France

French Republic
République française (French)
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
"The Marsellaise"
EU-France (orthographic projection).svg
EU-France.svg
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the territory of the French Republic (red) Adélie Land (Antarctic claim; hatched)
  • Location of the territory of the French Republic (red)
  • Adélie Land (Antarctic claim; hatched)
Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51′N 2°21′E / 48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.850; 2.350
Official language
and national language
French[upper-roman 1]
Nationality (2010)
Religion (2016)
DemonymFrench
GovernmentUnitary semi‑presidential constitutional republic
Emmanuel Macron
Édouard Philippe
• President of the Senate
Gérard Larcher
• President of the National Assembly
François de Rugy
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
• Francia unified
486
August 843
• Republic established
22 September 1792
• Founded the EEC[upper-roman 3]
1 January 1958
• Current constitution[upper-roman 4]
4 October 1958
Area
• Total
640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi)[3] (42nd)
551,695 km2 (213,011 sq mi)[upper-roman 5] (50th)
• Metropolitan France (Cadastre)
543,940.9 km2 (210,016.8 sq mi)[upper-roman 6][4] (50th)
Population
• 2017 estimate
Increase67,186,638[5] (21st)
• Density
104/km2 (270/sq mi) (106th)
• Metropolitan France, estimate as of December 2017
Increase 65,058,000[6] (22nd)
• Density
116/km2 (300.4/sq mi) (89th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.835 trillion[7] (10th)
• Per capita
$43,760[7] (26th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.583 trillion[7] (7th)
• Per capita
$39,869[7] (22nd)
Gini (2013)30.1[8]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.897[9]
very high · 21st
Currency
Time zoneCentral European Time (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Central European Summer Time[upper-roman 10] (UTC+2)
Note: various other time zones are observed in overseas France.[upper-roman 9]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+33[upper-roman 11]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[upper-roman 12]
Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).
Rouen France Panoramic-View-02.jpg

France (/ˈfræns/ or /ˈfrɑːns/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française, French pronunciation: ​[ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in Western Europe and that also comprises various overseas islands and territories located in other continents.[10] Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is often referred to as L’Hexagone ("The Hexagon") because of the shape of its territory. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its main ideals expressed in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

Metropolitan France is bordered (clockwise from the north) by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain. France's overseas departments and collectivities also share land borders with Brazil and Suriname (bordering French Guiana), and the Netherlands Antilles (bordering Saint-Martin). France is linked to the United Kingdom by the Channel Tunnel, which passes underneath the English Channel.

France is the largest country in the European Union and the second largest in Europe. It has been one of the world's foremost powers for many centuries. During the 17th and 18th centuries, France colonized much of North America; during the 19th and early 20th centuries, France built one of the largest colonial empires of the time, including large portions of North, West and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, and many Pacific islands. France is a developed country and possesses the fifth largest economy[11] in the world, according to nominal GDP figures. It is the most visited country in the world, receiving 82 million foreign tourists annually.[12] France is one of the founding members of the European Union, and has the largest land area of all members. It is also a founding member of the United Nations, and a member of the Francophonie, the G8, NATO, and the Latin Union. It is one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and owns the largest number of nuclear weapons with active warheads and nuclear power plants in the European Union.

Geography and climate

France is located in Western Europe.[13] France shares it’sborders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain.[14] France has two mountain ranges near its borders: the Alps in the east and the Pyrenees in the south.[14] There are many rivers in France, including the Seine and the Loire.[15] In the north and the west of France, there are low hills and river valleys.

In France there are many different climates.[16] The Atlantic has a major effect on the weather in the north and west. This means the temperature is about the same most of the year. It is in the marine west coast climate region. In the east, winters are cold and the weather is good. Summers are hot and stormy. In the south, winters are cool and wet. Summers are hot and dry.[17] The north has a temperate climate similar to that of the United Kingdom and other Northern European countries.

