Kurdish language

Kurdish
كوردی, Kurdî, Kurdí, Кöрди[1]
Native toTurkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Ethnicity30-46 million Kurds
Native speakers
30 million (2007)[2]
Indo-European
Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet) in Iraq and Iran, Latin (Hawar alphabet) in Turkey, Syria and Armenia
Official status
Official language in
 Iraq: status as official language alongside Arabic.
 Iran: constitutional status as a regional language
 Armenia: minority language[3]
 AZE: minority language in 5 districts[4]
Language codes
ku
kur
ISO 639-3kur – ckb – kmr – sdh – lki – Laki
Linguasphere58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b (Central Kurdish incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl. Kurdi)
Idioma kurdo.PNG
Map of Kurdish speaking areas of middle-East

The Kurdish language is a language mostly spoken in an area called Kurdistan, including by Kurdish people in parts of the countries Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.[5]

The dialect of Piranshahr and Mahabad is Mukriani.

It belongs to the same language group as the Iranian languages. Another well-known Iranian language is Persian. It is considered an Indo-European language.

  • references

References

  1. "Kurdish Language – Kurdish Academy of Language". Kurdishacademy.org. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  2. Only very rough estimates are possible. SIL Ethnologue gives estimates, broken down by dialect group, totalling 31 million, but with the caveat of "Very provisional figures for Northern Kurdish speaker population". Ethnologue estimates for dialect groups: Northern: 20.2M (undated; 15M in Turkey for 2009), Central: 6.75M (2009), Southern: 3M (2000), Laki: 1M (2000). The Swedish Nationalencyklopedin listed Kurdish in its "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), citing an estimate of 20.6 million native speakers.
  3. European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
  4. https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kmr
  5. "Geographic distribution of the Kurdish language".
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Koerdies
Alemannisch: Kurdische Sprache
አማርኛ: ኩርድኛ
العربية: لغة كردية
aragonés: Idioma kurdo
asturianu: Idioma curdu
azərbaycanca: Kürd dili
تۆرکجه: کورد دیلی
Bân-lâm-gú: Kurd-gí
башҡортса: Курд телдәре
беларуская: Курдская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Курдзкая мова
български: Кюрдски езици
brezhoneg: Kurdeg
català: Kurd
Чӑвашла: Курт чĕлхи
čeština: Kurdština
Cymraeg: Cyrdeg
dolnoserbski: Kurdšćina
eesti: Kurdi keel
español: Idioma kurdo
Esperanto: Kurda lingvo
estremeñu: Luenga kurda
euskara: Kurduera
Fiji Hindi: Kurdish bhasa
français: Kurde
Gaeilge: An Choirdis
galego: Lingua kurda
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kurdi-ngî
хальмг: Курдин келн
한국어: 쿠르드어
հայերեն: Քրդերեն
hornjoserbsce: Kurdšćina
hrvatski: Kurdski jezik
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Kurdi
íslenska: Kúrdíska
italiano: Lingua curda
עברית: כורדית
Basa Jawa: Basa Kurdhi
kalaallisut: Kurdiskisut
ქართული: ქურთული ენა
қазақша: Күрд тілі
Kiswahili: Kikurdi
لۊری شومالی: زوٙن کوردی
latviešu: Kurdu valoda
lietuvių: Kurdų kalba
Ligure: Lengua curda
Limburgs: Koerdisch
Lingua Franca Nova: Curdi (lingua)
lumbaart: Lengua cürda
magyar: Kurd nyelv
македонски: Курдски јазик
Māori: Reo Ketisí
مازِرونی: کوردی
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Kurdi
Nederlands: Koerdisch
日本語: クルド語
Nordfriisk: Kurdisk spriaken
norsk: Kurdisk
norsk nynorsk: Kurdisk
Novial: Kurdum
occitan: Curd
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kurd tili
پنجابی: کردی
português: Língua curda
română: Limba kurdă
Runa Simi: Kurdi simi
sicilianu: Lingua curda
slovenčina: Kurdčina
српски / srpski: Курдски језици
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kurdski jezik
suomi: Kurdi
svenska: Kurdiska
Taqbaylit: Takurdit
татарча/tatarça: Көрд теле
Türkçe: Kürtçe
українська: Курдська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كۇرد تىلى
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Kurd
文言: 庫爾德語
ייִדיש: קורדיש
粵語: 庫爾德文
Zazaki: Kurdki
中文: 庫爾德語