Lima

Lima
Capital city
Lima2017.png
From top, left to right: Costa Verde (Miraflores District), Plaza Mayor of Lima, Cathedral of Lima, Park of the Reserve, Skyline San Isidro District, Monastery of San Francisco, Lima City
Flag of Lima
Flag
Official seal of Lima
Seal
Nickname(s): La Ciudad de los Reyes (The City of Kings)
La Tres Veces Coronada de Villa (The Three Times Crowned Villa)
La Perla del Pacífico (The Pearl of the Pacific)
Lima La Gris (Lima the grey)
Lima is located in Peru
Lima
Lima
Location within Peru
Lima is located in South America
Lima
Lima
Lima (South America)
Lima is located in Earth
Lima
Lima
Lima (Earth)
Coordinates: 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / -12.04333; -77.02833
CountryPeru
ProvinceLima Province
EstablishedJanuary 18, 1535
Founded byFrancisco Pizarro
Government
 • MayorLuis Castañeda Lossio
Area
 • City2,672.3 km2 (1,031.8 sq mi)
 • Urban800 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro2,819.3 km2 (1,088.5 sq mi)
Elevation[1]0-1,550 m (0-5,090 ft)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Urban9,752,000
 • Urban density12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
 • Metro12,140,000
Demonym(s)Limeño (Male)
Limeña (Female)
Time zonePET (UTC−5)
WebsiteOfficial Website

Lima is the capital city (where the government works), and is considered the most important and largest city of Peru. 75% of the Peruvian economy is handled in Lima. Lima is the industrial and financial center of Peru, and one of the most important financial centers in Latin America.

It is an important city of South America and the entrance to Peru. Lima is city in constant urban growth. It has a large population. Over 8 million people live in the metropolitan area, which includes Callao Seaport. Lima is the fifth largest city in Latin America, behind Mexico City, São Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro.

The city was founded by the Spanish conquistador (conqueror) Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. He called it 'La Ciudad de los Reyes' (the City of the Kings). It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Perú. And after the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru.

In the 1940s, Lima started a period of rapid growth, with the migration from the Andean regions of Peru, as rural people. They wanted to find better opportunities for work and education. The population, estimated at 0.6 million in 1940, reached 1.9M by 1960 and 4.8M by 1980.

Lima has developed an important tourism industry, characterized by its historic center, archeological sites, nightlife, museums, art galleries, festivals, popular traditions, and gastronomy. Lima is considered Americas's gastronomical capital.

Lima is made up of mainly Spanish speaking inhabitants with over 90% of the population speaking the language. Lima Province has 43 districts, including:

1 - Cercado de Lima

3 - Ate

4 - Barranco

5 - Brena

7 - Comas

9 - Chorrillos

10 - El Agustino

11 - Jesus Maria

12 - La Molina

13 - La Victoria

14 - Lince

17 - Magdalena del Mar

18 - Miraflores

21 - Pueblo Libre

22 - Puente Piedra

25 - Rimac

27 - San Isidro

28 - Independence

29 - San Juan de Miraflores

30 - San Luis

31 - San Martin de Porres

32 - San Miguel

33 - Santiago de Surco

34 - Surquillo

35 - Villa María del Triunfo

36 - San Juan de Lurigancho

38 - Santa Rosa

39 - Los Olivos

41 - San Borja

42 - Villa El Savador

43 - Santa Anita

  • references

References


Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Лима
Afrikaans: Lima
Akan: Lima
Alemannisch: Lima
አማርኛ: ሊማ
Аҧсшәа: Лима
العربية: ليما
aragonés: Lima
arpetan: Lima
asturianu: Lima
Avañe'ẽ: Lima
Aymar aru: Lima
azərbaycanca: Lima
বাংলা: লিমা
Bân-lâm-gú: Lima
беларуская: Ліма
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ліма
भोजपुरी: लीमा
български: Лима
Boarisch: Lima
བོད་ཡིག: ལི་མ།
bosanski: Lima
brezhoneg: Lima
català: Lima
Чӑвашла: Лима
Cebuano: Lima
čeština: Lima
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Lima
chiShona: Lima
Cymraeg: Lima
dansk: Lima
Deutsch: Lima
Ελληνικά: Λίμα
English: Lima
español: Lima
Esperanto: Limo
estremeñu: Lima
euskara: Lima
فارسی: لیما
Fiji Hindi: Lima
føroyskt: Lima
français: Lima
Frysk: Lima
Gaeilge: Líoma
Gagauz: Lima
Gàidhlig: Lima
galego: Lima
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lima
한국어: 리마
Hausa: Lima
Hawaiʻi: Lima
Հայերեն: Լիմա
हिन्दी: लीमा
hornjoserbsce: Lima
hrvatski: Lima
Ido: Lima
Bahasa Indonesia: Lima, Peru
interlingua: Lima
Interlingue: Lima
Ирон: Лимæ
íslenska: Líma
italiano: Lima (Perù)
עברית: לימה
kalaallisut: Lima
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಲಿಮಾ
къарачай-малкъар: Лима
ქართული: ლიმა
қазақша: Лима
Kinyarwanda: Lima
Kiswahili: Lima
Kongo: Lima
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lima
kurdî: Lîma
Кыргызча: Лима
Ladino: Lima
Latina: Lima
latviešu: Lima
Lëtzebuergesch: Lima
lietuvių: Lima
Ligure: Lìmma
lingála: Lima
Livvinkarjala: Lima
lumbaart: Lima
magyar: Lima
македонски: Лима
Malagasy: Lima
മലയാളം: ലിമ
Māori: Lima
मराठी: लिमा
მარგალური: ლიმა
مصرى: ليما
Bahasa Melayu: Lima
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lima
Mirandés: Lima
Dorerin Naoero: Lima
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Lima (Peru)
Nederlands: Lima (stad)
日本語: リマ
нохчийн: Лима
norsk: Lima
norsk nynorsk: Lima
Novial: Lima
occitan: Lima
олык марий: Лима
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଲିମା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lima
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲੀਮਾ
پنجابی: لیما
Papiamentu: Lima
Piemontèis: Lima
Plattdüütsch: Lima
polski: Lima
português: Lima
Qaraqalpaqsha: Lima
qırımtatarca: Lima
reo tahiti: Lima
română: Lima
Romani: Lima
rumantsch: Lima
Runa Simi: Limaq
русский: Лима
sardu: Lima
Scots: Lima
Seeltersk: Lima
Sesotho: Lima
shqip: Lima
sicilianu: Lima
slovenčina: Lima
slovenščina: Lima
ślůnski: Lima
српски / srpski: Лима
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lima
suomi: Lima
svenska: Lima
தமிழ்: லிமா
Taqbaylit: Lima
татарча/tatarça: Лима
tetun: Lima
ไทย: ลิมา
Türkçe: Lima
українська: Ліма
اردو: لیما
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: لىما
vèneto: Lima
vepsän kel’: Lim
Tiếng Việt: Lima
Volapük: Lima
Võro: Lima
Winaray: Lima
吴语: 利马
ייִדיש: לימא
Yorùbá: Lima
粵語: 利馬
Zazaki: Lima
žemaitėška: Lima
中文: 利馬
डोटेली: लिमा
Lingua Franca Nova: Lima