Temporal range: Early Devonian - Recent
Queensland Lungfish
Scientific classification
J. P. Müller, 1844
  • Ceratodontiformes
  • Lepidosireniformes

Lungfish are members of the subclass Dipnoi. They are a sister group to the Coelacanths and to the early lobe-finned fish which gave rise to the tetrapods. All these fish have paired appendages, fins or limbs, attached to a pelvis or shoulder by means of a single bone, the femur or humerus.[1]

The living members of the group are special freshwater fish. They are the only living fish that have both lungs, as well as gills. They need this because they live in small lakes and rivers that sometimes dry up. When this happens, these fish don't die, but they can survive in the mud, for up to 4 years. They use their lungs during this time. This is called aestivation, which is a type of dormancy.

Currently there 8 species of lungfish, 6 of them in Africa, one in South America and one in Australia.

  • references


  1. Maisey, John G. 1996. Discovering fossil fishes. Holt, New York. p193 ISBN 0-8050-4366-7

Other Languages
العربية: سمكة رئوية
azərbaycanca: İkitənəffüslülər
беларуская: Дваякадыхальныя
català: Dipnous
čeština: Dvojdyšní
dansk: Lungefisk
Deutsch: Lungenfische
eesti: Kopskalad
Ελληνικά: Δίπνοοι
English: Lungfish
español: Dipnoi
Esperanto: Pulmofiŝoj
euskara: Dipnoi
فارسی: شش‌ماهی
galego: Dipnoi
한국어: 폐어류
հայերեն: Երկշունչներ
hrvatski: Dvodihalice
Bahasa Indonesia: Dipnoi
íslenska: Lungnafiskar
italiano: Dipnoi
עברית: דגי ריאות
Кыргызча: Кош өпкөлүүлөр
Latina: Dipnoi
Ligure: Dipnoi
Lingua Franca Nova: Dipno
magyar: Tüdőshalak
македонски: Дводишалки
മലയാളം: ലങ്ഫിഷ്
Nederlands: Longvissen
日本語: ハイギョ
norsk nynorsk: Lungefiskar
occitan: Dipnoi
polski: Dwudyszne
português: Dipnoicos
română: Dipnoi
slovenčina: Dvojdyšníky
slovenščina: Pljučarice
српски / srpski: Рибе дводихалице
svenska: Lungfiskar
Tagalog: Dipnoi
українська: Дводишні
Tiếng Việt: Cá phổi
中文: 肺鱼亚纲