Grapheme

A grapheme is a written mark which corresponds to a spoken sound, or a bit of written language (orthography). It roughly corresponds to a phoneme in speech.[1]

Graphemes include alphabetic letters, typographic ligatures, Chinese characters, numerical digits, punctuation marks, and other individual symbols of any of the world's writing systems. The separate items on a keyboard all produce graphemes when writing in the appropriate software.

A grapheme may or may not carry meaning by itself, and may or may not correspond to a single phoneme.

A grapheme is an abstract concept. A glyph is a specific shape that represents that grapheme, in a specific typeface. For example, the abstract concept of "the Arabic numeral one" is a grapheme which has different glyphs in different typefaces.

  • notes

Notes

  1. Technically, "the smallest semantically distinguishable unit".


Other Languages
Afrikaans: Grafeem
Alemannisch: Graphem
العربية: غرافيم
asturianu: Grafema
Bân-lâm-gú: Su-kì-sò͘
беларуская: Графема
български: Графема
brezhoneg: Grafemenn
català: Grafema
čeština: Grafém
dansk: Grafem
Deutsch: Graphem
eesti: Grafeem
English: Grapheme
español: Grafema
Esperanto: Grafemo
euskara: Grafema
فارسی: تک‌نگاره
français: Graphème
Gaelg: Myn-screeu
galego: Grafema
hrvatski: Grafem
Bahasa Indonesia: Grafem
italiano: Grafema
עברית: גרפמה
Basa Jawa: Grafem
ქართული: გრაფემა
қазақша: Графема
Kreyòl ayisyen: Grafèm
Кыргызча: Графема
latviešu: Grafēma
lietuvių: Grafema
Livvinkarjala: Kirjaimikko
magyar: Graféma
Nederlands: Grafeem
日本語: 書記素
norsk: Grafem
norsk nynorsk: Grafem
occitan: Grafèma
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲਿਪਾਂਕ
polski: Grafem
português: Grafema
română: Grafem
русский: Графема
Scots: Grapheme
slovenčina: Graféma
slovenščina: Grafem
српски / srpski: Графема
svenska: Grafem
Türkçe: Grafem
українська: Графема
اردو: ترسیمہ
粵語: 字母
中文: 字位