Istanbul
English: Istanbul

Istanbul

İstanbul
Metropolitan municipality
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
See caption
Clockwise from top: The Golden Horn between Galata and the Seraglio Point; Maslak financial district; İstiklal Avenue; Kuleli Military High School; and Sultan Ahmed Mosque
CountryTurkey
RegionMarmara
ProvinceIstanbul
 - Byzantiumc. 660 BC
 - Constantinople330 AD
 - Istanbul1930 (officially)[a]
Districts39
Government
 • MayorKadir Topbaş (AKP)
Area
 • Metro
5,343 km2 (2,063 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Metropolitan municipality13,854,740
 • Rank1st Turkey, 2nd World
 • Density2,593/km2 (6,720/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Istanbulite(s)
(Turkish: İstanbullu(lar))
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
Postal code
34000 to 34850
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
Satellite Image of Istanbul, the Bosporus and the Black Sea
Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror Bridge across the Bosporus

Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is a city on the European side of Turkey. It is the largest city in Europe by population. Istanbul is also the 3rd largest European city in size. It was the capital city of the old Ottoman Empire until 1923. The city has been known since ancient times by the older names Byzantium and Constantinople (Latin: Constantinopolis; Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, Konstantinoúpolis). Being a seaport, Istanbul is the main trade center of Turkey.

Part of Istanbul is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Istanbul faces the Golden Horn and the Bosporus strait. The Bosphorus connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and separates Europe and Asia. The city is actually in both Europe and Asia.[3] One third of the people live on the Asian side. Its population is between 11 and 15 million people, making it one of the largest cities in Europe. Many people migrate to Istanbul every year.

Its original name was Byzantion in the Greek language, known as Byzantium in the Latin language. Byzantium was originally settled as a colony by Greeks from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king, Byzas. In 196 AD, Byzantium was damaged by the Romans, then rebuilt by the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus. Constantine the Great thought this city was in a nice location, and in 330, moved the capital of the Empire from Rome to there, as New Rome (Latin: Nova Roma; {{lang-el|Νέα Ρώμη, Nea Rómi), renaming the city Constantinople, after his name.

When the Roman Empire was later divided into two, the East Roman Empire was known as the Byzantine Empire, and its capital was in Constantinople where Hagia Sophia had been built. Although it was captured by Crusaders for a time, it continued as one of political, cultural, religious and economical centers of Europe until it finally fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.

After the Ottoman Empire ended, the Republic of Turkey was started with its capital at Ankara.

