Fishing

Stilts fishermen, Sri Lanka
Fishing with nets, Mexico
Fishing boat in a heavy sea
Fishermen in the harbor of Kochi, India.

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish. Fishing can be done in the sea, or in a lake or river, and by boat or from the shore.

Fish are normally caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.

The term fishing may be used for catching other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term is not normally used for catching farmed fish. With aquatic mammals, such as whales, the term whaling is better.

According to FAO statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture provide direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries.[1] In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with 7.4 kilograms more got from fish farms.[2] In addition to providing food, modern fishing is also a recreational sport.

Fishing for money

Fishing for money is a very dangerous job, because people can die or be badly hurt. Fishing gives a lot of food to many countries around the world, but those who take it as a job must often go far into the ocean under bad conditions. Commercial fishermen get many kinds of sea animals. This includes fish such as tuna, cod, and salmon, as well as invertebrates such as shrimplobsterclams, and squid. Alaskan king crab fishing is a famous example. Ways to fish for money have become very simple, using large nets and machines to catch the animals. Many countries have made rules limiting how much fish people can catch, because some kinds have become scarce.

Raising fish in the forms of aquaculture and mariculture add to the free-range catch of fish.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Visvang
Ænglisc: Fiscoþ
العربية: صيد الأسماك
aragonés: Pesca
asturianu: Pesca
Avañe'ẽ: Pirakutu
azərbaycanca: Balıqçılıq
تۆرکجه: بالیقچیلیق
Bahasa Banjar: Maunjun
български: Риболов
bosanski: Ribolov
brezhoneg: Peskerezh
català: Pesca
čeština: Rybolov
Cymraeg: Pysgota
eesti: Kalapüük
Ελληνικά: Αλιεία
English: Fishing
español: Pesca
Esperanto: Fiŝkaptado
euskara: Arrantza
Gaeilge: Iascaireacht
Gàidhlig: Iasgach
galego: Pesca
ગુજરાતી: માછીમારી
한국어: 어로
hrvatski: Ribolov
Ido: Peskado
Bahasa Indonesia: Penangkapan ikan
íslenska: Fiskveiðar
עברית: דיג
Basa Jawa: Mancing
Kabɩyɛ: Pɔɔ cɔlʋʋ
Kinyarwanda: Uburobyi
Kiswahili: Uvuvi
Latina: Piscatus
latviešu: Zvejošana
Lëtzebuergesch: Fëscherei
lietuvių: Žūklė
Limburgs: Vèsserij
magyar: Halászat
македонски: Риболов
Nāhuatl: Michmāliztli
Nederlands: Visserij
Nedersaksies: Visserieje
नेपाली: माछा पालन
日本語:
Napulitano: Pesca
norsk: Fiske
norsk nynorsk: Fiske
Nouormand: Pêque
occitan: Pesca
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Baliq ovlash
Picard: Péqueu
Plattdüütsch: Fischeree
português: Pesca
română: Pescuit
Runa Simi: Challwa hap'iy
русский: Рыбная ловля
саха тыла: Балыктааһын
Scots: Fishin
sicilianu: Pisca
slovenčina: Rybolov
slovenščina: Ribolov
کوردی: ڕاوەماسی
српски / srpski: Риболов
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ribolov
suomi: Kalastus
svenska: Fiske
Türkçe: Balıkçılık
українська: Рибальство
vepsän kel’: Kalatez
Tiếng Việt: Ngư nghiệp
walon: Pexhe
Winaray: Pangingisdâ
粵語: 捉魚
中文: 捕魚