List of Egyptian gods and goddesses

This is a list of Egyptian Gods and goddesses from Egyptian mythology. The old Egyptians worshiped a few gods at different times and in different places.[1] Some gods changed in importance over time or were nonexistent until later eras.

Name of positionRoleNotes
AmunA creator godPatron of the city of Thebes
AmunetWife of Amunn, one of the creation goddesses.[2]
AnhurAn Egyptian sky god and God of war.[3] His name meant "sky-bearer".[3]Husband of Mehit
AnputGoddess of the seventeenth Nome of Upper EgyptMother of Kebechet
AnubisGod of dead, embalming, funerals, and mourning ceremonies
Jackal-headed god
Son of Set and Nephthys, given to Osiris by Nephthys to protect from his father
AnuketGoddess of the river Nile
ApisA live bull worshipped as a god at Memphis[4]
ApophisGod of snakes and war and ChaosHe lives in the Duat. Also known as Apep. God of chaos sometimes seen as Apophis the chaos snake.
AtenThe disk of the sunOriginally an aspect of Ra
BabiGod of baboons
BastCat goddessKnown to protect pregnant women and children. She is also involved in celebrations. The protector of Ra, his third eye.
BesDwarf god of entertainment
GebGod of the earthHusband to Nut and father of Set, Osiris, Nephthys, Isis and Horus
HapiGod of the Nile
HathorGoddess of love"alter ego" of Sekhmet
HeketGoddess of frogs
HorusGod of war, sky, and falconsHe is brother to Anubis and the son of Osiris and Isis. In another story, he is the sibling of Osiris and Isis and son of Geb and Nut.
IsisGoddess of magic, marriage, healing, and protectionShe is the wife and sister of Osiris and the mother and sister of Horus. When Osiris died, she resurrected him with magic by reattaching his limbs.
KebechetGoddess of purificationAlso known as the wandering goddess, or the lost child
KhepriGod of scarab beetles, sun, rebirth, and creationRa's aspect in the morning
KhnumRam-headed god, and god of the Nile River.Ra's aspect in the evening
KhonsuGod of the moonKnown in legend Nut gambles with him to add 5 days on to the end of the year to give birth to Horus, Osiris, Set, Nephthys, and Isis. Also known as the demon days.
KukPersonification of darkness
MaahesEgyptian lion-headed god of warThe son of the creator god Ptah, as well as the feline goddess Sekhmet
Ma'atGoddess of justice,truth and of orderAlso the daughter of Ra Command for Order
MafdetGod of justiceExecutioner of criminals, protector of the King's chambers
MehitA lioness goddessWife of Anhur
NephthysFunerary goddessConsort of Seth, mother of Anubis
NekhbetVulture goddessSister of Wadjet
NutWife of Geb
OsirisGod of the underworld and the afterlifeHusband and brother of Isis, Brother and mortal enemy to Set, father to Horus and Anubis.
PakhetA goddess of motherhood and of war[5]
PtahGod of creation
QebuiGod of the North wind[6]
QeteshGoddess of nature, beauty, sacred ecstasy , and sexual pleasureAdopted into ancient Egypt from Kadesh in what is now Syria.[7]
RaGod of the Sun and creationRa was king of the gods until Osiris took over his throne. He is also known as Amun-Ra and Akmun-Rah
Raet-TawyFemale sun goddess of Upper and Lower Egypt[8]Female counterpart of Ra[9]
SekhmetGoddess of lions, fire and vengeanceAlter form of Hathor
SekerFalcon godPrimary god of the Memphis necropolis
SerqetGoddess of scorpions, magic, medicine, and healing venomous stings and bites.
SeshatGoddess of writing and measurement
SetGod of chaos/change, deserts, storms, foreignersAlso spelled Sutekh, Setesh, Seteh, Seth). Mortal enemy and brother to Osiris, Husband to Nephthys. He killed his brother Osiris because of jealousy. No one can really describe what he is. He is a human hybrid, half human mixed with an unknown creature. It is sometimes called the set animal
ShuGod of wind, air , and lightConsort of Tefnut, father of Geb and Nut Greatgrandfather to Anubis and Horus
SobekGod of crocodilesRows Ra's Sunboat through the Duat
SopduA god of sky, the lord of the east. and is connected with Sah the goddess of SopdetAssociated with the sun and with the planet Venus
TawaretHippopotamus goddess
Goddess of childbirth and fertility
TefnutLion goddess of water and fertilityConsort of Shu, mother of Geb and Nut
ThothScribe God of Knowledge, the Moon, Measurement, Wisdom, the Alphabet, Djeru, Records, Thought, Intelligence, Meditation, the Mind, Logic, Reason, Reading, Hieroglyphics, Magic, Secrets, Scribes, and WritingAlso known as Djehuti
WadjetGoddess of protectionSister of Nekhbet
Wadj-werPersonifies the Mediterranean Sea and other lakes.
  • references

References

  1. Hill, J. (2018). "The Gods of Ancient Egypt". Retrieved 14 2018. Unknown parameter |Goldman work= ignored (help); Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. Pat Remler, Egyptian Mythology, A to Z (New York: Chelsea House, 2010), p. 14
  3. 3.0 3.1 Margaret Bunson, Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (New York: Facts on File, 2002), p. 38
  4. George Hart, The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Second Edition (London; New York: Routledge, 2005), pp. 29–30
  5. "Egyptian Gods: Pakhet". Egyptian-Gods.org. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
  6. Pat Remler, Egyptian Mythology, A to Z (New York: Chelsea House, 2010). p. 160
  7. A.E. Whatham, 'Phallic Symbolism', American Journal of Urology and Sexology, Volume 14, ed. Henry G. Spooner (January–December, 1918), p. 71
  8. Geraldine Pinch, Handbook of Egyptian Mythology (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002), p. 185
  9. Richard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt (London: Thames & Hudson, 2003), p. 164
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