Helicopter

A Robinson R22 Alpha helicopter flying just a little above the ground
Rescue helicopter in Munich airport

A helicopter (also often used: chopper or heli) is a kind of flying machine or aircraft. A helicopter lifts up off of the ground and moves because of its rotors. A rotor is several small wings, called rotor blades, that spin together around a shaft. For that reason, helicopters are sometimes called rotary-wing aircraft. A helicopter flies differently from an airplane. An airplane must move forward to stay in the air, but because the helicopter's rotor blades are always moving, the helicopter can stop and stay in one place above the ground. This allows them to land in places where an airplane cannot. Helicopters can move by tilting their rotor blades, which causes the aircraft to fly in the direction the blades are tilted.

History

Since around 400 BC, the Chinese had a flying top that was used as a children's toy. The flying top was made from bamboo and used the same method of spinning wings to fly up in the air. Later flying tops were made of feathers tied to a stick. Leonardo da Vinci first thought of a helicopter flown by a man in 1490, and drew pictures of his ideas. It was hundreds of years later (in the early 20th century) before anyone built one that could really fly. The first practical helicopters were built by Frenchman Louis Breguet in 1935 and by German Henrich Focke in 1936. A Russian immigrant, Igor Sikorsky, built and perfected the first practical helicopter in America in 1939.

Armed helicopter for hunting submarines
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Helikopter
Ænglisc: Þyrla
العربية: مروحية
অসমীয়া: হেলিকপ্টাৰ
asturianu: Helicópteru
Avañe'ẽ: Vevehajere
azərbaycanca: Vertolyot
Bân-lâm-gú: Ti̍t-seng-ki
беларуская: Верталёт
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Верталёт
български: Вертолет
bosanski: Helikopter
brezhoneg: Biñsaskell
català: Helicòpter
Cebuano: Helikopter
čeština: Vrtulník
Cymraeg: Hofrennydd
dansk: Helikopter
Deutsch: Hubschrauber
eesti: Kopter
Ελληνικά: Ελικόπτερο
English: Helicopter
español: Helicóptero
Esperanto: Helikoptero
euskara: Helikoptero
فارسی: بالگرد
føroyskt: Tyrlur
français: Hélicoptère
Frysk: Helikopter
Gaeilge: Ingearán
Gàidhlig: Heileacoptair
galego: Helicóptero
贛語: 直升機
ગુજરાતી: હેલિકોપ્ટર
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chhṳ̍t-sṳ̂n-kî
한국어: 헬리콥터
հայերեն: Ուղղաթիռ
हिन्दी: हैलीकॉप्टर
hrvatski: Helikopter
Bahasa Indonesia: Helikopter
íslenska: Þyrla
italiano: Elicottero
עברית: מסוק
ქართული: შვეულმფრენი
қазақша: Тікұшақ
Kiswahili: Helikopta
Kreyòl ayisyen: Elikoptè
kurdî: Babirok
Latina: Helicopterum
latviešu: Helikopters
lietuvių: Sraigtasparnis
Limburgs: Helikopter
lingála: Elikɔptɛ́lɛ
magyar: Helikopter
македонски: Хеликоптер
Bahasa Melayu: Helikopter
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရဟတ်ယာဉ်
Nederlands: Helikopter
नेपाली: हेलिकोप्टर
नेपाल भाषा: बुइँचाखः
нохчийн: Беркема
norsk: Helikopter
norsk nynorsk: Helikopter
occitan: Elicoptèr
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tikuchar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹੈਲੀਕਾਪਟਰ
پنجابی: ہیلیکاپٹر
Papiamentu: Helikopter
پښتو: چورلکه
Patois: Elichapta
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឧទ្ធម្ភាគចក្រ
polski: Śmigłowiec
português: Helicóptero
Qaraqalpaqsha: Vertolyot
română: Elicopter
Runa Simi: Pillwinkumpa
русский: Вертолёт
Scots: Helicopter
Seeltersk: Hoochskruuwer
sicilianu: Elicòttiru
slovenčina: Helikoptéra
slovenščina: Helikopter
Soomaaliga: Helicopterka
српски / srpski: Хеликоптер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Helikopter
svenska: Helikopter
Tagalog: Helikopter
татарча/tatarça: Боралак
тоҷикӣ: Чархбол
Türkçe: Helikopter
тыва дыл: Вертолёт
українська: Вертоліт
Tiếng Việt: Máy bay trực thăng
Winaray: Helikopter
ייִדיש: העליקאפטער
粵語: 直升機
中文: 直升機