Islamic calendar

The Islamic calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري) is a calendar. It is used to determine islamic holidays. It is a lunar calendar. It has 12 months, and about 354 days. This means that each year, the calendar is about 11 days shorter than a solar calendar, like the Gregorian. Islamic years are often called hijra years, because the first year of the calendar when the hijra occurred, that is when Muhammad went from Mecca to Medina. Each year is therefore labelled with either H or AH.

What the months are called

  1. Muharram محرّم (long form: Muḥarram ul Ḥaram)
  2. Safar صفر (long form: Ṣafar ul Muzaffar)
  3. Rabi' al-awwal (Rabī' I) ربيع الأول
  4. Rabi' al-thani (or Rabī' al Thānī, or Rabī' al-Akhir) (Rabī' II) ربيع الآخر أو ربيع الثاني
  5. Jumada al-awwal (Jumādā I) جمادى الأول
  6. Jumada al-thani (or Jumādā al-akhir) (Jumādā II) جمادى الآخر أو جمادى الثاني
  7. Rajab رجب (long form: Rajab al Murajab)
  8. Sha'aban شعبان (long form: Sha'abān ul Moazam)
  9. Ramadan رمضان (or Ramzān, long form: Ramaḍān ul Mubarak)
  10. Shawwal شوّال (long form: Shawwal ul Mukarram)
  11. Dhu al-Qi'dah ذو القعدة
  12. Dhu al-Hijjah ذو الحجة
Other Languages
العربية: تقويم هجري
azərbaycanca: Hicri təqvim
Bân-lâm-gú: Islam Le̍k-hoat
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мусульманскі каляндар
Esperanto: Islama kalendaro
한국어: 이슬람력
हिन्दी: हिजरी
Bahasa Indonesia: Kalender Hijriyah
interlingua: Calendario islamic
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: اِسلامی تَقويٖم
македонски: Исламски календар
Bahasa Melayu: Takwim Hijrah
日本語: ヒジュラ暦
norsk nynorsk: Muslimsk tidsrekning
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Islomiy taqvim
slovenčina: Islamský kalendár
slovenščina: Islamski koledar
српски / srpski: Исламски календар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Islamski kalendar
Basa Sunda: Kalénder Islam
татарча/tatarça: Һиҗри тәкъвим
Türkçe: Hicrî takvim
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ھىجرىيە تەقۋىمى
Tiếng Việt: Lịch Hồi giáo
吴语: 伊斯兰历
粵語: 回曆
中文: 伊斯兰历