German Workers' Party

The German: Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or German Workers' Party (DAP) was a political party in Germany just after World War I. It did not last for very long, and became the National Socialist German Workers' Party or Nazi Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, acronym NSDAP).

German Workers' Party
LeaderAnton Drexler
Karl Harrer (1919-1920)
FoundedJanuary 5, 1919
DissolvedFebruary 24, 1920
Preceded byNone (de jure)
German Fatherland Party (de facto)
Succeeded byNational Socialist German Workers' Party
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
IdeologyGerman nationalism
Political positionFar-right politics


Eight days before elections in Bavaria, the DAP was founded in Munich in the Café Gasteig on 5 January 1919 by Anton Drexler and Michael Lotter. The DAP grew out of the 'Free Worker's Committee for a Good Peace' (German: Freien Arbeiterausschuss für einen guten Frieden) which Drexler had also started.

Most of the DAP's first members were friends of Drexler's from the Munich rail depot. Drexler wanted a party that was nationalist and aimed at ordinary people. Most other nationalist parties were middle class parties. The first membership was about forty people.[1]

On 24 March 1919, Karl Harrer (a sports journalist and member of the Thule Society) joined the DAP to try to get more control over the DAP for the Thule Society. There were still not many members, and meetings were often held in local pubs.

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