History of Japan
The Heian period (平安時代, Heian jidai) is a time in the Japanese history from 794 to 1185. This grouping of years is named after city of Heian-kyō, which is the early name of present day Kyoto.
The Heian period began in 794 when the capital of Japan was moved to Heian-kyō. It lasted until 1185, which is the beginning of the Kamakura period.
In this period Kyoto was the center of Japanese culture. It was also in this period that the first known novel was published. Its author was a woman. Poetry was very popular in Heian-kyo at the time.