India

Republic of India
भारत गणराज्य
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
State Emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
"Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people"[2][3]

National song
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][3]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi
Largest cityMumbai
18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500; 72.82583
Official languagesHindi
English[4][5]
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[7][8]
Religion79.8% Hinduism
14.2% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.7% Sikhism
0.7% Buddhism
0.4% Jainism
0.9% others[9][10]
DemonymIndian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
republic[1]
Ram Nath Kovind
Venkaiah Naidu
Narendra Modi
Dipak Misra
Sumitra Mahajan
LegislatureParliament of India
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
15 August 1947
26 January 1950
Area
• Total
3,287,263[11] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[b] (7th)
• Water (%)
9.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,293,057,000[12] (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[13][14] (2nd)
• Density
396.4/km2 (1,026.7/sq mi) (31st)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$8.727 trillion[15] (3rd)
• Per capita
$6,664[15] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$2.384 trillion[15] (7th)
• Per capita
$1,820[15] (141st)
Gini (2009)33.9[16]
medium · 79th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.609[17]
medium · 130th
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
• Summer (DST)
NA (UTCNA)
DST is not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD

.in

The Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य) is a country in Asia. It is at the center of South Asia. India has more than 1.2 billion (1,210,000,000) people, which is the second largest population in the world.[19] It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and the largest country in South Asia. It is also the most populous democracy in the world.[20][21][22]

India has seven neighbours: Pakistan in the north-west, China and Nepal in the north, Bhutan and Bangladesh in the north-east, Myanmar in the east and Sri Lanka, an island, in the south.

The capital of India is New Delhi. India is a peninsula, bound by the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal in the east. The coastline of India is of about 7,517 km (4,671 mi) long.[23] India has the third largest military force in the world and is also a nuclear weapon state.[24]

India's economy became the world's fastest growing in the G20 developing nations in the last quarter of 2014, replacing the People's Republic of China.[25] India's literacy and wealth are also rising.[26] According to New World Wealth, India is the seventh richest country in the world with a total individual wealth of $5.6 trillion.[27][28] However, it still has many social and economic issues like poverty and corruption. India is a founding member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and has signed the Kyoto Protocol.

India has the fourth largest number of spoken languages per country in the world, only behind Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and Nigeria.[29] People of many different religions live there, including the five most popular world religions: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism. The latter three religions came from the Indian subcontinent along with Jainism.

National Symbols of India

The National emblem of India shows four lions standing back-to-back. The lions symbolise power, pride, confidence, and courage (bravery). Only the government can use this emblem, according to the State Emblem of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005

The name India comes from the Greek word, Indus, ultimately derived from the word sindhu, which in time turned into Hind or Hindi or Hindu. The preferred native name or endonym is "Bharat" in Hindi and other Indian languages as contrasted with names from outsiders.