Notes

  1. The name of the city was officially changed to its present name of Istanbul in 1930, but the name has been in use since even before the 1453 Ottoman conquest.[1]
Other Languages
Acèh: Éseutamu
Адыгэбзэ: Истамбыл
адыгабзэ: Истамбыл
Afrikaans: Istanboel
Akan: Istanbul
Alemannisch: Istanbul
አማርኛ: ኢስታንቡል
Аҧсшәа: Асҭампыл
العربية: إسطنبول
aragonés: Istambul
arpetan: Istanbul
অসমীয়া: ইষ্টানবুল
asturianu: Estambul
azərbaycanca: İstanbul
تۆرکجه: ایستانبول
bamanankan: Istanbul
Bân-lâm-gú: İstanbul
башҡортса: Истанбул
беларуская: Стамбул
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Стамбул
भोजपुरी: इस्तांबुल
български: Истанбул
Boarisch: Istanbul
bosanski: Istanbul
brezhoneg: Istanbul
буряад: Истанбул
català: Istanbul
Чӑвашла: Стамбул
Cebuano: Estambul
čeština: Istanbul
Chi-Chewa: Istanbul
chiTumbuka: Istanbul
Cymraeg: Istanbul
dansk: Istanbul
davvisámegiella: Istanbul
Deutsch: Istanbul
dolnoserbski: Istanbul
डोटेली: इस्तानबुल
eesti: İstanbul
English: Istanbul
эрзянь: Стамбул ош
español: Estambul
Esperanto: Istanbulo
estremeñu: Estambul
euskara: Istanbul
فارسی: استانبول
Fiji Hindi: Istanbul
føroyskt: Istanbul
français: Istanbul
Frysk: Istanbûl
furlan: Istanbul
Gaeilge: Iostanbúl
Gaelg: İstanbul
Gagauz: İstanbul
Gàidhlig: Istanbul
galego: Istambul
ГӀалгӀай: Истмале
Gĩkũyũ: İstanbul
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽𐌱𐌿𐌻
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Istanbul
한국어: 이스탄불
Hausa: Istanbul
հայերեն: Ստամբուլ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Իսթանպուլ
हिन्दी: इस्तांबुल
hornjoserbsce: Istanbul
hrvatski: Istanbul
Ilokano: Istanbul
Bahasa Indonesia: Istanbul
interlingua: Istanbul
Interlingue: Istanbul
Ирон: Стамбул
íslenska: Istanbúl
italiano: Istanbul
עברית: איסטנבול
Jawa: Istanbul
Kabɩyɛ: Isitambuli
kalaallisut: Istanbul
къарачай-малкъар: Истанбул
ქართული: სტამბოლი
kaszëbsczi: Sztambùl
қазақша: Ыстанбұл
kernowek: Istanbul
Kinyarwanda: Istanbul
Kiswahili: Istanbul
Kreyòl ayisyen: Istanboul
kurdî: Stembol
Кыргызча: Стамбул
кырык мары: Стамбул
Ladino: Estambol
лакку: Истамбул
لۊری شومالی: استانبول
latviešu: Stambula
Lëtzebuergesch: Istanbul
лезги: Истамбул
lietuvių: Stambulas
Limburgs: Istanboel
lingála: Istanbul
Lingua Franca Nova: Istanbul
Livvinkarjala: Istanbul
lumbaart: Istanbul
magyar: Isztambul
मैथिली: इस्तानबुल
македонски: Истанбул
Malagasy: Istanbul
മലയാളം: ഇസ്താംബുൾ
मराठी: इस्तंबूल
მარგალური: სტამბოლი
مازِرونی: استامبول
Bahasa Melayu: Istanbul
Minangkabau: Istanbul
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Istanbul
мокшень: Истанбул
монгол: Стамбул
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အစ်စတန်ဘူလ်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Istanbul
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Istanbul
Nederlands: Istanboel
Nedersaksies: Istanboel
नेपाली: इस्तानबुल
नेपाल भाषा: इस्तान्बुल
нохчийн: Истмала
Nordfriisk: Istanbul
Norfuk / Pitkern: Istanbul
norsk: Istanbul
norsk nynorsk: Istanbul
Novial: Istanbul
occitan: Istambol
олык марий: Стамбул
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Istanbul
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਸਤਾਨਬੁਲ
پنجابی: استمبول
پښتو: استنبول
Patois: Istanbul
Picard: Istamboul
Piemontèis: Istanbul
polski: Stambuł
português: Istambul
Qaraqalpaqsha: İstanbul
qırımtatarca: İstanbul
română: Istanbul
rumantsch: Istanbul
Runa Simi: Istanbul
русиньскый: Істанбул
русский: Стамбул
саха тыла: Истанбул
sardu: Istanbul
Scots: Istanbul
shqip: Stambolli
sicilianu: Istanbul
سنڌي: استنبول
slovenčina: Istanbul
slovenščina: Carigrad
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Цѣсар҄ь Градъ
ślůnski: Stambuł
Soomaaliga: Istanbuul
کوردی: ئەستەمبوڵ
српски / srpski: Истанбул
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Istanbul
suomi: Istanbul
svenska: Istanbul
Tagalog: Istanbul
Taqbaylit: Istambul
tarandíne: Istanbul
татарча/tatarça: Истанбул
తెలుగు: ఇస్తాంబుల్
tetun: Istanbul
тоҷикӣ: Истанбул
Türkçe: İstanbul
Türkmençe: Stambul
тыва дыл: Истaнбул
удмурт: Стамбул
українська: Стамбул
اردو: استنبول
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Istanbul
vèneto: Istanbul
vepsän kel’: Stambul
Tiếng Việt: Istanbul
Volapük: İstanbul
Võro: Istanbul
Winaray: Istanbul
ייִדיש: סטאמבול
Yorùbá: Istanbul
粵語: 伊斯坦堡
Zazaki: Estamol
Zeêuws: Istanbul
žemaitėška: Stambols
中文: 伊斯坦堡