List of Nobel Peace Prize winners

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of six awards in the memory of Alfred Nobel, the inventor of Dynamite. Every year the organization gives out six awards for the people "who best benefit mankind through their actions" in one of the six subjects; peace, literature, physics, chemistry, economics, and medicine.

The Peace Prize is given out in Norway, but the other Prizes are given out in Sweden. This is because Norway and Sweden were one country when the prizes were started.

Its list of winners includes Martin Luther King, Jr., Elihu Root, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Henri la Fontaine, Mikhail Gorbachev, Aung San Suu Kyi, Nelson Mandela, Kofi Annan, Jimmy Carter, Wangari Maathai, Barack Obama and Liu Xiaobo. There is often a lot of controversy about the award of the prize. The 2013 winner is the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, making it the second year in-a-row that an organization has won the prize, after the European Union did so in 2012.

Here are the winners of the Nobel Peace Prize:

YearIndividual or OrganizationNotes
1901Jean Henri Dunant (Switzerland)founder of the Red Cross and initiator of the Geneva Conventions.
Frédéric Passy (France)founder and president of the Société Française pour l'arbitrage entre nations.
1902Élie Ducommun (Switzerland) and Charles Albert Gobathonorary secretaries of the Permanent International Peace Bureau in Berne.
1903Sir William Randal Cremer (UK)secretary of the International Arbitration League.
1904Institut de droit international (Gent, Belgium).
1905Bertha Sophie Felicitas Baronin von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau (Austria-Hungary)writer, honorary president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
1906Theodore Roosevelt (USA)President of the United States, for drawing up the peace treaty in the Russo-Japanese War.
1907Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (Italy)president of the Lombard League of Peace.
Louis Renault (France)professor of International Law.
1908Klas Pontus Arnoldson (Sweden)founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League.
Fredrik Bajer (Denmark)honorary president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
1909Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert (Belgium)member of the Cour Internationale d'Arbitrage.
Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant (France)founder and president of the French parliamentary group for international arbitration. Founder of the Comité de défense des intérets nationaux et de conciliation internationale
1910Bureau International Permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau), Berne.
1911Tobias Michael Carel Asser (Netherlands)initiator of the International Conferences of Private Law in The Hague.
Alfred Hermann Fried (Austria-Hungary)founder of Die Waffen Nieder.
1912Elihu Root (USA)for initiating various arbitration agreements.
1913Henri la Fontaine (Belgium)president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
1914not awardedWorld War I
1915not awardedWorld War I
1916not awardedWorld War I
1917International Red Cross, Geneva.
1918Not awarded
1919Woodrow Wilson (USA)President of the United States, for founding the League of Nations.
1920Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeoispresident of the Council of the League of Nations.
1921Hjalmar Branting (Sweden)prime minister, Swedish delegate to the Council of the League of Nations.
Christian Lous Lange (Norway)secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
1922Fridtjof Nansen (Norway)Norwegian delegate to the League of Nations, originator of the Nansen passports for refugees.
1923Not awarded
1925Sir Austen Chamberlain (UK)for the Locarno Treaties.
Charles G. Dawes (USA)chairman of the Allied Reparation Commission and originator of the Dawes Plan.
1926Aristide Briand (France)for the Locarno Treaties.
Gustav Stresemann (Germany)for the Locarno Treaties.
1927Ferdinand Buisson (France)founder and president of the League for Human Rights.
Ludwig Quidde (Germany)delegate to numerous peace conferences.
1928Not awarded
1929Frank B. Kellogg (USA)for the Briand-Kellogg Pact.
1930Archbishop Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Söderblom (Sweden)leader of the ecumenical movement.
1931Jane Addams (USA)international president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Nicholas Murray Butler (USA)for promoting the Briand-Kellogg Pact.
1932Not awarded
1933Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) (UK)writer, member of the Executive Committee of the League of Nations and the National Peace Council.
1934Arthur Henderson (UK)chairman of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference
1935Carl von Ossietzky (Germany)pacifist journalist.
1936Carlos Saavedra Lamas (Argentina)president of the League of Nations and mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia.
1937The Viscount Cecil of Chelwoodfounder and president of the International Peace Campaign.
1938Nansen International Office For Refugees, Geneva.
1939Not awardedWorld War II
1940Not awardedWorld War II
1941Not awardedWorld War II
1942Not awardedWorld War II
1943Not awardedWorld War II
1944International Committee of the Red Cross (awarded retroactively in 1945).
1945Cordell Hull (USA)for co-initiating the United Nations.
1946Emily Greene Balch (USA)honorary international president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
John R. Mott (USA)chairman of the International Missionary Council and president of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations
1947The Friends Service Council (UK) and The American Friends Service Committee (USA)on behalf of the Religious Society of Friends, better known as the Quakers.
1948Not awardedApparently it would have been awarded to [1]
1949The Lord Boyd-Orr (UK)director General Food and Agricultural Organization, president National Peace Council, president World Union of Peace Organizations.
1950Ralph Bunche (USA)for mediating in Palestine (1948).
1951Léon Jouhaux (France)president of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the UN.
1952Albert Schweitzer (Germany)for founding the Lambarene Hospital in Gabon.
1953American Secretary of State George Catlett Marshallfor the Marshall Plan.
1954The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
1955Not awarded
1956Not awarded
1957Lester Pearson (Canada)president of the 7th session of the United Nations General Assembly for introducing peacekeeping forces to resolve the Suez Crisis.