France has the second-largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the world.[18] It covers 11,035,000 km2 (4,260,637 sq mi). Only the United States has a larger one .

Other Languages
Acèh: Peurancih
Адыгэбзэ: Фрэндж
адыгабзэ: Францие
Afrikaans: Frankryk
Akan: France
Alemannisch: Frankreich
አማርኛ: ፈረንሣይ
Ænglisc: Francland
Аҧсшәа: Франциа
العربية: فرنسا
aragonés: Francia
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܪܢܣܐ
armãneashti: Frânție
arpetan: France
অসমীয়া: ফ্ৰান্স
asturianu: Francia
Avañe'ẽ: Hyãsia
авар: Паранс
Aymar aru: Phransiya
azərbaycanca: Fransa
تۆرکجه: فرانسه
bamanankan: Faransi
বাংলা: ফ্রান্স
Bahasa Banjar: Parancis
Bân-lâm-gú: Hoat-kok
башҡортса: Франция
беларуская: Францыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Францыя
भोजपुरी: फ्रांस
Bikol Central: Pransya
Bislama: Franis
български: Франция
Boarisch: Frankreich
བོད་ཡིག: ཧྥ་རན་སི།
bosanski: Francuska
brezhoneg: Bro-C'hall
буряад: Франци
català: França
Чӑвашла: Франци
Cebuano: Pransiya
čeština: Francie
Chamoru: Francia
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Francia
Chi-Chewa: France
chiShona: France
chiTumbuka: France
corsu: Francia
Cymraeg: Ffrainc
dansk: Frankrig
davvisámegiella: Frankriika
Deitsch: Frankreich
Deutsch: Frankreich
ދިވެހިބަސް: ފަރަންސޭސިވިލާތް
dolnoserbski: Francojska
डोटेली: फ्रान्स
ཇོང་ཁ: ཕརཱནསི་
Ελληνικά: Γαλλία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Franza
English: France
español: Francia
Esperanto: Francio
estremeñu: Francia
euskara: Frantzia
eʋegbe: France
فارسی: فرانسه
Fiji Hindi: France
føroyskt: Frakland
français: France
Frysk: Frankryk
Fulfulde: Faransi
furlan: France
Gaeilge: An Fhrainc
Gaelg: Yn Rank
Gagauz: Franțiya
Gàidhlig: An Fhraing
galego: Francia
ГӀалгӀай: Франци
贛語: 法國
Gĩkũyũ: Baranja
ગુજરાતી: ફ્રાન્સ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: फ्रांस
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Fap-koet
한국어: 프랑스
Hausa: Faransa
Hawaiʻi: Palani
հայերեն: Ֆրանսիա
हिन्दी: फ़्रान्स
hornjoserbsce: Francoska
hrvatski: Francuska
Ido: Francia
Igbo: France
Ilokano: Pransia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ফ্রান্স
Bahasa Indonesia: Perancis
interlingua: Francia
Interlingue: Francia
Ирон: Франц
isiZulu: IFulansi
íslenska: Frakkland
italiano: Francia
עברית: צרפת
Basa Jawa: Prancis
Kabɩyɛ: Fransɩɩ
kalaallisut: Franskit Nunaat
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಫ್ರಾನ್ಸ್
Kapampangan: Pransiya
къарачай-малкъар: Франция
ქართული: საფრანგეთი
kaszëbsczi: Francëjô
қазақша: Франция
kernowek: Pow Frynk
Kinyarwanda: Ubufaransa
Kirundi: Ubufaransa
Kiswahili: Ufaransa
коми: Франция
Kongo: Fwalansa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Frans
kurdî: Fransa
Кыргызча: Франция
Ladino: Fransia
لۊری شومالی: فرانسٱ
latgaļu: Praņceja
Latina: Francia
latviešu: Francija
Lëtzebuergesch: Frankräich
лезги: Франция
lietuvių: Prancūzija
Ligure: Fransa
Limburgs: Frankriek
lingála: Falansia
Lingua Franca Nova: Frans