Emblem of India.svg
Other Languages
Acèh: India
Адыгэбзэ: Индиэ
адыгабзэ: Индие
Afrikaans: Indië
Akan: India
Alemannisch: Indien
አማርኛ: ህንድ
Ænglisc: Indea
العربية: الهند
aragonés: India
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܗܢܕܘ
armãneashti: India
arpetan: Ende
অসমীয়া: ভাৰত
asturianu: India
Avañe'ẽ: Índia
Aymar aru: Indya
azərbaycanca: Hindistan
تۆرکجه: هیندوستان
বাংলা: ভারত
Bahasa Banjar: India
Bân-lâm-gú: Ìn-tō͘
Basa Banyumasan: India
башҡортса: Һиндостан
беларуская: Індыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Індыя
भोजपुरी: भारत
Bikol Central: Indya
Bislama: India
български: Индия
Boarisch: Indien
བོད་ཡིག: རྒྱ་གར།
bosanski: Indija
brezhoneg: India
буряад: Энэдхэг
català: Índia
Чӑвашла: Инди
Cebuano: Indya
čeština: Indie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: India
Chi-Chewa: India
chiShona: India
chiTumbuka: India
corsu: India
Cymraeg: India
dansk: Indien
davvisámegiella: India
Deitsch: India
Deutsch: Indien
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިންޑިޔާ
dolnoserbski: Indiska
ཇོང་ཁ: རྒྱ་གར
eesti: India
Ελληνικά: Ινδία
English: India
español: India
Esperanto: Barato
estremeñu: La Índia
euskara: India
eʋegbe: India
فارسی: هند
Fiji Hindi: India
føroyskt: India
français: Inde
Frysk: Yndia
furlan: Indie
Gaeilge: An India
Gaelg: Yn Injey
Gagauz: İndiya
Gàidhlig: Na h-Innseachan
galego: India
贛語: 印度
Gĩkũyũ: India
گیلکی: هند
ગુજરાતી: ભારત
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌹𐌽𐌳𐌹𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: भारत
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yin-thu
한국어: 인도
Hausa: Indiya
Hawaiʻi: ‘Īnia
Հայերեն: Հնդկաստան
हिन्दी: भारत
hornjoserbsce: Indiska
hrvatski: Indija
Ido: India
Igbo: Ndia
Ilokano: India
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ভারত
Bahasa Indonesia: India
interlingua: India
Interlingue: India
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐃᓐᑎᐊ
Ирон: Инди
isiXhosa: IIndia
isiZulu: India
íslenska: Indland
italiano: India
עברית: הודו
Basa Jawa: Indhi
kalaallisut: India
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಭಾರತ
Kapampangan: India
къарачай-малкъар: Индия
ქართული: ინდოეთი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بًارت
kaszëbsczi: Indie
қазақша: Үндістан
kernowek: Eynda
Kinyarwanda: Ubuhinde
Kirundi: Ubuhindi
Kiswahili: Uhindi
коми: Индия
Kongo: India
Kreyòl ayisyen: End
kurdî: Hindistan
Кыргызча: Ындыя
Ladino: India
лезги: Индия
لۊری شومالی: هاٛن
latgaļu: Iņdeja
Latina: India
latviešu: Indija
Lëtzebuergesch: Indien
lietuvių: Indija
Ligure: India
Limburgs: India
lingála: India
Livvinkarjala: Indii
la .lojban.: xingu'e
lumbaart: India
magyar: India
मैथिली: भारत
македонски: Индија
Malagasy: India
മലയാളം: ഇന്ത്യ
Malti: Indja
Māori: Īnia
मराठी: भारत
მარგალური: ინდოეთი
مصرى: الهند
مازِرونی: هند
Bahasa Melayu: India
Baso Minangkabau: India
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Éng-dô
Mirandés: Índia
мокшень: Индие
монгол: Энэтхэг
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အိန္ဒိယနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: India
Dorerin Naoero: Indjiya
Nederlands: India
Nedersaksies: India
नेपाली: भारत
नेपाल भाषा: भारत
日本語: インド
Napulitano: Innia
нохчийн: ХӀинди
Nordfriisk: Indien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Endya
norsk: India
norsk nynorsk: India
Nouormand: Înde
Novial: India
occitan: Índia
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଭାରତ
Oromoo: Indiyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hindiston
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਭਾਰਤ
पालि: भारत
پنجابی: ھندستان
Papiamentu: India
پښتو: هند
Patois: India
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឥណ្ឌា
Picard: Inde
Piemontèis: India
Tok Pisin: India
Plattdüütsch: Indien
polski: Indie
português: Índia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Hindistan
qırımtatarca: İndistan
reo tahiti: ’Inītia
română: India
Romani: Bharat
rumantsch: India
Runa Simi: Indya
русиньскый: Індія
русский: Индия
саха тыла: Индия
Gagana Samoa: Igitia
संस्कृतम्: भारतम्
Sängö: Indïi
sardu: Ìndia
Scots: Indie
Seeltersk: Indien
Sesotho: India
Sesotho sa Leboa: India
shqip: India
sicilianu: Innia
سنڌي: ڀارت
SiSwati: INdiya
slovenčina: India
slovenščina: Indija
ślůnski: Indyje
Soomaaliga: Hindiya
کوردی: ھیندستان
Sranantongo: Indiakondre
српски / srpski: Индија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Indija
Basa Sunda: India
suomi: Intia
svenska: Indien
Tagalog: India
தமிழ்: இந்தியா
Taqbaylit: Lhend
tarandíne: Indie
татарча/tatarça: Һиндстан
తెలుగు: భారత దేశము
tetun: Índia
ትግርኛ: ህንድ
тоҷикӣ: Ҳиндустон
lea faka-Tonga: ʻInitia
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎢᏂᏗᎢᎠ
ತುಳು: ಭಾರತ
Türkçe: Hindistan
Türkmençe: Hindistan
Twi: India
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Indiɛn
удмурт: Индия
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: India
українська: Індія
اردو: بھارت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ھىندىستان
Vahcuengh: Yindu
vèneto: India
vepsän kel’: Indii
Tiếng Việt: Ấn Độ
Volapük: Lindän
Võro: India
walon: Inde
文言: 印度
West-Vlams: Indië
Winaray: India
Wolof: End
吴语: 印度
Xitsonga: Indiya
ייִדיש: אינדיע
Yorùbá: Índíà
粵語: 印度
Zazaki: Hindıstan
Zeêuws: India
žemaitėška: Indėjė
中文: 印度
डोटेली: भारत
Kabɩyɛ: Ɛndɩ