John Dewey

John Dewey
John Dewey in 1902.jpg
John Dewey in 1902
Born(1859-11-20)November 20, 1859
DiedJune 1, 1952(1952-06-01) (aged 92)
Spouse(s)Alice Chipman

John Dewey (born 20 October 1859) was an American psychologist and philosopher. He was born in Burlington, Vermont. Dewey graduated from the University of Vermont.[1] He later taught at many schools. In September 1882, Dewey went to the Johns Hopkins University[2] and studied philosophy and psychology and published the paper, "The New Psychology" in the Andover Review in 1884.[3] Afterwards, he taught psychology at universities and later on, got married to his former student Alice Chipman.[4] In 1886, he started a new school which came to be known as the "Laboratory School" or "Dewey School".[5] This school taught pragmatism, which says that a school's curriculum should be based on everyday life, lessons, and focuses on hands-on activities to better help students learn. His wife Alice was principal of the "Dewey School" from 1901 to 1904.[6] After he retired as a teacher, he continued watching and figuring the society and politics. John Dewey died in 1952.


John Dewey believed in the "theory of inquiry", which shows how animals survived in their environment. He used the theory in the way he taught. He said that children learn best with real-life problems and hands-on activities. His most well-known essay was "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" (1896) which created the stimulus that became the response, which later became known as social behaviorism. For example, a person focuses on something, decides what to do, then acts on the decision.

Other Languages
العربية: جون ديوي
asturianu: John Dewey
azərbaycanca: Con Dyui
Bân-lâm-gú: John Dewey
беларуская: Джон Дзьюі
български: Джон Дюи
bosanski: John Dewey
català: John Dewey
čeština: John Dewey
dansk: John Dewey
Deutsch: John Dewey
eesti: John Dewey
Ελληνικά: Τζον Ντιούι
English: John Dewey
español: John Dewey
Esperanto: John Dewey
euskara: John Dewey
فارسی: جان دیویی
français: John Dewey
galego: John Dewey
한국어: 존 듀이
հայերեն: Ջոն Դյուի
हिन्दी: जॉन डिवी
hrvatski: John Dewey
Bahasa Indonesia: John Dewey
interlingua: John Dewey
íslenska: John Dewey
italiano: John Dewey
עברית: ג'ון דיואי
ქართული: ჯონ დიუი
қазақша: Джон Дьюи
Kiswahili: John Dewey
Кыргызча: Жон Дьюи
latviešu: Džons Djūijs
lietuvių: John Dewey
magyar: John Dewey
македонски: Џон Дјуи
Malagasy: John Dewey
മലയാളം: ജോൺ ഡ്യൂയി
मराठी: जॉन ड्युई
Nederlands: John Dewey
norsk: John Dewey
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੌਨ ਡੇਵੀ
Piemontèis: John Dewey
polski: John Dewey
português: John Dewey
română: John Dewey
русский: Дьюи, Джон
Scots: John Dewey
shqip: John Dewey
slovenčina: John Dewey
slovenščina: John Dewey
کوردی: جۆن دووی
српски / srpski: Џон Дјуи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: John Dewey
suomi: John Dewey
svenska: John Dewey
தமிழ்: ஜான் டூயி
Türkçe: John Dewey
українська: Джон Дьюї
Tiếng Việt: John Dewey
Winaray: John Dewey
Yorùbá: John Dewey