Livvinkarjala: Frantsii
la .lojban.: fasygu'e
Luganda: Bufalansa
lumbaart: Frància
मैथिली: फ्रान्स
македонски: Франција
Malagasy: Frantsa
മലയാളം: ഫ്രാൻസ്
Malti: Franza
Māori: Wīwī
मराठी: फ्रान्स
მარგალური: საფრანგეთი
مصرى: فرنسا
مازِرونی: فرانسه
Bahasa Melayu: Perancis
Baso Minangkabau: Parancih
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Huák-guók
Mirandés: Fráncia
мокшень: Кранцмастор
монгол: Франц
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပြင်သစ်နိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Francia
Dorerin Naoero: Prant
Nederlands: Frankrijk
Nedersaksies: Frankriek
नेपाली: फ्रान्स
नेपाल भाषा: फ्रान्स
日本語: フランス
Napulitano: Franza
нохчийн: Франци
Nordfriisk: Frånkrik
Norfuk / Pitkern: France
norsk: Frankrike
norsk nynorsk: Frankrike
Nouormand: France
Novial: Fransia
occitan: França
олык марий: Франций
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
Oromoo: Firaansi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fransiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫ਼ਰਾਂਸ
पालि: फ्रांस
Pälzisch: Frankreich
Pangasinan: Fransia
پنجابی: فرانس
Papiamentu: Fransia
پښتو: فرانس
Patois: Frans
Перем Коми: Франс
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បារាំង
Picard: Franche
Piemontèis: Fransa
Tok Pisin: Frens
Plattdüütsch: Frankriek
polski: Francja
Ποντιακά: Γαλλία
português: França
Qaraqalpaqsha: Franciya
qırımtatarca: Frenkistan
reo tahiti: Farāni
Ripoarisch: Frankreich
română: Franța
Romani: Franchiya
rumantsch: Frantscha
Runa Simi: Ransiya
русиньскый: Франція
русский: Франция
саха тыла: Франция
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱱᱥ
Gagana Samoa: Farani
संस्कृतम्: फ्रान्सदेशः
Sängö: Farânzi
sardu: Frantza
Scots: Fraunce
Seeltersk: Frankriek
Sesotho: Fora
Sesotho sa Leboa: Fora
Setswana: Fora
shqip: Franca
sicilianu: Francia
සිංහල: ප්‍රංශය
سنڌي: فرانس
SiSwati: IFulansi
slovenčina: Francúzsko
slovenščina: Francija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Франкїꙗ
ślůnski: Francyjŏ
Soomaaliga: Faransiiska
کوردی: فەڕەنسا
Sranantongo: Franskondre
српски / srpski: Француска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Francuska
Basa Sunda: Perancis
suomi: Ranska
svenska: Frankrike
Tagalog: Pransiya
தமிழ்: பிரான்சு
Taqbaylit: Fransa
tarandíne: Frange
татарча/tatarça: Франция
తెలుగు: ఫ్రాన్సు
tetun: Fransa
ትግርኛ: ፈረንሳይ
тоҷикӣ: Фаронса
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎦᎸᏥᏱ
Tsetsêhestâhese: France
Türkçe: Fransa
Türkmençe: Fransiýa
Twi: France
тыва дыл: Франция
удмурт: Франция
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Perancis
українська: Франція
اردو: فرانس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: فرانسىيە
Vahcuengh: Fazgoz
vèneto: Fransa
vepsän kel’: Francii
Tiếng Việt: Pháp
Volapük: Fransän
walon: France
文言: 法國
West-Vlams: Vrankryk
Winaray: Fransya
Wolof: Faraas
吴语: 法国
Xitsonga: Furhwa
ייִדיש: פראנקרייך
Yorùbá: Fránsì
粵語: 法國
Zazaki: Fransa
Zeêuws: Frankriek
žemaitėška: Prancūzėjė
中文: 法国