1958Georges Pire (Belgium)leader of L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde, a relief organization for refugees.
1959Philip Noel-Baker (UK)for his lifelong ardent work for international peace and co-operation.
1960Albert Lutuli (South Africa)president of the ANC (African National Congress).
1961Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden)secretary-general of the UN (awarded posthumously).
1962Linus Carl Pauling (USA)for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing.
1963International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva.
League of Red Cross Societies, Geneva.
1964Martin Luther King, Jr. (USA)campaigner for civil rights against racial segregation.
1965United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF)
1966Not awarded
1968René Cassin (France)one author of Universal Declaration of Human Rights and president of the European Court of Human Rights.
1969International Labour Organization (I.L.O.), Geneva.for rights of workers in decent condition
1970Norman Borlaug (USA)for research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
1971Chancellor Willy Brandt (West Germany)for West Germany's Ostpolitik, embodying a new attitude towards Eastern Europe and East Germany.
1972Not awarded
1973Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger (USA) and Foreign Minister Lê Ðức Thọ (Vietnam, declined)for the Vietnam peace accord.
1974Seán MacBride (Ireland)president of the International Peace Bureau and the Commission of Namibia of the United Nations.
Eisaku Sato (佐藤榮作) (Japan)prime minister.
1975Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (USSR)for his campaigning for human rights.
1976Betty Williams and Mairead Corriganfounders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People).
1977Amnesty International, Londonfor its campaign against torture and for promotion of Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
1978President Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat (Egypt) and Prime Minister Menachem Begin (Israel)for negotiating peace between Egypt and Israel.
1979Mother Teresa (India, Albania)poverty awareness campaigner (India)
1980Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (Argentina)human rights
1981The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
1982Alva Myrdal (Sweden) and Alfonso García Robles (Mexico)delegates to the United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament.
1983Lech Wałęsa (Poland)founder of Solidarność and campaigner for human rights. Later served as the first president of Poland after the fall of Communism
1984Bishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu (South Africa)for his work against apartheid.
1985International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Boston.for spreading authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. Award was received by Bernard Lown
1986Elie Wiesel (USA)author, Holocaust survivor
1987President Óscar Arias Sánchez (Costa Rica)for initiating peace negotiations in Central America.
1988United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces.For participation in numerous conflicts since 1956. As of the time of the award, 736 people from a variety of nations had lost their lives in peacekeeping efforts.
1989Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama.for his consistent resistance to the use of violence in his people's struggle to regain their liberty.
1990President Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (USSR)"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"
1991Aung San Suu Kyi (Myanmar)"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"
1992Author Rigoberta Menchú (Guatemala)"in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"
1993President Nelson Mandela (South Africa) and former President Frederik Willem de Klerk (South Africa)"for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"
1994PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, Foreign Minister Shimon Peres (Israel) and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (Israel)"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"
1995Józef Rotblat (Poland/UK) and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"
1996Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo (East Timor) and José Ramos Horta (East Timor)"for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor"
1997International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"
1998John Hume and David Trimble (both Northern Ireland)"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"
1999Médecins Sans Frontières, Brussels."in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"
2000President Kim Dae Jung (김대중) (South Korea)"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"
2001The United Nations and Secretary-General Kofi Annan (Ghana)"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"
2002Jimmy Carter (USA) - former President of the United States"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"
2003Shirin Ebadi (شيرين عبادي) (Iran)"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children."
2004Wangari Maathai (Kenya)"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy, ecology and peace"
2005The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei (محمد البرادعي) (Egypt)"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"
2006Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank"for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"
2007Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Albert Arnold Gore Jr"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"
2008Martti Ahtisaari"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[1]
2009Barack Obama"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."[2]
2010Liu Xiaobo"for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"[3]
2011Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman"for the security and women's rights"
2012European Union"for having over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe"[4]
2013Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weaponsfor its work in destroying chemical weapons
2014Kailash Satyarthi (India) and Malala Yousafzai (Pakistan)"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."
2015Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"[5]
2016Juan Manuel Santos"for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people"[6]
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