# ForceEnglish: Force

In physics, a force is an interaction that causes an affected object to be pushed or pulled in a certain direction. This results in an alteration to the state of the object's momentum. Forces causes objects to accelerate, add to the object's overall pressure, change direction, or change shape. The strength of a force is measured in Newtons (N). There are four fundamental forces in physics.

A force is always a push, pull, or a twist, and it affects objects by pushing them up, pulling them down, pushing them to a side, or by changing their motion or shape in some other way.

## Newton's Second Law

According to Newton's Second Law of Motion, the formula for finding force is:

${\displaystyle F=ma}$

where ${\displaystyle F}$ is the force,
${\displaystyle m}$ is the mass of an object,
and ${\displaystyle a}$ is the acceleration of the object.

This formula says that when there is a force on an object then it will move faster and faster. If the force is weak and the object is heavy, then it will take a long time to increase the speed very much, but if the force is strong and the object is light, then it will move a lot faster very quickly.

### Weight

Gravity is an acceleration. Everything that has a mass is being pulled toward the Earth because of that acceleration. This pull is a force called weight.

One can take the equation above and change ${\displaystyle a}$ to the standard gravity g, then a formula about the gravity on earth can be found:

${\displaystyle W=mg}$

where ${\displaystyle W}$ is the weight of an object,
${\displaystyle m}$ is the mass of an object,
and ${\displaystyle g}$ is the acceleration due to gravity at sea level. It is about ${\displaystyle 9.8m/s^{2}}$.

This formula says that when you know the mass of an object, then you can calculate how much force there is on the object because of gravity. You must be on earth to use this formula. If you are on the moon or another planet, then you can use the formula but g will be different.

Force is a vector, so it can be stronger or weaker and it can also point in different directions. Gravity always points down into the ground (if you are not in space).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Krag
Alemannisch: Kraft
አማርኛ: ጉልበት
العربية: قوة
aragonés: Fuerza
অসমীয়া: বল
asturianu: Fuercia
تۆرکجه: گوج
বাংলা: বল
Bân-lâm-gú: La̍t
башҡортса: Көс
беларуская: Сіла
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сіла (фізычная велічыня)
български: Сила
Boarisch: Kroft
bosanski: Sila
буряад: Хүсэн
català: Força
čeština: Síla
chiShona: Manikidzo
Cymraeg: Grym
dansk: Kraft
Deutsch: Kraft
eesti: Jõud
Ελληνικά: Δύναμη
English: Force
español: Fuerza
Esperanto: Forto
estremeñu: Huerça
euskara: Indar
فارسی: نیرو
Fiji Hindi: Taagat
français: Force (physique)
Gaeilge: Fórsa
Gaelg: Forse
Gàidhlig: Neart
galego: Forza

ગુજરાતી: બળ

한국어: 힘 (물리)
հայերեն: Ուժ
हिन्दी: बल (भौतिकी)
hrvatski: Sila
Ido: Forco
Bahasa Indonesia: Gaya (fisika)
interlingua: Fortia
isiXhosa: Ifolokhwe
íslenska: Kraftur
italiano: Forza
Kabɩyɛ: Ɖoŋ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಲ
ქართული: ძალა
қазақша: Күш
Kiswahili: Kani
Kreyòl ayisyen: Fòs
kurdî: Hêz
Latina: Vis
latviešu: Spēks
lietuvių: Jėga
Limburgs: Krach
Luganda: Force
lumbaart: Forza
magyar: Erő
македонски: Сила
മലയാളം: ബലം
मराठी: बल
مازِرونی: نیرو
Bahasa Melayu: Daya (fizik)
монгол: Хүч
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အား
Nederlands: Kracht
नेपाली: बल
नेपाल भाषा: तिबः

Nordfriisk: Krääft (füsiik)
norsk: Kraft
norsk nynorsk: Kraft
occitan: Fòrça
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବଳ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kuch
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜ਼ੋਰ
پنجابی: زور
Patois: Fuos
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កម្លាំង
polski: Siła
português: Força
Qaraqalpaqsha: Ku'sh
română: Forță
Runa Simi: Kallpa
русиньскый: Сила
русский: Сила
संस्कृतम्: परस्परक्रिया
sardu: Fortzas
shqip: Forca
sicilianu: Forza
සිංහල: බලය
slovenčina: Sila
slovenščina: Sila
Soomaaliga: Awood
српски / srpski: Сила
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sila
Basa Sunda: Gaya
svenska: Kraft
Tagalog: Puwersa
தமிழ்: விசை