Traditional orchestra at Kyoto Palace

Gagaku is classical Japanese court music.[1] Gagaku was brought to Japan from China in the 8th century.[1] The meaning of Gagaku is literally 'elegant music'.[2] Most of the music that survives is classified as Togaku (music from the Tang Dynasty).[3] They are performed as dance pieces and concert pieces.[3] In modern Japan, Gagaku is performed at ceremonies like that of New Year or a wedding held at a Shinto shrine.


Gagaku instruments consists of wind instruments, string instruments and percussion instruments.[4] There are three type of wind instruments. They are Sho, Hichiriki and Ryuteki. There are mainly two kinds of stringed instruments, Koto and Biwa.[5] Also there are three kinds of percussion instruments, Dadaiko, Shoko and Kakko. The wind instruments usually carry the melody.[4] The two huge drums called dadaiko are a colorful part of a Gagaku performance.[4]

Other Languages
Deutsch: Gagaku
English: Gagaku
español: Gagaku
Esperanto: Gagako
euskara: Gagaku
فارسی: گاگاکو
français: Gagaku
hrvatski: Gagaku
Bahasa Indonesia: Gagaku
italiano: Gagaku
עברית: גאגאקו
Nederlands: Gagaku
日本語: 雅楽
polski: Gagaku
português: Gagaku
română: Gagaku
русский: Гагаку
suomi: Gagaku
文言: 日本雅樂