Human

Humans
Temporal range:
300,000 years – present
Pleistocene – Recent
Akha cropped hires.JPG
Adult human male (left) and female (right) from Southeast Asia
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Primates
Family:Hominidae
Genus:Homo
Species:Homo sapiens

A human (also called a human being or person) is a member of the species Homo sapiens, which means 'wise man' in Latin.[1] Carolus Linnaeus put humans in the mammalian order of primates.[2] Humans are a type of hominoid, and chimpanzees are their closest living relatives.

Humans are mammals. They are also social animals. They usually live in groups. They help and protect each other. They care for their children. Humans are bipedal, which means they walk on two legs. Humans have a very complex brain, which is much larger than that of the other living apes. They use language, make ideas, and feel emotions. This brain, and the fact that arms are not needed for walking, lets humans use tools. Humans use tools far more than any other species.

There are humans living on every continent.[3][4] As of 2017, there were over 7.3 billion people living on Earth.[5]

Important features

Humans have a long period of development after birth. Their life depends less on instinct than other animals, and more on learning. Humans are also born with their brains not so well developed as those of other mammals. This makes for an unusually long childhood, and this which makes family life important. There is a good reason for this. If their brains were better developed they would be larger, and this would make birth more difficult. In birth, the baby's head has to get through the 'birth canal', a passageway through the mother's pelvis.

Many animals use signs and sounds to communicate with each other. But humans have a complex system called language. It allows them to express ideas by using words. Humans are capable of making abstract ideas and communicating them to others. Human language can express things that are not present, or talk about events that are not happening at that time.[6] The things might be elsewhere, and the events may also have occurred at another place or time.[7] No known animals have a system of communication that is as elaborate as human language. By using words to communicate with each other, humans make complex communities with laws, traditions and customs. Humans like to understand the world around them. They try to explain things through myth, science and philosophy. Wanting to understand things has helped many humans make important discoveries.

Humans are the only species living today known to build fires, to cook their food and wear clothes. Humans use more technology than any other animal on Earth ever has. Humans like things that are beautiful and like to make art, literature and music. Humans use education and teaching to pass on skills, ideas and customs to the next generations.

Other Languages
Acèh: Tokoh
Afrikaans: Mens
Alemannisch: Mensch
አማርኛ: የሰው ልጅ
العربية: إنسان
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܪ ܐܢܫܐ
armãneashti: Omu
asturianu: Humanu
Avañe'ẽ: Yvypóra
авар: ГӀадан
Aymar aru: Jaqi
azərbaycanca: İnsan
تۆرکجه: اینسان
বাংলা: মানুষ
Bân-lâm-gú: Lâng
Basa Banyumasan: Tokoh
башҡортса: Кеше
беларуская: Чалавек
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Чалавек
भोजपुरी: मनुष्य
Bikol Central: Tao
български: Човек
Boarisch: Mensch
བོད་ཡིག: འགྲོ་བ་མི།
bosanski: Čovjek
brezhoneg: Den
буряад: Ухаанта хүн
català: Humà
Чӑвашла: Тăнлă çын
Cebuano: Tawo
čeština: Člověk moudrý
Cymraeg: Bod dynol
dansk: Menneske
davvisámegiella: Olmmoš
Deutsch: Mensch
eesti: Inimene
Ελληνικά: Άνθρωπος
English: Human
español: Humano
Esperanto: Homo
euskara: Gizaki
فارسی: انسان
Fiji Hindi: Insaan
føroyskt: Menniskja
Frysk: Minske
furlan: Omp
Gaeilge: Duine
galego: Ser humano
贛語:
گیلکی: آدم
ગુજરાતી: મનુષ્ય
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ngìn
한국어: 사람
Hausa: Yan-adam
Հայերեն: Մարդ բանական
hrvatski: Čovjek
Ido: Homo
Igbo: Madụ̀
Bahasa Indonesia: Manusia
interlingua: Homine
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐄᒃ
Ирон: Адæймаг
isiXhosa: Abantu
isiZulu: Umuntu
íslenska: Maður
עברית: אדם
Basa Jawa: Manungsa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಾನವ
Kapampangan: Tau
ქართული: ადამიანი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: اِنسان
қазақша: Саналы адам
kernowek: Tus
Kiswahili: Binadamu
коми: Морт
Kongo: Muntu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Moun
kurdî: Mirov
Кыргызча: Адам (киши)
лакку: Инсан
лезги: Кас
ລາວ: ມະນຸດ
latgaļu: Cylvāks
Latina: Gens humana
latviešu: Cilvēks
lietuvių: Žmogus
Ligure: Ëse uman
Limburgs: Mins
lingála: Moto
la .lojban.: remna
Luganda: Omuntu
magyar: Ember
मैथिली: लोग
македонски: Човек
Malagasy: Olombelona
മലയാളം: മനുഷ്യൻ
Malti: Bniedem
मराठी: मानव
მარგალური: ადამიერი
مصرى: انسان
Bahasa Melayu: Manusia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nè̤ng
Mirandés: Houmano
мокшень: Ломанць
монгол: Хүн
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လူသား
Nāhuatl: Tlacatl
Nederlands: Mens
Nedersaksies: Mense
नेपाली: मानिस
नेपाल भाषा: मनू
日本語: ヒト
нохчийн: Адам
Nordfriisk: Minsk
norsk: Menneske
norsk nynorsk: Menneske
олык марий: Айдеме
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମଣିଷ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Odam
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਨੁੱਖ
پنجابی: انسان
پښتو: انسان
Patois: Yuuman
Перем Коми: Морт
ភាសាខ្មែរ: មនុស្ស
Piemontèis: Òm
português: Humano
Ripoarisch: Minsh
română: Om
Romani: Manush
Runa Simi: Runa
русский: Человек
саха тыла: Киhи
संस्कृतम्: मनुष्यः
Scots: Human
shqip: Njeriu
sicilianu: Umanu
සිංහල: මිනිසා
سنڌي: انسان
slovenčina: Človek rozumný
slovenščina: Človek
ślůnski: Czowjek
Soomaaliga: Insaan
کوردی: مرۆڤ
српски / srpski: Човек
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Čovjek
Basa Sunda: Manusa
suomi: Ihminen
svenska: Människa
Tagalog: Tao
தமிழ்: மனிதர்
татарча/tatarça: Акыллы кеше
తెలుగు: మానవుడు
тоҷикӣ: Инсон
Türkçe: İnsan
українська: Людина
اردو: انسان
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئادەم
Vahcuengh: Vunz
vepsän kel’: Ristit
Tiếng Việt: Người
Võro: Inemine
文言:
West-Vlams: Mens
Winaray: Tawo
吴语:
Xitsonga: Vanhu
ייִדיש: מענטש
Yorùbá: Ọmọnìyàn
粵語:
Zazaki: Merdum
žemaitėška: Žmuogos
中文:
डोटेली: मान्सु
ГӀалгӀай: Адам
Lingua Franca Nova: Umana