Geography

A map of the Earth

Geography is the study of the Earth and its features, its inhabitants, and its phenomena.[1] The word geography comes from the Greek words ("Earth") and graphein ("to write, draw"). It means "to write and draw about the Earth". The word was first used by a scientist called Eratosthenes (276-194 B.C.).

Its features are things like continents, seas, rivers and mountains. Its inhabitants are all the people and animals that live on it. Its phenomena are the things that happen like tides, winds, and earthquakes.

A person who is an expert in geography is a geographer. A geographer tries to understand the world and the things that are in it, how they started and how they have changed.[2]

Geography is divided into two main parts called physical geography and human geography. Physical geography studies the natural environment and human geography studies the human environment. The human environmental studies would include things such as the population in a country, how a country's economy is doing, and more. There is also environmental geography.

Geographers need to know a lot about maps because maps are very important for understanding geography. Geographers use maps a lot, and often make them. Making maps is called cartography, and similarly, people who make maps are cartographers.

Branches

Physical geography

A tropical cyclone off Brazil

Physical geography (sometimes also called physiography) is the natural science that covers the natural environment and the Earth's surface. A geographer studying physical geography may look at:

Human geography

A crowd of people around a band.

Human geography is the social science that covers the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies and their interaction with the environment. Geographers studying the human environment may look at:

Other Languages
Acèh: Geografi
Адыгэбзэ: Хэкумэтх
Afrikaans: Geografie
Akan: Gyeografi
Alemannisch: Geografie
العربية: جغرافيا
aragonés: Cheografía
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܓܐܘܓܪܦܝܐ
arpetan: G·eografia
অসমীয়া: ভূগোল
asturianu: Xeografía
Avañe'ẽ: Tetãkuaa
Aymar aru: Uraqita
azərbaycanca: Coğrafiya
تۆرکجه: جوغرافیا
বাংলা: ভূগোল
Bân-lâm-gú: Tē-lí
Basa Banyumasan: Geografi
башҡортса: География
беларуская: Геаграфія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Геаграфія
भोजपुरी: भूगोल
Bikol Central: Heograpiya
Bislama: Jiografi
български: География
Boarisch: Geografie
bosanski: Geografija
brezhoneg: Douaroniezh
буряад: Газар зүй
català: Geografia
Чӑвашла: Географи
Cebuano: Heyograpiya
čeština: Geografie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Geografia
chiShona: Taranyika
corsu: Geografia
Cymraeg: Daearyddiaeth
dansk: Geografi
Deutsch: Geographie
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖުޣުރާފީ
dolnoserbski: Geografija
डोटेली: भूगोल
eesti: Geograafia
Ελληνικά: Γεωγραφία
English: Geography
español: Geografía
Esperanto: Geografio
estremeñu: Geografia
euskara: Geografia
فارسی: جغرافیا
Fiji Hindi: Jagha
føroyskt: Landafrøði
français: Géographie
Frysk: Geografy
furlan: Gjeografie
Gàidhlig: Cruinn-eòlas
galego: Xeografía
ГӀалгӀай: Географи
贛語: 地理學
ગુજરાતી: ભૂગોળ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thi-lî-ho̍k
한국어: 지리학
हिन्दी: भूगोल
hornjoserbsce: Geografija
hrvatski: Geografija
Ilokano: Heograpia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ভূগোল
Bahasa Indonesia: Geografi
interlingua: Geographia
Interlingue: Geografie
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓄᓇᐅᔪᖅ
isiXhosa: IJografi
íslenska: Landfræði
italiano: Geografia
עברית: גאוגרפיה
Basa Jawa: Géografi
kalaallisut: Nunalerineq
Kapampangan: Geografia
къарачай-малкъар: География
ქართული: გეოგრაფია
kaszëbsczi: Geògrafijô
қазақша: География
kernowek: Dorydhyeth
Kiswahili: Jiografia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Jewografi
kurdî: Erdnîgarî
Кыргызча: География
Ladino: Jeografiya
Latina: Geographia
latviešu: Ģeogrāfija
Lëtzebuergesch: Geographie
лезги: География
lietuvių: Geografija
Ligure: Geografia
Limburgs: Geografie
Lingua Franca Nova: Jeografia
Livvinkarjala: Muantiedo
la .lojban.: tutske
Luganda: Essomansi
lumbaart: Geugrafia
मैथिली: भूगोल
македонски: Географија
Malagasy: Jeografia
मराठी: भूगोल
მარგალური: გეოგრაფია
مصرى: جغرافيا
مازِرونی: جوغرافی
Bahasa Melayu: Geografi
Baso Minangkabau: Geografi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dê-lī
Mirandés: Geografie
мокшень: Географие
монгол: Газарзүй
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပထဝီဝင်
Nederlands: Aardrijkskunde
Nedersaksies: Geografie
नेपाली: भूगोल
नेपाल भाषा: भूगोल
日本語: 地理学
Napulitano: Giugrafia
нохчийн: Географи
Nordfriisk: Geografii
Norfuk / Pitkern: Jiiografii
norsk: Geografi
norsk nynorsk: Geografi
Nouormand: Géographie
Novial: Geografia
occitan: Geografia
олык марий: Географий
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଭୂଗୋଳ
Oromoo: Hawaasa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Geografiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਭੂਗੋਲ
पालि: भूगोल
پنجابی: جغرافیہ
Patois: Jaagrafi
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភូមិសាស្ត្រ
Picard: Jografie
Tok Pisin: Save long giraun
Plattdüütsch: Geografie
polski: Geografia
Ποντιακά: Γεωγραφίαν
português: Geografia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Geografiya
română: Geografie
Romani: Phuvipen
rumantsch: Geografia
Runa Simi: Allpa saywachi
русиньскый: Ґеоґрафія
русский: География
саха тыла: География
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱚᱛᱱᱚ
Gagana Samoa: Geography
संस्कृतम्: भूगोलम्
sardu: Geografia
Scots: Geografie
Sesotho sa Leboa: Thutafase
shqip: Gjeografia
sicilianu: Giugrafìa
سنڌي: جاگرافي
SiSwati: Temhlaba
slovenčina: Geografia
slovenščina: Geografija
ślůnski: Geografijo
Soomaaliga: Juqraafi
کوردی: جوگرافیا
српски / srpski: Географија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Geografija
Basa Sunda: Géografi
suomi: Maantiede
svenska: Geografi
Tagalog: Heograpiya
Taqbaylit: Tarakalt
tarandíne: Sciugrafije
татарча/tatarça: География
тоҷикӣ: Ҷуғрофия
Türkçe: Coğrafya
Türkmençe: Geografiýa
тыва дыл: География
українська: Географія
اردو: جغرافیہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: جۇغراپىيە
vèneto: Giografia
vepsän kel’: Geografii
Tiếng Việt: Địa lý
Volapük: Taledav
Võro: Maatiidüs
文言: 地理學
West-Vlams: Eirdrykskunde
Winaray: Heyograpiya
Wolof: Melosuuf
吴语: 地理學
Xitsonga: Ntivo-mbangu
ייִדיש: געאגראפיע
粵語: 地理
Zazaki: Coğrafya
Zeêuws: Heografie
žemaitėška: Geuograpėjė
中文: 地理学