Jerusalem
English: Jerusalem

Jerusalem

City
From upper left: Jerusalem skyline looking north from St. Elijah Monastery, a souq in the Old City, Mamilla Mall, the Knesset, the Dome of the Rock, the citadel (known as the Tower of David) and the Old City walls, and the Western Wall.
From upper left: Jerusalem skyline looking north from St. Elijah Monastery, a souq in the Old City, Mamilla Mall, the Knesset, the Dome of the Rock, the citadel (known as the Tower of David) and the Old City walls, and the Western Wall.
Flag of Jerusalem
Flag
Emblem of Jerusalem
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Ir ha-Kodesh (The Holy City),
Bayt al-Maqdis (House of the Holiness)
Location of Jerusalem
Location of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Coordinates: 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783; 35.217
Official name148
RegionJerusalem District
Endangered1982–present
MiddleEast.A2003031.0820.250m.jpg
BritishMandatePalestine1920.png
Palestine
Flag of Palestine - long triangle.svg
Dome in Jerusalem The Capital City Of Palestine
1 Palestine Pound 1939 Obverse.jpg
عملة فلسطينية معدنية.jpg
British Mandate Palestinian passport.jpg

Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world that people have lived in continuously. It is important to many major religions. Jews consider Jerusalem a holy city because it was their religious and political center during Biblical times and was the place where the Temple of God stood. Christians consider Jerusalem holy because many events in the life of Jesus took place there. Muslims believe that Muhammad rose to heaven from Jerusalem, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque is the first Qibla of Muslims after Mecca.

Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel. However, due to a controversy regarding this designation, most countries have their embassies in Tel Aviv.[5][6]

Jerusalem is about 40 miles (64 kilometers) east of the Mediterranean Sea. It is a hilly city with many valleys around it.

History

Jerusalem is a very old city. It has great importance for three religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The Bible says King David, the second king of Israel, took this city from pagans and settled his palace there. King Solomon, David's son and the next king, built the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. Later, as capital of Judah, Jerusalem was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar II, the king of Babylon. The Palace of King David and the Temple of Solomon were burned, and the Jews were captured and taken to Babylon. Seventy years later, the Persian King Cyrus allowed them to return to Jerusalem and to rebuild the Temple.

Later the area was occupied by Romans. King Herod the Great, who ruled for the Roman Emperor, made the Temple larger to try and win Jewish favor. The Temple was famous for its greatness and beauty.

Jesus died in Jerusalem around 33 CE. In 70 CE, the Jews rebelled against the Romans, but the Romans destroyed the city and the Temple. Jewish people who lived in Jerusalem were caught and became slaves. The Romans renamed Jerusalem with a Latin name. Since then, the Temple has not been rebuilt, and only a part of its wall remains until today.

After the Roman Empire was split into two, the Byzantine Empire ruled Jerusalem. Later, Muslims took over the city from them. The Muslims believed Muhammad went to heaven from Jerusalem.

Later, the Pope in Rome sent the Crusaders from Western Europe to try and take Jerusalem back. They succeeded for a while, but eventually the city fell again to the Saracens. Until the 20th century, Jerusalem was a part of the Ottoman Empire. There were some Jews in Jerusalem all along, even though they were ruled by other people.

The "New City" of Jerusalem is the part outside the old stone walls. People started building the new city in the 1800s. Mishkenot Sha'annanim, Mea Shearim, and the Bukharan Quarter are some of the first neighborhoods in the new city.

In 1949, at the end of the first Arab-Israeli War, Jerusalem was divided between Israel and Jordan. Israel controlled the western part of the city. Jordan controlled the eastern section, including the Old City, a walled section of Jerusalem dating from Biblical times. Israel took control of the entire city during the Six-Day War in 1967.

Jerusalem today is claimed by the state of Israeli as its capital. The United Nations does not agree to Israel saying that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

