Han dynasty

The Han dynasty came to power in 202 BC. They followed the philosophies of Confucianism and legalism. This was called 'the Han synthesis'.

Under this dynasty, China made progress in arts and science. The empire also became larger and larger. China started trading with a number of other countries. They started the Silk Road. Merchants used the Silk Road to reach China. During this dynasty Buddhism was introduced in China. Today, the dominant ethnic group of China calls themselves the Han Chinese since this was the dynasty where many of the norms of Chinese culture found a firm foundation in the culture, including Confucianism and Traditional Chinese characters. The first emperor of the han dynasty is Liu Bang, known in Chinese as Emperor Gaozu of Han.

The Han dynasty ruled China from 206 b.c.e. to 220 c.e. The new emperor maintained a legalist ideology, just like the Qin dynasty, but also had ideas of Confucianism to have a centralized system showing benevolence. After eighty years, Emperor Wu of Han launched a period of military expansion. The Han armies controlled many territories, including Silk Road in Mongolia and Xinjiang. The Silk Road  helped make a political, economic, military, and culture center, but it was very expensive to manage and further expansion was cut off.  Several factors contributed to the fall of the Han dynasty, including uprisings of desperate and hungry people, the spread of attacks by nomadic groups, and official corruption.

Literature

Fairbank, John King and Merle Goldman 1992. China: a new history. 2nd enlarged edition 2006. Cambridge: MA; London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01828-1

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Han-dinastie
Alemannisch: Han-Dynastie
aragonés: Dinastía Han
অসমীয়া: হান ৰাজবংশ
asturianu: Dinastía Han
azərbaycanca: Han sülaləsi
Bân-lâm-gú: Hàn
башҡортса: Хань (династия)
беларуская: Дынастыя Хань
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дынастыя Хань
български: Хан (династия)
bosanski: Dinastija Han
brezhoneg: Tierniezh Han
буряад: Хань улас
català: Dinastia Han
Чӑвашла: Хань (ăру)
čeština: Dynastie Chan
Deutsch: Han-Dynastie
Ελληνικά: Δυναστεία Χαν
English: Han dynasty
español: Dinastía Han
Esperanto: Dinastio Han
euskara: Han dinastia
Fiji Hindi: Han Samrajya
føroyskt: Han-ríkið
français: Dynastie Han
贛語:
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hon-chhèu
한국어: 한나라
հայերեն: Հան դինաստիա
हिन्दी: हान राजवंश
hrvatski: Dinastija Han
Bahasa Indonesia: Dinasti Han
íslenska: Hanveldið
italiano: Dinastia Han
עברית: שושלת האן
Basa Jawa: Wangsa Han
Kiswahili: Nasaba ya Han
Latina: Domus Han
latviešu: Haņu dinastija
lietuvių: Hanų dinastija
македонски: Хан (династија)
مصرى: عيلة خان
Bahasa Melayu: Dinasti Han
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Háng-dièu
монгол: Хань улс
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟန်မင်းဆက်
Nederlands: Han-dynastie
नेपाली: हान राजवंश
नेपाल भाषा: हान राजवंश
日本語:
norsk nynorsk: Han-dynastiet
occitan: Dinastia Han
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xan (sulola)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਾਨ ਰਾਜਕਾਲ
پنجابی: ہان سلطنت
ភាសាខ្មែរ: រាជវង្សហាន
polski: Dynastia Han
português: Dinastia Han
română: Dinastia Han
русиньскый: Дінастія Ган
русский: Империя Хань
slovenščina: Dinastija Han
српски / srpski: Династија Хан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dinastija Han
svenska: Handynastin
татарча/tatarça: Хань чоры
Türkçe: Han Hanedanı
Türkmençe: Han dinastiýasy
українська: Династія Хань
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: خەن سۇلالىسى
Vahcuengh: Hanciuz
Tiếng Việt: Nhà Hán
文言:
Winaray: Dinastiya Han
吴语: 汉朝
粵語:
中文: 汉朝