Iris (plant)

Iris
Iris germanica (Purple bearded Iris), Wakehurst Place, UK - Diliff.jpg
Iris germanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
L.
Type species
Iris germanica
L.
Subgenera

Hermodactyloides
Iris
Limniris
Nepalensis
Scorpiris
Xiphium

Synonyms

Belamcanda
Hermodactylus
Iridodictyum
Juno
Junopsis
Pardanthopsis
×Pardancanda
Xiphion

Iris is a genus of 260–300 [1] species of flowering plants with showy flowers. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow. [2] This refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. The scientific name, iris is also very widely used as a common name for all Iris species, as well as some belonging to other closely related genera. It is a member of the Iridaceae family [3] It is a popular garden flower.

Description

Irises are hardy plants (able to survive outside during winter) that are easy to grow. [4] They attract butterflies and hummingbirds. [4] Irises are a favorite cut flower. The bearded irises (Iris germanica) is the tallest at about 28 inches (71 cm). [4] Irises have three large petals on the outside called "falls". They have three inner petals called "standards". Irises that are called bearded are because of soft hairs growing in the center. [4] Irises that are called combed have a ridge of hairs in the center. [4] A common name for some species is 'flags'. Plants of the sub genus Scorpiris are widely known as ' junos', particularly in horticulture.

Other Languages
العربية: سوسن
azərbaycanca: Süsən
беларуская: Касач
български: Ирис (растение)
čeština: Kosatec
Deutsch: Schwertlilien
Ελληνικά: Ίρις (βοτανική)
English: Iris (plant)
español: Iris (planta)
Esperanto: Irido
euskara: Lirio
فارسی: زنبق
galego: Lirio
한국어: 붓꽃속
Հայերեն: Հիրիկ
hornjoserbsce: Škleńčica
hrvatski: Perunika
Ido: Irido
íslenska: Íris (blóm)
italiano: Iris (botanica)
עברית: אירוס
ქართული: ზამბახი
қазақша: Құртқашаш
Kurdî: Pizîlaq
Кыргызча: Чекилдек (Iris)
lietuvių: Vilkdalgis
magyar: Nőszirom
Nederlands: Lis (geslacht)
日本語: アヤメ属
Nordfriisk: Iris
polski: Kosaciec
português: Iris (género)
română: Stânjenel
Runa Simi: Hamachi
slovenščina: Perunika
српски / srpski: Перунике
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Perunika
svenska: Irissläktet
тоҷикӣ: Савсан
українська: Півники
Tiếng Việt: Chi Diên vĩ
žemaitėška: Vėlkdalgīs
中文: 鸢尾属