Other Languages
Acèh: Al-Quds
Afrikaans: Jerusalem
Alemannisch: Jerusalem
አማርኛ: እየሩሳሌም
Ænglisc: Ierusalem
العربية: القدس
aragonés: Cherusalem
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܘܪܫܠܡ
অসমীয়া: জেৰুজালেম
asturianu: Xerusalén
Avañe'ẽ: Herusalẽ
azərbaycanca: Qüds
تۆرکجه: بیت‌المقدس
bamanankan: Jerusalem
Bahasa Banjar: Baitul Maqdis
Bân-lâm-gú: Iâ-lō͘-sat-léng
башҡортса: Иерусалим
беларуская: Іерусалім
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ерусалім
भोजपुरी: येरुशलम
Bikol Central: Herusalem
български: Йерусалим
Boarisch: Jerusalem
bosanski: Jerusalem
brezhoneg: Jeruzalem
буряад: Иерусалим
català: Jerusalem
Чӑвашла: Иерусалим
Cebuano: Jerusalen
čeština: Jeruzalém
Chamoru: Jerusalem
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Jerusalén
Chi-Chewa: Jerusalem
chiShona: Jerusalem
chiTumbuka: Jerusalem
Cymraeg: Jeriwsalem
dansk: Jerusalem
Deutsch: Jerusalem
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޤުދުސް
dolnoserbski: Jeruzalem
डोटेली: जेरुशलम
Ελληνικά: Ιερουσαλήμ
English: Jerusalem
эрзянь: Иерусалим
español: Jerusalén
Esperanto: Jerusalemo
estremeñu: Jerusalén
euskara: Jerusalem
فارسی: اورشلیم
Fiji Hindi: Jerusalem
føroyskt: Jerúsalem
français: Jérusalem
Frysk: Jeruzalim
furlan: Jerusalem
Gaeilge: Iarúsailéim
Gaelg: Jerusalem
Gàidhlig: Ierusalem
galego: Xerusalén
ГӀалгӀай: Байтулмакъдис
贛語: 耶路撒冷
Gĩkũyũ: Jerusalem
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yâ-lu-sat-lâng
한국어: 예루살렘
Hawaiʻi: Ielukalema
հայերեն: Երուսաղեմ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Երուսաղէմ
हिन्दी: यरुशलम
hornjoserbsce: Jeruzalem
hrvatski: Jeruzalem
Igbo: Jerusalem
Ilokano: Herusalem
Bahasa Indonesia: Yerusalem
interlingua: Jerusalem
Interlingue: Jerusalem
isiXhosa: IJerusalem
isiZulu: IYerusalem
íslenska: Jerúsalem
italiano: Gerusalemme
עברית: ירושלים
Kabɩyɛ: Jeruzalɛm
kalaallisut: Jerusalem
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜೆರುಸಲೆಂ
ქართული: იერუსალიმი
kaszëbsczi: Jerozolëma
қазақша: Иерусалим
kernowek: Jerusalem
Kinyarwanda: Yerusalemu
Kirundi: Jerusalem
Kiswahili: Yerusalemu
kurdî: Orşelîm
Кыргызча: Иерусалим
Ladino: Yerushalayim
لۊری شومالی: اۊرشٱلیم
Latina: Hierosolyma
latviešu: Jeruzaleme
Lëtzebuergesch: Jerusalem
лезги: Иерусалим
lietuvių: Jeruzalė
Ligure: Gerusalemme
Limburgs: Jeruzalem
lingála: Yerusalémi
Lingua Franca Nova: Ieruxalim
Livvinkarjala: Jerusalimu
lumbaart: Gerüsalem
magyar: Jeruzsálem
मैथिली: जेरुसेलम
македонски: Ерусалим
Malagasy: Jerosalema
മലയാളം: ജെറുസലേം
मराठी: जेरुसलेम
მარგალური: იერუსალიმი
مصرى: القدس
مازِرونی: اورشلیم
Bahasa Melayu: Baitulmuqaddis
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ià-lô-sák-lēng
Mirandés: Jarusalen
мокшень: Ерусалим
монгол: Иерусалим
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျေရုဆလင်မြို့
Nāhuatl: Jerusalen
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Jerusalemi
Nederlands: Jeruzalem
नेपाली: जेरुसेलम
日本語: エルサレム
Napulitano: Gierusalemme
нохчийн: Къудс-ГӀала
Nordfriisk: Jerusalem
Norfuk / Pitkern: Jerusalem
norsk: Jerusalem
norsk nynorsk: Jerusalem
Nouormand: Jérusalem
Novial: Jerusalem
occitan: Jerusalèm
олык марий: Иерусалим
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Quddus
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੇਰੂਸਲਮ
پنجابی: یروشلم
Papiamentu: Herusalem
Patois: Jiruusalem
Piemontèis: Gerusalem
Tok Pisin: Yerusalem
Plattdüütsch: Jerusalem
polski: Jerozolima
Ποντιακά: Ιερουσαλήμ
português: Jerusalém
Qaraqalpaqsha: Al-Qudıs
qırımtatarca: Qudus
română: Ierusalim
romani čhib: Jerusalem
rumantsch: Jerusalem
Runa Simi: Yerushalayim
русиньскый: Єрусалим
русский: Иерусалим
саха тыла: Иерусалим
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱡᱮᱨᱩᱥᱟᱞᱤᱢ
Gagana Samoa: Ierusalema
Scots: Jerusalem
Seeltersk: Jerusalem
shqip: Jeruzalemi
sicilianu: Girusalemmi
slovenčina: Jeruzalem
slovenščina: Jeruzalem
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Їєроусалимъ
ślůnski: Jerozolima
Soomaaliga: Qudus
کوردی: ئورشەلیم
Sranantongo: Jerusalem
српски / srpski: Јерусалим
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jeruzalem
Basa Sunda: Yerusalem
suomi: Jerusalem
svenska: Jerusalem
Tagalog: Herusalem
தமிழ்: எருசலேம்
Taqbaylit: Urcalim
tarandíne: Gerusalemme
татарча/tatarça: Иерусалим
తెలుగు: జెరూసలేం
тоҷикӣ: Уршалим
Türkçe: Kudüs
Türkmençe: Ierusalim
українська: Єрусалим
اردو: یروشلم
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: قۇدس
vèneto: Hierusalem
vepsän kel’: Jerusalim
Tiếng Việt: Jerusalem
Volapük: Hierusalem
walon: Djeruzalem
文言: 耶路撒冷
Winaray: Jerusalén
Wolof: Jerusalem
吴语: 耶路撒冷
ייִדיש: ירושלים
粵語: 耶路撒冷
Zazaki: Urşelim
Zeêuws: Jeruzalem
žemaitėška: Jerozalė
中文: 耶路撒冷