George Santayana

Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás
George Santayana.jpg
Born16 December 1863
Madrid, Spain
Died26 September 1952
Rome, Italy
Era20th century philosophy
RegionWestern Philosophy
SchoolPragmatism, Naturalism
Notable ideas
Lucretian materialism, skepticism, natural aristocracy, The Realms of Being

Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás (December 16, 1863–September 26, 1952), also known as George Santayana, was a Spanish American academic, philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist.[1]

Santayana is known for his sayings,

  • "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it",[2]
  • "[O]nly the dead have seen the end of war."[3]

Early life

Santayana was born on December 16, 1863 in Madrid. He spent his early childhood in Ávila.

He attended Harvard University, where he studied with William James and Josiah Royce.

He earned a Ph.D. at Harvard in 1889. He also studied in Berlin and Cambridge.[1]

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