Gasoline

A gasoline container
Gas/petrol pumps

Gasoline n/, or petrol l/, is a toxic, clear liquid that is mostly used as a fuel in internal combustion engines. It is made by boiling petroleum, a fossil fuel. In a distillation process, petroleum is heated to a very high temperature, then it separates into its components, one of them is gasoline. This is an expensive process. It is made mostly of octane (C8H18), a hydrocarbon.

Gasoline is sold at gas stations (petrol stations). In order to burn properly in high-compression internal combustion engines, each brand of gasoline includes gasoline additives. So, the exact make up of gasoline is different at different stations. Gasoline is graded by its octane rating that measures how well it will burn. Most car engines can burn "regular" gasoline which has an octane rating of 87. Precision-made engines require or prefer "premium" gasoline with an octane rating of 93. Most stations offer three different mixtures of gasoline with three separate octane ratings and prices.

Energy content of some fuels compared with gasoline:[1]
Fuel typeMJ/LMJ/kgResearch
octane
number
Ethanol21.2[2]26.8[2]108.6[3]
E85
(85% ethanol, 15% gasoline)
25.233.2105
Liquefied natural gas25.3~55
Autogas (LPG)
(60% propane + 40% butane)
26.850.
Aviation gasoline
(high-octane gasoline, not jet fuel)
33.546.8100/130 (lean/rich)
Gasohol
(90% gasoline + 10% ethanol)
33.747.193/94
Regular gasoline34.844.4[4]min. 91
Premium gasolinemax. 104
Diesel38.645.425

Uses

Gasoline is most often used in vehicles like cars, vans, etc. Gasoline can be used in a wide variety of other things that we use every day, such as lawnmowers, leaf blowers, and small boat motors. Some larger vehicles like trucks or ships may use diesel fuel instead of gasoline.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Petrol
አማርኛ: ቤንዚን
aragonés: Benzina
asturianu: Gasolina
azərbaycanca: Benzin
বাংলা: পেট্রল
Bân-lâm-gú: Ga-só͘-lín
беларуская: Бензін
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бэнзін
भोजपुरी: पेट्रोल
български: Бензин
bosanski: Benzin
català: Gasolina
čeština: Benzín
dansk: Benzin
Deutsch: Motorenbenzin
eesti: Bensiin
Ελληνικά: Βενζίνη
English: Gasoline
español: Gasolina
Esperanto: Benzino
euskara: Gasolina
فارسی: بنزین
Frysk: Benzine
Gaeilge: Peitreal
Gàidhlig: Peatrail
galego: Gasolina
贛語: 汽油
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Khì-yù
한국어: 휘발유
Հայերեն: Բենզին
हिन्दी: पेट्रोल
hrvatski: Benzin
Ido: Benzino
Bahasa Indonesia: Bensin
interlingua: Gasolina
íslenska: Bensín
italiano: Benzina
עברית: בנזין
Basa Jawa: Bènsin
ქართული: ბენზინი
қазақша: Бензин
Kiswahili: Petroli
Кыргызча: Бензин
Latina: Benzinum
latviešu: Benzīns
lietuvių: Benzinas
Ligure: Gasolio
Limburgs: Benzien
magyar: Benzin
മലയാളം: പെട്രോൾ
مصرى: بنزين
Bahasa Melayu: Petrol
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဓာတ်ဆီ
Nederlands: Benzine
नेपाली: पेट्रोल
नेपाल भाषा: ग्यासोलिन
日本語: ガソリン
norsk: Bensin
norsk nynorsk: Bensin
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Benzin
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਟਰੋਲ
پنجابی: پٹرول
polski: Benzyna
português: Gasolina
română: Benzină
русский: Бензин
саха тыла: Бензин
संस्कृतम्: पेट्रोल्
Scots: Petrol
Seeltersk: Motooren-Benzin
sicilianu: Binzina
slovenčina: Benzín
slovenščina: Bencin
српски / srpski: Motorni benzin
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Benzin
Basa Sunda: Bénsin
suomi: Bensiini
svenska: Bensin
Tagalog: Gasolina
தமிழ்: பெட்ரோல்
татарча/tatarça: Бензин
తెలుగు: పెట్రోల్
тоҷикӣ: Бензин
Türkçe: Benzin
тыва дыл: Бензин
українська: Бензин
Tiếng Việt: Xăng
Winaray: Gasolina
Wolof: Esaas
ייִדיש: בענזין
粵語: 電油
Zazaki: Benzin
中文: 汽油