shortly after take-off in Cameroon, killing 111 people.
- 1966 – A Canadian Pacific Airlines DC-8-43 explodes on landing at Tokyo International Airport, killing 64 people.
- 1966 - John Lennon of The Beatles says that the band is probably "Bigger than Jesus".
- 1970 - French submarine Erydice explodes underwater, killing the entire 57-man crew.
- 1974 -
People magazine is first published in the United States, under the name "People Weekly".
- 1976 - Northern Ireland is directly ruled from London from this date.
- 1977 – An earthquake strikes southeastern Europe. Bucharest, Romania, is among the places that suffer damage, as around 1,500 people are killed.
- 1980 – Robert Mugabe is elected Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.
- 1983 -
Bertha Wilson becomes the first woman to sit on the
Supreme Court of Canada.
- 1985 – The US Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS.
- 1986 – The Soviet Vega 1 space probe starts to return images of Halley's Comet, including its nucleus.
- 1987 - President Ronald Reagan apologizes to the American people on a live televised address about the Iran-Contra affair.
- 1991 - For the first time since Iraq's invasion, Prime Minister of Kuwait
Sheikh Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah returns to his country.
- 1996 - A train that has crashed off the tracks in Weyauwega, Wisconsin. causes an emergency evacuation of 2,300 people for 16 days.
- 2000 –
Play Station 2 is released for the first time, in Japan.
- 2001 – A car bomb explodes outside the BBC television centre, seriously injuring one person.
- 2001 – A Bridge collapse in northern Portugal kills up to 70 people.
- 2001 - A majority of voters in Switzerland rejects membership of the European Union.
- 2007 – In Estonia, approximately 30,000 voters make uses of electronic voting, which had previously never been used in an election, for the Estonian Parliamentary Election.
- 2009 – The International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for a sitting head of state for the first time, for Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, President of Sudan, on war crimes charges in relation to the crisis in Darfur.
- 2012 – More than 100 people are killed in a munitions dump fire in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.
- 2012 – Vladimir Putin declares victory in the Russian Presidential Election, allowing him to become President of Russia for a second time.
- 2014 - Prime Minister of Estonia Andrus Ansip resigns from office after nine years, being succeeded by
- 2015 - A mine explosion in Rebel-controlled Eastern Ukraine kills 34 miners.
- 2018 - The German Social Democrats vote in favour of a new governing coalition under Angela Merkel's CDU/CSU, ending a period of political uncertainty after the Bundestag election over five months earlier.
- 2018 - Italian general election, 2018: Italy holds its general election, with no party gaining an overall majority and populist and right-wing parties gaining seats.
- 2018 - Russian former spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia are poisoned with a nerve agent in Salisbury, England.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 4. 3.